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The Treaty of Waitangi/ Te Tiriti o Waitangi

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Presentation on theme: "The Treaty of Waitangi/ Te Tiriti o Waitangi"— Presentation transcript:

1 The Treaty of Waitangi/ Te Tiriti o Waitangi
By the end of this lesson I will: understand some key words for types of interactions know some key facts about the Treaty of Waitangi Starter: Write an 18 word sentence that describes early interactions between Maori and European people.

2 Types of Interaction Word Definition Image/ picture Rejection
Separation Adoption Integration Assimilation

3 Rejection e.g Abel Tasman and Murderers Bay
Gilsemans, Isaac : A view of the Murderers' Bay, as you are at anchor here in 15 fathom [1642], drawings and print collection, Alexander Turnbull Library The next major change was the coming of the Pakeha. The first visit was by Abel Tasman but it fell to captain Cook to explore and map New Zealand in a series of three journeys. The first contacts were marred by occasional misunderstandings of the customs and rituals leading to violence with significant numbers killed on both sides. Despite this Cook gained considerable respect for the "Noble Savages" and was happy to trade but his reports back to England did not encourage immediate colonisation - that fell to Australia. Rejection e.g Abel Tasman and Murderers Bay

4 Separation Accept the European arrivals but try to remain unchanged.
In 1858 the Waikato leader Potatau Te Wherowhero was selected as the first Maori King. A primary aim of the Maori King movement (or Kingitanga) was to unite tribes against selling land.New Plymouth under seige, 1860Many settlers and politicians were concerned about this development and believed this challenge to the British Crown should be met. An opportunity to do so occurred when a minor Te Ati Awa chief Te Teira Manuka offered land at Waitara in north Taranaki to the Governor Thomas Gore Browne. Resistance to this sale from another, more senior Te Ati Awa chief, Wiremu Kingi, led to the outbreak of the Taranaki War in 1860. By early 1860 New Plymouth had become an armed camp. Many settlers from the surrounding district moved into town for protection. Soon diseases such as scarlet fever posed a greater threat than warfare. By the time the truce was signed in March 1861 about 120 inhabitants of New Plymouth had died of diseasein 1860. Accept the European arrivals but try to remain unchanged. Kingitangi movement was a way to try and live a separate life from the British.

5 Adoption Taking on some aspects of European life such as using tools or wearing European clothing Unidentified Maori woman with a chin moko, feathers in her hair, and European clothing, [ca 1895

6 Integration Maori integrating aspects of ‘European’ culture
Europeans adopting aspects of ‘Maori’ culture

7 Assimilation Maori felt for some time that Pakeha culture would swallow up their culture entirely. E.g Speaking Maori in schools was banned. The native school at Kaiapoi 

In 1902 there were 28 boys and 201 girls. The teachers were Capt. D. Cossgrove, Mrs S. Cossgrove and Miss Cossgrove

8 QUESTIONS about Interaction
Why was rejection not really possible as a choice for Maori? Why would separation have been difficult? Which of these is closest to what you think New Zealand is like today? Explain your answer. Extension: Which of these is closest to what NZ was like 100/ 150 years ago? Explain.



11 Questions about the Treaty…?
Each person is to write 1 question that they have about the Treaty of Waitangi. Write it onto a small square of paper and I will collect it. We will attempt to answer these over the next few days.

12 Treaty Quiz What date was the Treaty of Waitangi first signed?
Where was the TOW first signed? Which 2 groups of people was the TOW signed between? Which language was the TOW written in? Where would you have to visit to see the TOW today?

13 Treaty Quiz TOW was first signed on the 6th February 1840
The TOW was first signed at Waitangi, in the Bay of Islands. The TOW was signed between the British Crown and a collection of Maori Chiefs. The TOW was in both English and Maori The surviving TOW documents are currently in NZ Archives in Wellington.

14 A Treaty is: A treaty is a legal document that expresses an agreement in words. It is usually signed between sovereign states (countries) and/or international organizations.

15 Before the Treaty of Waitangi…
In 1835, 35 chiefs from the northern tribes in NZ signed the ‘Declaration of Independence’. Why did the Northern Chiefs sign it? To Declare: …their mana and rangatiratanga over tribal lands …their independence of their lands and NZ under the authority of the United Tribes of New Zealand United Tribes would be responsible for the government and laws in their lands Encourage southern tribes to join To thank the King od England for his support and to ask for his continued support.

16 When, Why, What, Where, Who and How?
In pairs, read pages 22 and 23 of the text book ‘Our Treaty’. Answer each of the questions above with 1 or 2 word sentences For why, write down at least 6 reasons. For who, the person mentioned is just 1 person involved. You can add others later.

17 Why did we need a treaty? The British wanted to claim NZ as a British Colony – people from other countries were starting to look like they would try to claim it. Some British settlers living in NZ were breaking laws but couldn’t be charged. More and more settlers started to come to NZ The ‘Declaration of Independence’ stated that Britain needed a treaty to make it a colony.

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