Presentation on theme: "Bellwork Check your Ipad for damage & to make sure you have the right one. You will need map colors today Wednesday. Copy your agenda. Monday – New England."— Presentation transcript:
Bellwork Check your Ipad for damage & to make sure you have the right one. You will need map colors today Wednesday. Copy your agenda. Monday – New England Colonies 13 Colonies Map (Ch4 Sect 1) Tuesday – Middle Colonies (Ch4 Sect2) Wednesday – Southern Colonies (Ch4 Sect3) Thursday – Triangular Trade (Ch4 Sec4) Friday – Mercantilism v. Free Market Activity
Bell Work 1.Get your ipad, check to make sure you get the right number, and that the ipad is not damaged. 2.If you have Map Colors, make sure you have them today. 3.Talk with a shoulder partner. Figure out what were the first 2 representative governments in the 13 colonies and where they were located.
The Thirteen Colonies This chapter is about the formation of the thirteen colonies
The New England Colonies Massachusetts (Including what is now Maine) New Hampshire (Including what is now Vermont Rhode Island Connecticut
The Puritans The migration to the New England colonies was led by the Puritans. The Puritans were another religious group that came to the new world. They didn’t want to separate from the Church of England, they only wanted to reform it. After much persuasion, the puritans finally got their charter and headed off to Massachusetts to start a colony that was supposed to change the world.
Let’s Review 1.What do we call the most northern section of the 13 colonies? 2.The Puritans did not want to seperate from the Church of England, they only wanted to _______ it.
Two’s Company, 45,000’s a Crowd - Between 1629 and 1640, Massachusetts prospered. Some 15,000 people moved into the colony. - Life didn’t stay perfect for the people in Massachusetts. By 1670, more than 45,000 people had moved onto Wompanoag (a Native tribe) lands. The Chief of the Wompanoags, whose name was Metacom, Led raids on the English villages throughout New England.
Growing Democracy The puritans became increasingly democratic. At first, only investors in the Charter got to vote. Soon, though, voting rights were given to many more men. This led to the people having town meetings to vote on issues. This is another baby step toward representative government.
And You Thought Your Church Service was Long!! Puritans took Sunday, or the Sabbath very seriously. Many towns in New England had laws that forced people to go to church. Most times, church would last the entire day.
Thomas Hooker Founds Connecticut Thomas Hooker was kicked out by the Puritans because he believed that the government officials had too much power. He established a colony in Connecticut. They wrote the Fundamental Orders of Connecticut, which created a government similar to that of Massachusetts, except for two things. 1 st - All men who owned property were allowed to vote, not just those who were members of the church. 2 nd – It limited the governor’s powers
Let’s Review 1.What is representative government? 2.What was the representative government in Connecticut called that Thomas Hooker created?
Roger Williams and Rhode Island Roger Williams was a minister in Salem who believed that the Puritan church had too much power. He believed that the business of the church and the business of the government should be totally separate. He also believed in religious tolerance, meaning everyone should be able to worship how they wanted. Once he was kicked out, he fled to Rhode Island. His colony had separation of church and state. It also welcomed people of all religions: Protestants, Catholics and Jewish.
Anne Hutchinson Anne Hutchinson fled to Rhode Island as well. She was a devout Puritan who began holding meetings at her home where she would discuss the minister’s sermons. Puritan leaders did not like having a woman teaching others. When they questioned her, she admitted that God spoke directly to her, which went against Puritan teachings. She was asked to leave. She and her family were later killed by Indians.
Poor Farming New England land did not make for great farming, although the Indians were able to teach them how to grow corn, beans, and pumpkins. New England made their money in the forests. They cut down trees and made them into usable lumber. The people of New England also started a very successful whaling economy.
Let’s Review 1.What is one reason that the New England colonies did not make for good farming. 2.What are some things the New England colonies did to make money instead of farming?
Salem Witch Trials In January of 1692, Betty Parris and Abigail Williams) became ill. The Dr. diagnosed it as witch craft. The girls accused two women of being witches. They were joined by Tituba, the Parris’ slave, and their friends in accusing more and more people. 180 people were thrown in jail after being accused of witch craft. 19 of those were executed.
Puritan Decline - During the 1700’s, puritan traditions declined. Fewer people were coming to the new world for religious reasons. However, puritans will forever be remembered for stamping New England with their distinctive customs and their dream of a religious society.