2 26135/A/0001/En CCertificate No. INDDetermined to Lead
3 ABOUT GRAVITA… INDIA Established in the year 1992 Dedicated to Secondary Lead Metal since past 19 yearsOver 500 plus Lead Professionals placed globallyThe company is head quartered at Jaipur (India) with presently owing 9 recycling facilities spread over the four continents & Supplied 39 Plants all over the Globe.INDIA
4 OUR MAJOR BUSINESS VERTICALS… Turnkey ProjectsLead Recycling, Smelting and Refining Plants: End to End SolutionsProcess & Pollution control TechnologyTechnical Consultancy to establish Lead Battery Recycling ProjectsManufacturing OperationsLead Smelting, Refining, Alloying, Oxides (LSO, Red Lead & Litharge)International BusinessImport & Mercantile export of Lead Raw Materials &finished Products”Continuous R & D with Operational Excellence creates difference”
5 WHY LEAD RECYCLING…?Lead Battery Scrap is a Hazardous waste and unsafe disposal creates Environmental / Health problems.Careful Recycling is essential, beneficial & cost effective in comparison to its safe disposal cost.Secondary Production of Lead (Recycling) from Scrap results in less Solid Wastes, uses less energy & reduces the consumption of minerals resources compared to the Lead Production from Ores.
6 BATTERY RECYCLING CYCLE… Lead is the 5th most widely used Metal on earthLead has highest rate of recycling among all Ferrous & Non-Ferrous MetalsLead is only metal on earth which retains its 100% Chemical & Physical properties, irrespective of any number of recyclingWorldwide production of secondary Lead has increased substantially in the past decade.USED BATTERYEND USERNEW BATTERYACID FOR NEUTRALIZATIONPLASTICLEAD METAL IN GRIDSCalcium SulphatePLASTIC PELLETSLEAD INGOTSNEW COVERS & CASESNEW GRIDSLEAD OXIDES
7 TYPICAL COMPOSITION OF LEAD-ACID BATTERY SCRAP… Positive plate packElectrolyte-tight seaing ringValve adapter and valveGrid plateNegative polePositive cellconnectionPositive plateNegative cellconnectionNegative PlateNegativeplate packMicro porous separatorComponent by weightPercentMetallic Lead30Lead sulphates/oxides45Plastic7Acid15Residuals3TOTAL100
8 CONSUMPTION SEGMENTATION BATTERIESEmerging demand of UPSInvertorsPower systems in Telecomm, Automobile & Other fieldsROLLED AND EXTRUDED PRODUCTSPIGMENTS & CHEMICALSAMMUNITION & SHOTSMISCELLANEOUSALLOYSCABLE SHEATHING”The total Lead metal consumption in batteries has increased in the past decade whereas the use in paints has decreased”
9 STEPS INVOLVED IN ECO-FRIENDLY LEAD RECYCLING PROCESS Collection of whole wet BATTERIESSafe Storage of BatteriesBattery Cutting/Crushing & Separation of Lead bearing material & other component along with Neutralization of Acid/ElectrolyteSmelting in Closed compact Furnace with Effective Pollution Control EquipmentsHighly Efficient Refining ProcessEffective control of the fumes & gases generated during operation of furnacesProper treatment of wet & solid effluents generated while pollution control
10 WHAT WE OFFER…Used Lead Acid Battery Recycling : An Environment Friendly Technology.Lead Refining & Lead Alloying : A Proven Technology.Lead Oxide Manufacturing : An Efficient Process & Plant for Litharge, Red Lead & Lead Sub-Oxide (Grey Oxide).Training of Personnel for Smelting, Lead Refining / Alloying Techniques & Processes.
11 OUR INVOLVEMENT… Plant Layout Structural Designing Engineering of Plant & MachinerySupply of complete Plant With Technical Know-HowErection supervision at your siteCommissioning of plant with training of personals
12 COMPONENTS OF LEAD RECYCLING… Battery Cutting Machine & PP CrusherOR Battery Crushing & Hydro separation UnitAcid Draining/Acid Neutralization SystemSmelting Furnace – Rotary TypeComplete Pollution Control EquipmentsRefining /Alloying FurnaceFugitive Emission Control SystemIngot Casting Machine
14 REFINED LEAD / PURE LEAD…* Elements Composition in %Antimony (Sb)0.001% (max)Arsenic (As)Tin (Sn)Copper (Cu)Bismuth (Bi)0.025% (max)Iron (Fe)Nickel (Ni)Silver (Ag)0.003% (max)Zinc (Zn)Calcium (Ca)0.0005% (max)Sulphur (S)Aluminum (Al)Lead (Pb)99.970% (min)* Typical composition as per LME standards
15 ENVIRONMENT… Most critical part of ‘Lead Recycling Operation’ is of Air Pollution ControlLead Recycling Plants should bespecifically designed to meet specificnorms of particular country’s guide-lineAll Environmental Standards, Which hasserious concern in Lead SmeltingOperations are:Ambient Air StandardStack Emission StandardEffluent Discharge StandardSolid Waste Disposal LimitsNoise LevelsOccupational Exposure of work force
16 TREATMENT SYSTEMS…The effective Pollution Control Equipments consist of thefollowing : Dust Collector Cyclone Cooling Tower Bag House Wet-Scrubber Chimney16
17 SUMMERY …Lead Acid Battery Scrap Recycling is essential for mankind as well as for Industry survivalRecent technological deployments made Lead Battery Scrap Recycling Operations as Environment-friendly“Increasing Environmental Awareness makes this operation more professional & technical, which finally leads to highly economic viability”