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FIGURE 13-1 Amplification and reproduction: (a) reproduction; (b) amplification; (c) combined amplification and reproduction. Dale R. Patrick Electricity.

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Presentation on theme: "FIGURE 13-1 Amplification and reproduction: (a) reproduction; (b) amplification; (c) combined amplification and reproduction. Dale R. Patrick Electricity."— Presentation transcript:

1 FIGURE 13-1 Amplification and reproduction: (a) reproduction; (b) amplification; (c) combined amplification and reproduction. Dale R. Patrick Electricity and Electronics: A Survey, 5e Copyright ©2002 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved.

2 FIGURE 13-2 Basic bipolar amplifier. Dale R. Patrick Electricity and Electronics: A Survey, 5e Copyright ©2002 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved.

3 FIGURE 13-3 Static operating condition of a basic amplifier. Dale R. Patrick Electricity and Electronics: A Survey, 5e Copyright ©2002 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved.

4 FIGURE 13-4 Amplifier with ac signal applied. Dale R. Patrick Electricity and Electronics: A Survey, 5e Copyright ©2002 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved.

5 FIGURE 13-5 IB and VBE conditions: (a) static; (b) dynamic. Dale R. Patrick Electricity and Electronics: A Survey, 5e Copyright ©2002 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved.

6 FIGURE 13-6 Ac amplifier operation. Dale R. Patrick Electricity and Electronics: A Survey, 5e Copyright ©2002 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved.

7 FIGURE 13-7 Methods of beta-dependent biasing: (a) fixed biasing; (b) self-basing; (c) fixed-emitter biasing; (d) self-emitter biasing. Dale R. Patrick Electricity and Electronics: A Survey, 5e Copyright ©2002 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved.

8 FIGURE 13-7 continued Methods of beta-dependent biasing: (a) fixed biasing; (b) self-basing; (c) fixed-emitter biasing; (d) self-emitter biasing. Dale R. Patrick Electricity and Electronics: A Survey, 5e Copyright ©2002 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved.

9 FIGURE 13-8 Independent beta biasing: (a)divider base; (b) divider base with split. Dale R. Patrick Electricity and Electronics: A Survey, 5e Copyright ©2002 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved.

10 FIGURE 13-8 continued Independent beta biasing: (a)divider base; (b) divider base with split. Dale R. Patrick Electricity and Electronics: A Survey, 5e Copyright ©2002 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved.

11 FIGURE 13-9 (a) Circuit and (b) characteristic curves of a circuit to be analyzed. Dale R. Patrick Electricity and Electronics: A Survey, 5e Copyright ©2002 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved.

12 FIGURE Family characteristic curves for Fig for locating the Q point. Dale R. Patrick Electricity and Electronics: A Survey, 5e Copyright ©2002 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved.

13 FIGURE Dynamic load line: (a) circuit; (b) characteristic curves. Dale R. Patrick Electricity and Electronics: A Survey, 5e Copyright ©2002 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved.

14 FIGURE Amplifier operation: (a) linear operation; (b) operation near saturation; (c) operation near cutoff. Dale R. Patrick Electricity and Electronics: A Survey, 5e Copyright ©2002 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved.

15 FIGURE Overdriven amplifier. Dale R. Patrick Electricity and Electronics: A Survey, 5e Copyright ©2002 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved.

16 FIGURE Classes of amplification: (a) class A; (b) class B; (c) class C. Dale R. Patrick Electricity and Electronics: A Survey, 5e Copyright ©2002 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved.

17 FIGURE continued Classes of amplification: (a) class A; (b) class B; (c) class C. Dale R. Patrick Electricity and Electronics: A Survey, 5e Copyright ©2002 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved.

18 FIGURE continued Classes of amplification: (a) class A; (b) class B; (c) class C. Dale R. Patrick Electricity and Electronics: A Survey, 5e Copyright ©2002 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved.

19 FIGURE Common-emitter amplifier. Dale R. Patrick Electricity and Electronics: A Survey, 5e Copyright ©2002 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved.

20 FIGURE Common-base amplifier. Dale R. Patrick Electricity and Electronics: A Survey, 5e Copyright ©2002 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved.

21 FIGURE Common-collector amplifier. Dale R. Patrick Electricity and Electronics: A Survey, 5e Copyright ©2002 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved.

22 FIGURE FET operational voltages: (a) N-channel JFET; (b) P-channel JFET; (c) N-channel D-MOSFET; (d)P-channel D- MOSFET; (e) N-channel E-MOSFET; (f) P-channel E-MOSFET. Dale R. Patrick Electricity and Electronics: A Survey, 5e Copyright ©2002 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved.

23 FIGURE continued FET operational voltages: (a) N-channel JFET; (b) P-channel JFET; (c) N-channel D-MOSFET; (d)P-channel D-MOSFET; (e) N-channel E-MOSFET; (f) P-channel E-MOSFET. Dale R. Patrick Electricity and Electronics: A Survey, 5e Copyright ©2002 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved.

24 FIGURE continued FET operational voltages: (a) N-channel JFET; (b) P-channel JFET; (c) N-channel D-MOSFET; (d)P-channel D-MOSFET; (e) N-channel E-MOSFET; (f) P-channel E-MOSFET. Dale R. Patrick Electricity and Electronics: A Survey, 5e Copyright ©2002 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved.

25 FIGURE Common-source N-channel JFET amplifier. Dale R. Patrick Electricity and Electronics: A Survey, 5e Copyright ©2002 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved.

26 FIGURE Family of drain curves. Dale R. Patrick Electricity and Electronics: A Survey, 5e Copyright ©2002 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved.

27 FIGURE JFET amplifier: (a) N-channel amplifier; (b) drain family of curves. Dale R. Patrick Electricity and Electronics: A Survey, 5e Copyright ©2002 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved.

28 FIGURE Method of fixed biasing: (a) N-channel JFET; (b) N-channel D-type MOSFET; (c) N-channel E-type MOSFET. Dale R. Patrick Electricity and Electronics: A Survey, 5e Copyright ©2002 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved.

29 FIGURE Fixed bias of an N-channel E-type MOSFET. Dale R. Patrick Electricity and Electronics: A Survey, 5e Copyright ©2002 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved.

30 FIGURE Voltage-divider method of biasing for E-MOSFETs: (a) N-channel; (b) P-channel. Dale R. Patrick Electricity and Electronics: A Survey, 5e Copyright ©2002 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved.

31 FIGURE Self-biasing of JFETs: (a) N-channel; (b) P-channel. Dale R. Patrick Electricity and Electronics: A Survey, 5e Copyright ©2002 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved.

32 FIGURE Common-source JFET amplifier. Dale R. Patrick Electricity and Electronics: A Survey, 5e Copyright ©2002 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved.

33 FIGURE Common-gate JFET amplifier. Dale R. Patrick Electricity and Electronics: A Survey, 5e Copyright ©2002 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved.

34 FIGURE Common-drain JFET amplifier. Dale R. Patrick Electricity and Electronics: A Survey, 5e Copyright ©2002 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved.

35 FIGURE Operational amplifier data sheet. (Courtesy of National Semiconductor Corp.) Dale R. Patrick Electricity and Electronics: A Survey, 5e Copyright ©2002 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved.

36 FIGURE Integrated-circuit amplifier packages: (a) 10-terminal round; (b) flat pack; (c) 14-terminal DIP. Dale R. Patrick Electricity and Electronics: A Survey, 5e Copyright ©2002 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. (a)

37 FIGURE continued Integrated-circuit amplifier packages: (a) 10-terminal round; (b) flat pack; (c) 14-terminal DIP. Dale R. Patrick Electricity and Electronics: A Survey, 5e Copyright ©2002 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. (b)

38 FIGURE continued Integrated-circuit amplifier packages: (a) 10-terminal round; (b) flat pack; (c) 14-terminal DIP. Dale R. Patrick Electricity and Electronics: A Survey, 5e Copyright ©2002 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. (c)

39 FIGURE Transistor difference amplifier. Dale R. Patrick Electricity and Electronics: A Survey, 5e Copyright ©2002 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved.

40 FIGURE Op-amp connected for open-loop gain. Dale R. Patrick Electricity and Electronics: A Survey, 5e Copyright ©2002 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved.

41 FIGURE Closed-loop op-amp simplification: (a) noninverting amplifier; (b) inverting amplifier. Dale R. Patrick Electricity and Electronics: A Survey, 5e Copyright ©2002 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved.

42 FIGURE continued Closed-loop op-amp simplification: (a) noninverting amplifier; (b) inverting amplifier. Dale R. Patrick Electricity and Electronics: A Survey, 5e Copyright ©2002 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved.

43 FIGURE Noninverting op-amp circuit. Dale R. Patrick Electricity and Electronics: A Survey, 5e Copyright ©2002 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved.

44 FIGURE Inverting op-amp circuit. Dale R. Patrick Electricity and Electronics: A Survey, 5e Copyright ©2002 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved.


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