2 Medieval Times: Feudalism / Manorialism Feudalism – Class system based on land ownership (COMPARE: British Feudalism with Japanese Feudalism)Manorialism – Economic System based on a lord owning the land and everyone else working it for the good of the manor (like a southern plantation)Black Plague = Death of many Europeans due to unsanitary conditions and lack of medical knowledge (population decreased)
3 Feudalism – Class system based on land ownership (COMPARE: British Feudalism with Japanese Feudalism)British FeudalismJapanese FeudalismNobles
4 Manorialism = Economy based on self-sufficient Manors & Plantations
6 REGENTS REVIEW QUESTIONS 1. What social system was based on land ownership?2. Why did people during the Feudal Era place so much value on Land Ownership? (hint: think about what made someone wealthy)3. Draw a European style social pyramid from the Feudal era4. What was the economic system that developed due to the land being owned by Kings and Lords?5. List FIVE things that you would find on a Manor that made the manor self-sufficient with regards to food and shelter.6. From where did the Black Plague come from? How was the Black Plague spread ?
7 China’s Dynastic Cycle Dynasties: Ming/Tang/SongOverland Trade routesBrought Chinese culture to Japan = Cultural DiffusionArt + Science + InventionMiddle Kingdom = EthnocentrismCOMPARE: Divine Right of Kings (Britain) to Mandate of Heaven (China)
8 Dynasties: Ming/Tang/Song Mandate of Heaven = God Gives Family Power to Rule(similar to Divine Right of Kings)
10 REGENTS REVIEW QUESTIONS 1. Where did Chinese royal families believe they got their power from?2. What types of problems led to Chinese Royal Families losing their mandate of heaven?3. Describe what geographic areas the Silk Road extended across.4. List 4 items traded for along the silk road
11 Japanese Isolation- Tokugawa Shogunite The Tokugawa Shogunite = FeudalismIsolate Japan = Shogun can keep powerLand owners remain most powerful social groupJapan falls VERY far behind as rest of world developsJapanese Samurai similar to European KnightSamurai followed Code of Bushido/Knights followed Code of ChivalryStressed Honor, Loyalty and Proper Respect for Lords
14 REGENTS REVIEW QUESTIONS 1. Why was Japan isolated under the Tokugawa Shogun?2. Explain the similarities between the Japanese Feudal system and the European Feudal system.3. Describe the similarities between the Samurai’s Code of Bushido and the English Knight’s Chivalry
15 Magna Carta / Glorious Revolution Limited the power of the Monarch (king)Parliament becomes more important = people have greater say because of elected officialsHenry VIII and King James IIProtestant Church becomes “Church of England”
16 Magna Carta (1215) = King had to follow the law; limited his power
17 Glorious Revolution: 1. Limited the power of the Monarch (king) 2 Glorious Revolution: Limited the power of the Monarch (king) 2. Power to Parliament
18 Modern Effect of Magana Carta/Glor. Rev. Who has the power of British laws and policy making?QUEENPrime Minister Brown
19 REGENTS REVIEW QUESTIONS 1. What was the purpose of the Magna Carta?How were the Glorious Revolution and the Magna Carta similar in purpose?3. Who holds the modern day political power in England? What is the modern role of the Queen and King of England?