6Why was the Magna Carta important? It approved money for wars in France.b.It asserted that the monarch must obey the law.c.It allowed the monarch to abolish Parliament.d.It limited the power of the pope.
7b.It asserted that the monarch must obey the law.
8Which of the following was a result of the plague in Europe? economic declinec.the rebirth of Christianityb.political reformd.the Hundred Years’ War
10Which of the following was a result of the Crusades? permanent conquest of the Holy Land by Christiansb.religious tolerance in Western Europec.increased trade in Western Europed.the reunification of the Roman and Byzantine churches
11A key feature of Gothic architecture is towers.c.flying buttresses.b.tiny windows.d.low, heavy roofs.
13Why is Joan of Arc remembered? She led a peasant uprising that ended feudalism.b.She led the French to victories against the English in the Hundred Years’ War.c.She led English troops in the Hundred Years’ War.d.She drove the English from Calais.
14b.She led the French to victories against the English in the Hundred Years’ War.
17Describe Mongol rule in China during the Yuan Dyansty.
18Kuibilai Khan brought peace and order to China after disunity following Song Dynasty. increased contact between China and the western world. increased tradeDespite their reputation for brutality in conquest tolerant and effectiveconditions for women improved (stopped footbinding)
19Describe some of the advances and setbacks to trade during the Ming Dynasty.
20Ming rulers promoted trade with Southeast Asia and India through the voyages of Zheng He. Chinese junks were much larger than Euro ships, and had cannons loaded with gunpowder.Despite having valuable trade commodities such as silk, tea, spices, and porcelain, the Chinese limited foreign trade after the voyages for Zheng He.Despite the technological advances (junks, gunpowder), China’s isolationism inhibited exploration and trade.
21Define feudalism. Explain the similarities and differences between Japanese and European feudalism.
22A political, economic, and social system based on loyalty, the holding of land, and military service.Compare Code of Bushido (Japan) to Code of Chivalry (Europe).Compare feudal hierarchy: (Japan) Shogun>Daimyo>Samurai>Peasant. (Europe) King>Lord>Knight>Peasant.
24Magna Carta-Guaranteed rights to English nobility in limiting the power of King John. Nobility wins the right to form a Parliament - Will become a representative law-making body that governs in conjunction with the monarch
25What does the word “Renaissance” mean. Explain What does the word “Renaissance” mean? Explain. Where did it start and why?
26Rebirth. Revival of Greco-Roman art, culture, and learning after Medieval “Dark Ages.” Begins in Italy, b/c they were center of trade (Venice), and recovered from plague more quickly. Also had access to ruins of Roman cilization.
27Who invented to printing press in Euopre Who invented to printing press in Euopre. Why was the printing press so significant?
28Johannes Gutenberg.• The Gutenberg printing press made mass production of books possible.• More books= more readers= more learning. Revolutionized learning & dissemination of ideas.
29What was Martin Luther protesting when he started the Protestant Reformation? Describe two key points in his 95 Theses.
30Corruption in the Catholic Church, such as the selling of indulgences. Bible is ultimate religious authority, not the Pope. Salvation can be achieved through faith alone.
31What was purpose of the Crusades, and what was the outcome?
32Purpose: Christians sought to defend the Holy Land (Jerusalem) against the Muslims. Both religions wanted to spread and protect their lands.Jerusalem fell back to the Muslims. Muslims driven out of Spain. Europe remaiend Christian. People exposed to new ideas trade- insiration for the Renaissance.
33Why is the Medieval period in Europe often described at the “Dark Ages
34Bubonic plague- 1/3 of Europe dies. No major scientific advances- maintain geocentric theory of Greco-Roman times.Education mainly limited to monastic commmunity.Gothic Cathedrals are artistic breakthrough, but relatively few artistic advances apart from this.
35Explain the role of the Catholic Church in Medieval in Renaissance Europe.
36Medieval: Monks/nuns translated and copied Bibles, Greeek/Latin books Medieval: Monks/nuns translated and copied Bibles, Greeek/Latin books. Preserved history and knowledge. Cared for sick and the poor.Renaissance: Important patron of Renaissance art. Popes commissioned artists like Michelangelo to produce Christian art.