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The Five Themes of Geography  Created to study the earth and all it’s inhabitants.

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Presentation on theme: "The Five Themes of Geography  Created to study the earth and all it’s inhabitants."— Presentation transcript:



3 The Five Themes of Geography  Created to study the earth and all it’s inhabitants.

4 The Five Themes of Geography  Location  Place  Human Environment Interaction (HEI)  Momentum and Movement  Region

5 Location “How do I get there?” ◦Two types of location  Absolute (tells exactly where something is)  Relative (tells where something is near).

6 Location John uses a map to find out where his hotel is located. He has a map and the address. Which type of location is he using?

7 Location Jane lives by the rice fields. What type of location are we referring to?

8 “What is it like there?” Describes an area by it’s unique features. What makes this place different from other places? Can include: climate, physical features, who lives there

9 Describe what you see in this picture.

10  “How do the people relate to the land?”  Can be good or bad  How the environment effects people or how the people effects the environment


12  “How do people, goods, and ideas move from place to place?”  Trade  Migrations  Conquests

13  Technology has changed the face of our movements and interactions!!!

14 Regions “What features unify a particular area on the globe?”  Geographers create regions  Usually based on land features or human features

15 Regions Can you think of any regions that are based on human features?

16 Regions Can you think of any regions that are based on land features?

17 Other vocabulary you need to know Physical Characteristics: Natural features that describes a place Examples could be land and water forms, climate, plants and native animals. Human Characteristics: Characteristics of a place made by people who live there Examples include: Art, language, type of government, landmarks.

18 Geographers use imaginary lines called longitude and latitude to find exact locations on earth Pilots, ship captains, weather men, and many others use longitude and latitude in their daily affairs.

19 Longitude Lines that run from north to south on a globe Stated in terms of their relationship either east or west of the prime meridian Prime Meridian: line that runs from the North to South Pole through Greenwich, England

20 Latitude Lines that run from east to west on a globe. Stated in terms of their relationship either north or south of the equator Equator: Imaginary line that runs around the Earth half way between the North and South Poles

21 Cardinal Directions  The directions of North, South, East and West

22 Imaginary Grid

23 Class Practice Find the Continent: Use the maps at your table  1) 20 S, 140 E  2) 40 N, 80 E  3) 40 N, 100 W  4) 20 S, 60 W  5) 90 S, 0

24 Class Practice: Find the State: Use the map at your tabele  1) 35 N, 78 W  2) 40 N, 80 W  3) 40 N, 90 W  4) 30 N, 100 W  5) 45 N, 120 W

25  The two main types of maps are physical and political  Physical maps show an area in terms of land features like mountains, rivers, lakes, etc  Political maps show an area in terms of political boundaries such as; cities, states, countries, etc.  Geographers commonly combine the two types of maps into one


27  Culture is a learned system of shared beliefs and ways of doing things. ◦ All societies share: government, education, economic systems, and religious institutions. ◦ Ethnic groups and race also play a role in culture.  What are some traits of culture that you have in your life?

28  Symbols, languages, food, customs, holidays and dress differ between the many cultures of our world. ◦ Misunderstandings can occur and can be caused by the simplest of things.

29  All people have the same basic needs. ◦ Handled differently in different parts of the world.  History plays a role in shaping culture. ◦ Imperialism and Colonization  Environmental factors also shape culture. ◦ Physical features or climatic features


31 Population  There are over 6 billion people in the world today.  Why do you think that the world’s population has increased so dramatically in recent years?

32 Population  What problems do you think are associated with growing populations?

33 Economies Economics deals with the production, development, and management of material wealth of a country

34 Developed Countries Developed countries are countries with strong economies ◦ U.S.A., Japan, Canada, and most European Nations

35 Developing Countries Developing countries are generally poor countries with weak economies ◦ Sometimes called “Third-World” Countries

36 How can developed countries help developing countries? What do you think is the biggest factor that determines if a country is wealthy or not?


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