2Why Study Social Studies? Who cares about the past anyway?
3Why do you think it’s important to study Social Studies? OK, it’s time to think!!!!!Why do you think it’s important to study Social Studies?
4Reasons why Social Studies is important Cause it’s way cool
5Welcome to the World!!!!!We will learn about the world and many of its regions this year by studying its geography, history, economics, government, and culture.
6The World’s Culture Regions The world has seven culture regions:U.S. and CanadaLatin AmericaEurope and former U.S.S.R.North Africa and Southwest AsiaAfrica south of the SaharaSouth AsiaEast Asia, Australia, and the Pacific Islands
7Before we move on, can you name the continents? 7523146
8Europe Latin America Canada Australia & the Pacific Islands This year we will learn about the History, Geography, Government, Economics, and the Culture Of only 4 regions in the entire World!!!!Europe Latin America Canada Australia & the Pacific Islands
10What is Social Studies About? What I want to KnowWhat are the 5 fields of Social Studies?What is history?What is geography?Define government.Define economicsWhat I Know
11The Peoples of the World Getting Along with Each OtherKnowledge of other countries is the key to understanding themFive Fields of LearningSocial studies teaches about the world; The 5 fields of Social Studies include:GeographyHistoryEconomicsGovernmentCulture
17History and Geography What is it? History is a record of the pastthe past shapes the presentGeography is the study of people, places, and the environmentThe study of geography focuses on five themes:- location – where the place is- region – several countries with the same features- place – an area’s characteristics- movement – study of the migrations of people and animals- human-environment interaction – how people change and are changed by the Earth
18Government How do Countries Govern? Every country has laws—rules that govern behaviorGovernment makes and enforces lawsA Citizen is a legal member of a country with rights and dutiesLimited and Unlimited GovernmentsLimited—everyone obeys laws, including rulersUnlimited—rulers have absolute authority over everyone, everything
19EconomicsEconomics is the study of how people manage resources like moneyEconomists identify three types of resources:natural: gifts of nature like waterhuman: production skillscapital: goods and services produced
20CultureWays of LivingCulture—shared beliefs, customs, laws, art, ways of livingCulture traits—those specific things people share
21The Five Themes of Geography How do Geographers Think About the World?Geographers study five themes:- location- place- region- movement- human-environment interaction
22Location Location describes where a place is located Geographers locate places on Earth using system of imaginary lines:latitude—lines parallel to equator; show distance north and south of Equatorlongitude—lines between North and South Poles; show distance east and west of prime meridian
25Place An Area’s Distinguishing Characteristics Physical characteristics of an area include an area’s climate, landforms, bodies of water, plant and animal lifeHuman characteristics of an area include cities, towns, governments, cultural traditionsWhy might a place change?
30Region Common Characteristics A region is a group of places with common characteristicscommon physical featurescommon human characteristicsGeographers compare regions to understand differences and similaritiesWorld has ten natural regionsNatural region has unique climate; combination of plant, animal life
31Movement A Planet on the Move People, goods, ideas, plants, animals, and physical features move!Migrate—to move from one place and settle in anotherReasons for MovingPush factors make people leave home- poverty, overcrowding, lack of jobs, war, political oppressionPull factors draw people to an area- employment, education, rights, freedom, peace
32Human-Environment Interaction Earth is a unified systemhumans depend on, adapt to, and modify their environmentEnvironment influences human life- environmental influences can be harmful: hurricanes, earthquakesPeople interact with the environment through everything they doIn the past, how did people adapt their ways of life to the environment?
33Human-Environment Interaction AdaptationHumans often adapt their way of life to the local environmentlearn to fish near water; farm on fertile landbuild dwellings using local materialswear clothing suitable for local conditionsTechnology has lessened the need to adapt to local environments