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Chapter 12 The Color Line From Slavery to Freedom 9 th ed.
The Path to Disfranchisement Preventing Black Voting Legally Rise of the Conservative Democrats; sought a probusiness climate of order and stability Used a variety of means to prevent the black vote Poll taxes, literacy tests, complicated balloting processes, centralized election codes; gerrymandering Black Reappearance in Politics With black Republicanism gone, disputes between white classes appear Poor whites distrust Conservative Democrats © 2010 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 2
3 A rural black man “freely” exercises right to vote
The Path to Disfranchisement Economic depression caused farmers to organize against the New South proponents of business and industry Some short-lived instances of racial cooperation Readjuster Party: emphasized economic interests instead of racial differences The Radical Agrarian Movement Black and white farmers drifted together under radical agrarianism Colored Farmers’ National Alliance and Cooperative Union © 2010 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 4
The Path to Disfranchisement Led to creation of Populist Party, the political agency of the resurgent famers Sought to win black vote and secure black franchise Tom Watson Successful Coalitions Coalition of Populists and remnants of old Republican organizations had some success Able to open up voting to blacks in North Carolina in 1894 © 2010 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 5
The Path to Disfranchisement Complete Disfranchisement After collapse of agrarian revolt, both white factions agreed on the need to disfranchise black voters Disagreed on the methods of disfranchisement; many poor whites afraid they too would be disqualified Mississippi Plan Suffrage amendment with purpose of disfranchisement set precedent for several other states Poll tax, disqualification for convicts, required persons to read and understand state constitution South Carolina; “Pitchfork Ben” Tillman © 2010 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 6
7 Isaiah Montgomery
The Path to Disfranchisement The Black Response Bitterly denounced racist amendments; unable to garner white support Effective Disfranchisement By 1910, blacks effectively disfranchised in North Carolina, Alabama, Virginia, Georgia, and Oklahoma Back to Slavery “White primary” excluded blacks by party rules Blacks had no political clout © 2010 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 8
9 Black men fought unsuccessfully to defend themselves in the Wilmington, North Carolina, riot in November 1898
© 2010 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 10 Drawing, The Union as It Was, by Thomas Nast, Harper’s Weekly, October 24, 1874
Legalizing Segregation Plessy v. Ferguson 1895 Supreme Court case upheld segregation doctrine of “separate but equal” White Man’s Country “Insider” and “outsider” status based on racial identity sanctioned by legal process Public space considered white private property Segregated transportation evoked most notable challenges to Jim Crow © 2010 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 11
© 2010 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 12 Handwritten decision, Plessy v. Ferguson
Confronting the Urban Color Line Rapid growth of blacks in urban cities More economic and social opportunities; more prominent color line Employment and Unions Difficult for blacks to find jobs and join unions in cities Housing Difficulty finding housing exaggerated by segregation; created congestion © 2010 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 13
Confronting the Urban Color Line Transportation Introduction of Jim Crow streetcars brought on black boycotts and protests Black women played primary role © 2010 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 14
America’s Empire of Color The United States Expands U.S. imperialist ambitions focused on lands and resources of world’s darker-skinned peoples “Scramble for Africa” Hawaiian Islands and other small pacific islands The Caribbean U.S. increasingly interested in South America and Caribbean Cuba Sinking of the Maine © 2010 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 15
America’s Empire of Color The Spanish American War Some African Americans enlisted in the army; some vocal anti-imperialists Blacks troops treated poorly during the war but had much success in battle Reinforced the Rough Riders Garrison Duty and Pacific Services U.S. citizens not entirely in favor of arming African Americans or having them serve as troops of occupation © 2010 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 16
© 2010 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 17 The Tenth Cavalry
America’s Empire of Color The United States as a Great Power U.S. victory over Spain established it as a world power Treaty of Paris gave the U.S. Cuba, Puerto Rico, Spain’s other West Indies islands, and the Philippines Puerto Rico U.S. had to pursue an imperial policy that would not upset racial balance at home Puerto Rican government carefully supervised by Congress; officials appointed by U.S. president © 2010 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 18
America’s Empire of Color The Virgin Islands U.S. purchased Danish West Indies in 1917 for their strategic and military importance Haiti African American ministers went to Haiti with hopes of extending American influence Liberia American ministers sought to develop the commercial and economic life of the country © 2010 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 19
The Pattern of Violence Lynch Law Racial violence continued into the new century; lynching an important part of punishment in the U.S. Race Riots Epidemic of race riots swept the country The Atlanta Riot White newspapers intensified fear and hatred of blacks; violence and rioting erupted © 2010 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 20
© 2010 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 21 Lynching
The Pattern of Violence Brownsville Texas Riot involving some members of black Twenty- Fifth Regiment President Roosevelt dismissed entire battalion Roosevelt criticized for not giving members a full and fair trial 1909 act of Congress provided for a court of inquiry Violence in the North Hostility and violence toward blacks also grew in the North © 2010 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 22
The Pattern of Violence The Springfield Riot Black man falsely accused of beating and raping a white woman Mob began to destroy African American businesses; lynched African American man Militia was called in to restore order © 2010 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 23
Chapter 6 Section 5. Sharecroppers After Reconstruction, many African Americans were very poor and lived under great hardship. Most were sharecroppers,
UNITED STATES HISTORY AND THE CONSTITUTION South Carolina Standard USHC-3.4.
1. The doctrine of separate but equal was the result of which court case? Plessy v. Ferguson.
The Civil Rights Movement: American Government and Citizenship at Work.
The New South, Social Changes (Social Segregation)
Georgia Studies Unit 5: The New South Lesson 2: Social and Political Change Study Presentation.
Race Relations in the Gilded Age. Resistance and Repression After Reconstruction, most African Americans were sharecroppers Many of them joined the Populist.
The Rise of Segregation. In the late 1800s, Southern states passed laws that denied African Americans the right to vote and imposed segregation on them.
Reconstruction Era Lincoln’s 10% Plan (presented in 1863) Treat South with compassion 10% of voters in states swear loyalty to the Union Offered.
Resistance and Repression Click the mouse button to display the information. After Reconstruction, most African Americans were sharecroppers, or landless.
Compromise of 1877: AKA the Hayes-Tilden deal America has to deal with Southern redemption Republicans controlled the electoral commission, and gave election.
Essential Question Essential Question: – What were the success & failures of federal attempts to reconstruct the Union after the Civil War ( )?
The New South/Segregation The Compromise of 1877 : opened door to denial of black citizenship 1890s - early 1900s: -> increased lynchings ->
RECONSTRUCTION RECONSTRUCTION The period in U.S. history which followed the Civil War, during which the Confederate states were restored to.
CH7-9 Review. Populist- political movement of late 1800’s that worked for an end to government corruption, government ownership of RR, free coinage.
Chapter 25 Section 1 The Cold War BeginsSegregation and Social Tensions Section 1 Assess how whites created a segregated society in the South and how African.
U.S. History Unit 6 Review. What Do You Know? 1. What led to the development of cities like Chicago? railroads or telegraphs 1. What led to the development.
EFFECTS OF SEGREGATION. History: Quick Review Civil War ended slavery Reconstruction Freedoms taken away African Americans faced discrimination.
TEKS 8C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas. Segregation and Discrimination.
Disenfranchisement, Jim Crow, and Plessy v Ferguson.
Which group was created in late 1865 to resist Reconstruction efforts in the South? A) the Ku Klux Klan B) the Scalawags C) the White Knights D) the Knights.
Chapter 16 Politics and Reform Section 3 The Rise of Segregation.
Ch. 16 IDs. 1.) Spoils System When – Act in which elected politicians give government jobs to friends and supporters Significance – Causes corruption.
The Populist Movement. Agriculture and Depression in South Carolina roots of the Populist movement were established as a result of these worsening economic.
Effect on DemocracyEffect on Democracy Reconstruction expanded democracy while the federal government protected the rights of African Americans When.
THIS IS With Host... Your Reconstruction Plans Constitutional Amendments Southern Life Civil Rights Denied.
Discrimination against African Americans History of Racism Racism existed in the US before slavery Led to slavery Grew after slavery ended.
Chapter 15 Political and Social Change in the New South Georgia Studies Wilson.
S EGREGATION AND D ISCRIMINATION. C ONCEPTS TO R EMEMBER Post Reconstruction era to the turn of the century African Americans began to exercise.
After the Civil War… In the years right after the Civil War, freedmen (former slaves) were able to vote and participate in government, thanks to the.
Chapter 13: Reconstruction and the New South ( ) Section 4: The New South Better than the old??
The United States from 1877 to 1914 Progressivism: For whites only Many progressives were racists Supported progressive reforms at the same time that they.
Chapter 4 Civil rights. The Civil Rights Struggle: After the Civil War, African Americans routinely faced discrimination, or unfair treatment based on.
Chapter Segregation. Republicans Break the power of the wealthy planters Make sure African Americans rights were protected WARM-UP Who dominated.
Reconstruction and the Changing South U.S. History Chapter 18.
HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT 1 Chapter 13 RECONSTRUCTION AND THE NEW SOUTH Section 1: Presidential Reconstruction Section 2: Congressional.
THE NEW SOUTH Chapter 13, Section 4. Review Rutherford B. Hayes has just been elected President of the U.S. Because the election was close, Democrats.
Race and Prejudice in the New South period: “Jim Crow” THE VOTE: JIM CROW: THE ATLANTA RACE RIOT OF 1906: DEFINE KEY TERMS: 1.Disfranchise 2. primary election.
Civil Rights Movement Explain, describe and identify key events in the Civil Rights Movement.
Civil War Notes All significant information from the Civil War will be in the web quest and stations activities completed in class. No extra notes on the.
The Rise of Segregation Chapter 6 Section 5. Exodusters African American migrants to Kansas Led by Benjamin “Pap” Singleton Why did they go?
13 th Amendment- Freed the slaves 14 th Amendment- Due Process; everyone equal before the law and entitled to same rights 15 th Amendment- Universal.
The End of Reconstruction Two-Column Note Activity.
Georgia and the American Experience Chapter 10: The Progressive Era ©2005 Clairmont Press.
Segregation and Discrimination Mr. White’s US History 1.
The Slave Ship by J. M. W. Turner. THE AMERICAN CIVIL WAR AND EMANCIPATION In 1863, during the American Civil War ( ), Lincoln issued the Emancipation.
Reconstruction in the South Section 3 Chapter 17.
Reconstruction Freedman’s Bureau took 1 st steps Created by Lincoln during the war Help newly freed adjust to new lives.
The World of Jim Crow. Post Civil War Reconstruction Whites in South feared freed blacks (afraid of black majority rule), responded with strong oppression.
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