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CHAPTER ESSENTIALS OF A&P FOR EMERGENCY CARE Copyright ©2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Essentials of A&P for Emergency Care Bruce.

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Presentation on theme: "CHAPTER ESSENTIALS OF A&P FOR EMERGENCY CARE Copyright ©2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Essentials of A&P for Emergency Care Bruce."— Presentation transcript:

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2 CHAPTER ESSENTIALS OF A&P FOR EMERGENCY CARE Copyright ©2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Essentials of A&P for Emergency Care Bruce J. Colbert Jeff Ankney Karen T. Lee Bryan E. Bledsoe Introduction to Anatomy and Physiology 1

3 Copyright ©2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Essentials of A&P for Emergency Care Bruce J. Colbert Jeff Ankney Karen T. Lee Bryan E. Bledsoe Multimedia Asset Directory Slide 24Medical Specialties Video Slide 32Vital Signs Video Slide 45Medical Assisting Video Slide 46Health Information Management Video Slide 47Medical Transcription Video

4 Copyright ©2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Essentials of A&P for Emergency Care Bruce J. Colbert Jeff Ankney Karen T. Lee Bryan E. Bledsoe Introduction Health professionals speak a foreign language called medical terminology. This chapter will lay the foundation for learning this new language. Future chapters will build upon the foundation that begins here, so at journeys end you will not only understand anatomy and physiology, but be fluent in the language.

5 Copyright ©2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Essentials of A&P for Emergency Care Bruce J. Colbert Jeff Ankney Karen T. Lee Bryan E. Bledsoe Learning Objectives Understand the term anatomy and physiology and its various related areas. Construct and define medical terms using word roots, prefixes, and suffixes. Explain the concept and importance of homeostasis.

6 Copyright ©2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Essentials of A&P for Emergency Care Bruce J. Colbert Jeff Ankney Karen T. Lee Bryan E. Bledsoe Pronunciation Guide Click on the megaphone icon before each item to hear the pronunciation. anatomy (ah NA tom ee) diagnosis (dye ag NOH sis) etiology (ee tee ALL oh jee) homeostasis (hoh mee oh STAY sis) macroscopic anatomy (mak roh SCOP ic) metabolism (meh TAB oh lizm) microscopic anatomy (my kroh SCOP ic) pathology (path ALL oh jee) physiology (fiz ee ALL oh jee)

7 Copyright ©2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Essentials of A&P for Emergency Care Bruce J. Colbert Jeff Ankney Karen T. Lee Bryan E. Bledsoe Pronunciation Guide Click on the megaphone icon before each item to hear the pronunciation. prognosis (prog NOH sis) syndrome (SIN drohm)

8 Copyright ©2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Essentials of A&P for Emergency Care Bruce J. Colbert Jeff Ankney Karen T. Lee Bryan E. Bledsoe Anatomy Anatomy is the study of the internal and external structures of the human body. The human body is complex and amazing; to truly understand it you must know how it is put together. Anatomy is a Greek word meaning to cut apart. Specialties within the field of anatomy include microscopic anatomy and macroscopic (gross) anatomy.

9 Copyright ©2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Essentials of A&P for Emergency Care Bruce J. Colbert Jeff Ankney Karen T. Lee Bryan E. Bledsoe Microscopic Anatomy Specialized field of anatomy The study of structures that can only be seen and studied with magnification aids such as a microscope –The study of cellular structures is called cytology. –The study of tissue samples is called histology.

10 Copyright ©2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Essentials of A&P for Emergency Care Bruce J. Colbert Jeff Ankney Karen T. Lee Bryan E. Bledsoe Macroscopic Anatomy Also called gross anatomy The study of the structures of the body visible to the naked, or unaided, eye Examples include –The study of the skeletal system –Looking at an X-ray (radiology)

11 Copyright ©2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Essentials of A&P for Emergency Care Bruce J. Colbert Jeff Ankney Karen T. Lee Bryan E. Bledsoe Physiology Focuses on the function and vital processes of the various structures making up the human body Closely related to anatomy because it is the study of how an anatomical structure actually functions Deals with all the vital processes of life and is more complex, with more sub- specialties

12 Copyright ©2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Essentials of A&P for Emergency Care Bruce J. Colbert Jeff Ankney Karen T. Lee Bryan E. Bledsoe Subspecialties of Physiology Human physiology Animal physiology Cellular physiology Neurophysiology

13 Copyright ©2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Essentials of A&P for Emergency Care Bruce J. Colbert Jeff Ankney Karen T. Lee Bryan E. Bledsoe Putting It All Together Anatomy focuses on structures and how something is put together. Physiology is the study of how these different structures work together to make the body function as a whole. The design of the structure is often related to its function.

14 Copyright ©2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Essentials of A&P for Emergency Care Bruce J. Colbert Jeff Ankney Karen T. Lee Bryan E. Bledsoe Putting It All Together Human anatomy and physiology forms the foundation for all medical practice. Anything that upsets normal structure or function can be called pathology or pathophysiology.

15 Copyright ©2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Essentials of A&P for Emergency Care Bruce J. Colbert Jeff Ankney Karen T. Lee Bryan E. Bledsoe Figure 1–1 A. Normal red blood cells (RBCs) are flexible and donut shaped and move with ease through blood vessels.

16 Copyright ©2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Essentials of A&P for Emergency Care Bruce J. Colbert Jeff Ankney Karen T. Lee Bryan E. Bledsoe Figure 1–1 (continued) B. The anatomical distortion of the structure of RBCs in sickle cell anemia affects its normal function to carry oxygen. In addition, the sickle cells lose their ability to bend and pass through the small blood vessels, blocking blood flow.

17 Copyright ©2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Essentials of A&P for Emergency Care Bruce J. Colbert Jeff Ankney Karen T. Lee Bryan E. Bledsoe Medical Terminology The language of anatomy and physiology is primarily based on medical terminology. Learning medical terminology is easier if you understand the root terms, prefixes, and suffixes that can be put together to form a large variety of terms. Each medical term has a basic structure upon which to build, called a word root. Prefixes and suffixes are added to root words and can change or alter the meaning.

18 Copyright ©2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Essentials of A&P for Emergency Care Bruce J. Colbert Jeff Ankney Karen T. Lee Bryan E. Bledsoe Figure 1–2 How prefixes and suffixes can be combined with a word root to form many medical terms.

19 Copyright ©2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Essentials of A&P for Emergency Care Bruce J. Colbert Jeff Ankney Karen T. Lee Bryan E. Bledsoe

20 Copyright ©2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Essentials of A&P for Emergency Care Bruce J. Colbert Jeff Ankney Karen T. Lee Bryan E. Bledsoe

21 Copyright ©2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Essentials of A&P for Emergency Care Bruce J. Colbert Jeff Ankney Karen T. Lee Bryan E. Bledsoe

22 Copyright ©2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Essentials of A&P for Emergency Care Bruce J. Colbert Jeff Ankney Karen T. Lee Bryan E. Bledsoe Learning Hint If a suffix begins with a vowel, drop the vowel in the combining form. The medical definition indicates the last part of the term first, especially when suffixes are used. –Inflammation of the stomach is gastritis not itisgast and one who studies the stomach is a gastrologist, not an ologistgastro. When using prefixes, put the part in the order you say the definition. –Slow heart rate is bradycardia, not cardiabrady.

23 Copyright ©2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Essentials of A&P for Emergency Care Bruce J. Colbert Jeff Ankney Karen T. Lee Bryan E. Bledsoe Common Medical Abbreviations Extensively used in the medical profession Useful in simplifying long, complicated terms for diseases, diagnostic procedures, and therapies during charting You will learn more abbreviations with each chapter

24 Copyright ©2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Essentials of A&P for Emergency Care Bruce J. Colbert Jeff Ankney Karen T. Lee Bryan E. Bledsoe

25 Copyright ©2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Essentials of A&P for Emergency Care Bruce J. Colbert Jeff Ankney Karen T. Lee Bryan E. Bledsoe Click here to view a video on the topic of Medical Specialties.here Back to Directory

26 Copyright ©2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Essentials of A&P for Emergency Care Bruce J. Colbert Jeff Ankney Karen T. Lee Bryan E. Bledsoe The Metric System The metric system is the mathematical language of anatomy and physiology. Two major systems of measurements are used in the world today. –The United States Customary System (USCS) Used in the United States and Myanmar –The Système International (SI) Used everywhere else, especially in science, healthcare, and pharmaceuticals companies Also known as the metric system; based on the power of 10

27 Copyright ©2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Essentials of A&P for Emergency Care Bruce J. Colbert Jeff Ankney Karen T. Lee Bryan E. Bledsoe The United States Customary System (USCS) Based on the British Imperial System Different designations for length, weight, and volume –Volume in ounces, pints, quarts, gallons, pounds –Distances in inches, feet, yards, and miles –Weight in pounds, ounces, and tons Commonly called the English system Cumbersome to use because there is no common base, with no relationship between each unit

28 Copyright ©2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Essentials of A&P for Emergency Care Bruce J. Colbert Jeff Ankney Karen T. Lee Bryan E. Bledsoe Prehospital Documentation In EMS, proper documentation of patient findings and care provided is essential. Standard abbreviations are necessary so other health care providers will understand them. Many EMS systems have an approved list of standardized abbreviations that should be followed.

29 Copyright ©2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Essentials of A&P for Emergency Care Bruce J. Colbert Jeff Ankney Karen T. Lee Bryan E. Bledsoe Language of Disease Things can go wrong with the human body. Disease is a condition in which the body fails to function normally. The body works to make things function smoothly and maintain a balance known as homeostasis. Eating habits, smoking, inherited traits, trauma, cancer, environmental factors, and aging can alter this balance.

30 Copyright ©2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Essentials of A&P for Emergency Care Bruce J. Colbert Jeff Ankney Karen T. Lee Bryan E. Bledsoe Signs and Symptoms of Disease Signs are definitive, objective, obvious indicators of an illness. –Vital signs (temperature, pulse, respiration, and blood pressure) –Fever –Cough

31 Copyright ©2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Essentials of A&P for Emergency Care Bruce J. Colbert Jeff Ankney Karen T. Lee Bryan E. Bledsoe Figure 1–4 A health care professional taking a radial pulse and common pulse points.

32 Copyright ©2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Essentials of A&P for Emergency Care Bruce J. Colbert Jeff Ankney Karen T. Lee Bryan E. Bledsoe Signs and Symptoms of Disease Symptoms are more subjective and difficult to measure consistently. –Pain – tolerance to pain varies in different people A set of signs and symptoms that commonly occur with a specific disease process is called a syndrome.

33 Copyright ©2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Essentials of A&P for Emergency Care Bruce J. Colbert Jeff Ankney Karen T. Lee Bryan E. Bledsoe Click here to view a video on the topic of Vital Signs.here Back to Directory

34 Copyright ©2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Essentials of A&P for Emergency Care Bruce J. Colbert Jeff Ankney Karen T. Lee Bryan E. Bledsoe Diagnosis Diagnosis translates from the Greek as know through or completely. Discovering as many signs and symptoms as possible can aid in making a diagnosis. History and results of diagnostic testing are also required. Prognosis is the prediction of the outcome of a disease. Etiology is the cause of the disease.

35 Copyright ©2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Essentials of A&P for Emergency Care Bruce J. Colbert Jeff Ankney Karen T. Lee Bryan E. Bledsoe Clinical Application: Metabolic Syndrome or Syndrome X There is a disturbing new syndrome, affecting nearly one quarter of the United States adult population, known as Metabolic Syndrome or Syndrome X. Individuals who exhibit this syndrome are at an increased risk for a form of diabetes, heart attack, and/or stroke. This syndrome is the result of poor diet and lack of exercise.

36 Copyright ©2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Essentials of A&P for Emergency Care Bruce J. Colbert Jeff Ankney Karen T. Lee Bryan E. Bledsoe Metabolic Syndrome or Syndrome X People with this syndrome exhibit three of five common conditions: –High blood sugar levels (hyperglycemia) –High blood pressure (hypertension) –Abdominal obesity –High triglycerides –Low blood levels of HDL (good cholesterol)

37 Copyright ©2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Essentials of A&P for Emergency Care Bruce J. Colbert Jeff Ankney Karen T. Lee Bryan E. Bledsoe Amazing Facts: Bizarre Signs and Symptoms There are some strange signs and symptoms that are indications of disease. There are many others that arent listed here. –Generalized itching – Hodgkins disease –Sweating at night – Tuberculosis –A hunger for clay or starchy paste – Iron deficiency –Fruity smelling breath – Diabetes –Magenta colored tongue – Riboflavin deficiency

38 Copyright ©2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Essentials of A&P for Emergency Care Bruce J. Colbert Jeff Ankney Karen T. Lee Bryan E. Bledsoe Amazing Facts: Bizarre Signs and Symptoms There are some strange signs and symptoms that are indications of disease. There are many others that arent listed here. –Absence of moons on fingernails – Kidney disease –Hairy tongue – Results from improper usage of antibiotics –Spoon shaped fingernails – Iron deficiency –Brown linear streaks on fingernails – Melanoma

39 Copyright ©2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Essentials of A&P for Emergency Care Bruce J. Colbert Jeff Ankney Karen T. Lee Bryan E. Bledsoe Homeostasis Homeostasis is the physiological process that monitors and maintains a stable internal environment or equilibrium. Survival depends on our ability to maintain homeostasis. Homeostatic regulation refers to the adjustments made in the human organism to maintain a stable internal environment. –The thermostat in your home is an example of a homeostatic control.

40 Copyright ©2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Essentials of A&P for Emergency Care Bruce J. Colbert Jeff Ankney Karen T. Lee Bryan E. Bledsoe Negative Feedback Loop If the feedback opposes the stimulus, it is a negative feedback loop The hypothalamus in the brain uses a negative feedback loop to control body temperature and maintain homeostasis.

41 Copyright ©2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Essentials of A&P for Emergency Care Bruce J. Colbert Jeff Ankney Karen T. Lee Bryan E. Bledsoe Positive Feedback Positive feedback increases the magnitude of a change versus resisting change. This kind of a process is also known as a vicious cycle. This is not a way to regulate your body because it increases a change away from a set point. Often harmful if the cycle cannot be broken. An example is the recurrent contraction of the uterus during childbirth.

42 Copyright ©2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Essentials of A&P for Emergency Care Bruce J. Colbert Jeff Ankney Karen T. Lee Bryan E. Bledsoe FROM THE STREETS You respond to the scene of a patient who cut himself while peeling an apple. Upon arrival you find that the patients cut finger has clotted. This is an example of what type of feedback process?

43 Copyright ©2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Essentials of A&P for Emergency Care Bruce J. Colbert Jeff Ankney Karen T. Lee Bryan E. Bledsoe FROM THE STREETS You respond to the scene of a patient who cut himself while peeling an apple. Upon arrival you find that the patients cut finger has clotted. This is an example of what type of feedback process? Positive Feedback

44 Copyright ©2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Essentials of A&P for Emergency Care Bruce J. Colbert Jeff Ankney Karen T. Lee Bryan E. Bledsoe Figure 1–5 The homeostatic control of normal body temperature (37ºC or 98.6ºF).

45 Copyright ©2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Essentials of A&P for Emergency Care Bruce J. Colbert Jeff Ankney Karen T. Lee Bryan E. Bledsoe Figure 1–5 (continued) The homeostatic control of normal body temperature (37ºC or 98.6ºF).

46 Copyright ©2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Essentials of A&P for Emergency Care Bruce J. Colbert Jeff Ankney Karen T. Lee Bryan E. Bledsoe Click here to view a video on the topic of Medical Assisting.here Back to Directory

47 Copyright ©2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Essentials of A&P for Emergency Care Bruce J. Colbert Jeff Ankney Karen T. Lee Bryan E. Bledsoe Click here to view a video on the topic of Health Information Management.here Back to Directory

48 Copyright ©2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Essentials of A&P for Emergency Care Bruce J. Colbert Jeff Ankney Karen T. Lee Bryan E. Bledsoe Click here to view a video on the topic of Medical Transcription.here Back to Directory

49 Copyright ©2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Essentials of A&P for Emergency Care Bruce J. Colbert Jeff Ankney Karen T. Lee Bryan E. Bledsoe Snapshots from the Journey Anatomy – study of the internal and external structures of the body; Physiology – study of function; Pathology – study of disease Medical terminology – language of medicine combining root words, prefixes, and suffixes Metric system – mathematical language of medicine based on the power of ten Homeostasis – the bodys attempt to maintain a balanced, or stable, environment; uses negative feedback

50 Copyright ©2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Essentials of A&P for Emergency Care Bruce J. Colbert Jeff Ankney Karen T. Lee Bryan E. Bledsoe Case Study A 66-year-old Asian male involved in a vehicular accident is taken to the ICU with SOB and abdominal pain. He has acrocyanosis, tachycardia, and a past medical history of cardiopathy. He weighs 150 pounds and is 5 feet 6 inches tall. His chest X-ray shows an enlarged heart. His facial injuries will require future rhinoplastic surgery. An electrocardiogram and lower GI series is ordered.

51 Copyright ©2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Essentials of A&P for Emergency Care Bruce J. Colbert Jeff Ankney Karen T. Lee Bryan E. Bledsoe Case Study Questions Where exactly in the hospital was the patient taken? Describe the patients color, heart rate, and breathing. What is the medical term for what the X- ray showed? What future facial surgery will be needed?

52 Copyright ©2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Essentials of A&P for Emergency Care Bruce J. Colbert Jeff Ankney Karen T. Lee Bryan E. Bledsoe FROM THE STREETS You are called to the home of 59 year-old male. According to his wife, he is not acting right. Upon your arrival you find him confused and check his blood glucose. Blood glucose= 49 mg/dl (normal range mg/dl). His wife states that she tried to get him to drink some orange juice, but he had difficulty swallowing. The wife describes that he has been NPO after midnight for a colonoscopy scheduled in the morning.

53 Copyright ©2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Essentials of A&P for Emergency Care Bruce J. Colbert Jeff Ankney Karen T. Lee Bryan E. Bledsoe From the Streets Questions What is the term that best describes his current diagnosis? What is the term that best describes his difficulty swallowing? What does the abbreviation NPO mean? Describe what is meant by the term colonoscopy.

54 Copyright ©2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Essentials of A&P for Emergency Care Bruce J. Colbert Jeff Ankney Karen T. Lee Bryan E. Bledsoe From the Streets Questions What is the term that best describes his current diagnosis? Hypoglycemia What is the term that best describes his difficulty swallowing? Dysphagia What does the abbreviation NPO mean? Nothing by mouth Describe what is meant by the term colonoscopy. A procedure/instrument that views the colon

55 Copyright ©2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Essentials of A&P for Emergency Care Bruce J. Colbert Jeff Ankney Karen T. Lee Bryan E. Bledsoe End of Chapter Review Questions 1.Which of the following is an example of microscopic anatomy? a.Viewing an x-ray b.Examining the shape of an organ during an autopsy c.Classifying a type of bacterial cell d.Watching how the pupils react to light

56 Copyright ©2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Essentials of A&P for Emergency Care Bruce J. Colbert Jeff Ankney Karen T. Lee Bryan E. Bledsoe End of Chapter Review Questions 2.Acromegaly means which of the following: a.A large stomach b.Enlarged extremities c.An inflamed stomach lining d.A large acrobat

57 Copyright ©2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Essentials of A&P for Emergency Care Bruce J. Colbert Jeff Ankney Karen T. Lee Bryan E. Bledsoe End of Chapter Review Questions 3.The process that prevents movement away from a normal set point is called a.positive feedback b.negative feedback c.vicious cycle d.control center

58 Copyright ©2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Essentials of A&P for Emergency Care Bruce J. Colbert Jeff Ankney Karen T. Lee Bryan E. Bledsoe End of Chapter Review Questions 4.In the medical field, science, engineering and pharmaceutical industries volume is measured in a.kilograms b.liters c.meters d.gallons

59 Copyright ©2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Essentials of A&P for Emergency Care Bruce J. Colbert Jeff Ankney Karen T. Lee Bryan E. Bledsoe End of Chapter Review Questions 5.The cause of a disease is referred to as the: a.Prognosis b.Diagnosis c.Pathology d.Etiology

60 Copyright ©2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Essentials of A&P for Emergency Care Bruce J. Colbert Jeff Ankney Karen T. Lee Bryan E. Bledsoe End of Chapter Review Questions 6.Which of the following is a sign? a.Nausea b.Fever c.Dizziness d.Fatigue

61 Copyright ©2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Essentials of A&P for Emergency Care Bruce J. Colbert Jeff Ankney Karen T. Lee Bryan E. Bledsoe End of Chapter Review Questions 7.A man reports to the emergency department with nausea and vomiting. He has a fever, and his pulse and blood pressure are elevated. After some tests, it is determined that he has the stomach flu. Which of the following is his prognosis? a.Rest and drink plenty of fluids b.A viral infection c.Youll be fine in a few days d.Nausea, vomiting, and fever

62 Copyright ©2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Essentials of A&P for Emergency Care Bruce J. Colbert Jeff Ankney Karen T. Lee Bryan E. Bledsoe End of Chapter Review Questions 1.Teds knee injury occurred at last nights football game. Today his doctor wants to make a small incision and use a device to look around the joint to assess the damage. What is the term for this device?____________ 2.__________ is the study of the structures of the body, and _____________ is the study of the function of these structures.

63 Copyright ©2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Essentials of A&P for Emergency Care Bruce J. Colbert Jeff Ankney Karen T. Lee Bryan E. Bledsoe End of Chapter Review Questions 3.Bob has just been told he has hepatomegaly. This means his _________ is enlarged. 4.Pulse and temperature represent two ____________ signs of the body. 5.Jill is badly injured in a car accident. She is bleeding badly. Her blood pressure is dropping rapidly. Her heart beats faster to try to raise her blood pressure, yet it keeps dropping due to blood loss. This is an example of _________.

64 Copyright ©2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Essentials of A&P for Emergency Care Bruce J. Colbert Jeff Ankney Karen T. Lee Bryan E. Bledsoe End of Chapter Review Questions 1.Explain the difference between diagnosis and prognosis. 2.Knowing that difficulty swallowing is called dysphagia, what do you think the function of a phagocyte is? 3.Contrast negative and positive feedback loops. 4.Describe one example of homeostasis in your body.

65 Copyright ©2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Essentials of A&P for Emergency Care Bruce J. Colbert Jeff Ankney Karen T. Lee Bryan E. Bledsoe End of Chapter Review Questions 5.After saving for 10 years for a ski trip to the Alps, Jose experienced a spectacular wipeout on the first run down the mountain. A broken leg is the diagnosis. List the symptoms, diagnosis, prognosis and treatment.


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