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EffShip Efficient Shipping with Low Emissions Bengt Ramne, ScandiNAOS AB.

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Presentation on theme: "EffShip Efficient Shipping with Low Emissions Bengt Ramne, ScandiNAOS AB."— Presentation transcript:

1 EffShip Efficient Shipping with Low Emissions Bengt Ramne, ScandiNAOS AB

2 EffShip – Efficient Shipping with low emissions The EffShip project is a research and development project partly funded by Vinnova in their program for “Environment innovations”. The projected started in December 2009 and runs for 40 months until March The EffShip project is based on the vision of a sustainable and successful maritime transport industry – one which is energy efficient and has minimal environmental impacts One of the main objectives of the project is to identify the best and most effective way for the shipping industry to comply with the upcoming regulations regarding emissions

3 EffShip – Efficient Shipping with low emissions Partners –SSPA –ScandiNAOS –Wärtsilä –S-MAN –DEC –Chalmers –StoraEnso –Göteborg Energi –Svenska Orient Linjen –Stena Rederi Funding –Vinnova 60%, Partners 40% Duration –Dec 2009 – March 2013

4 EffShip – Work packages WP1 Project Management WP2 Present and Future Maritime Fuels WP3 Exhaust Gas Cleaning WP4 Energy Efficiency and Heat Recovery WP5 Energy Transformers WP6 System Impact when Using Wind, Wave and Solar Energy WP7 Logistic system analysis WP8 Demonstration of Findings WP9 Final Reporting, Dissemination and Future Projects

5 EffShip – WP2 Present and Future Maritime Fuels

6 Sulphur levels Marine fuel in SECA area –0.1% = 1000 ppm Euro IV –Max 50 ppm Euro V, City diesel –Max 10 ppm

7 Sulphur levels Presented by Sören Eriksson Preem at EffShip seminar

8 EffShip – WP2 Present and Future Maritime Fuels HFO LSHFO ULSHFO MDO MGO LNG Biofuel DME Methanol Synthetic diesel

9 Where can we find alternatives to HFO?

10 EffShip – WP2 Present and Future Maritime Fuels LNG –From natural gas –Complicated distribution and storage system Methanol –From natural gas, biomass, hydration of H 2 and CO 2 –Conventional distribution and storage systems –Similar fuel characteristics as LNG DME –From natural gas, biomass, hydration of H 2 and CO 2 –Similar storage and system distribution as LPG –Better diesel fuel characteristics than methanol Gas to liquid, GTL –From natural gas –Multiple fraction fuel –More expensive to produce than methanol

11 EffShip – WP3 Exhaust Gas Cleaning SOx –Acidification, acid rain NOx –Contribute to smog and increased levels of ground-level ozone GHG –Contributes to global warming

12 EffShip – WP3 Emissions Data from Eyring et al. J Geophys Res 110 (2005) - Presented by Erik Fridell

13 SO 2 + 2NaOH -> Na 2 SO 3 + H 2 O

14 EffShip – WP4 Energy Efficiency and Heat Recovery Shaft power output 49.3% Lube oil cooler 4.3% Jacket water cooler 6.3% Exhaust gas 25.4% Air cooler 14.1% Heat radiation 0.6% Fuel energy content 100%

15 LO cool Jacket cooling out Air cooling HT out Thermal oil EGB Air cooling HT in Turbine Generator Condense r Evaporator Jacket cooling in Air cooling LT out Air cooling LT in Turbine Generator Condense r Evaporator Lube oil Central cooler ORC (Organic Rankine Cycle) ORC 1 ORC kW kW 10 MW LO COOLE R Air intake Compressed air Compressed and cooled air EffShip – WP5 Energy Transformers

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18 EffShip – WP6 System Impact when Using Wind, Wave and Solar Energy

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21 EffShip – WP7 Logistic system analysis Short seaDeep sea Roro Volumes Liner service – tramp Frequency Ship size Ship speed Route planning Contract size Contract conditions Demurrage Cargo handling speed Container Tank Bulk

22 EffShip – WP7 Order of relevance 1.Logistic system Utilization of ship 2.Selection of main parameters Capacity and speed 3.Cargo handling Time in port, speed at sea 4.Operation routines Speed profile, weather routing 5.Hull shape 6.Propeller size and propeller design 7.Main engine selection 8.Energy preservation and recovery

23 EffShip – WP8 Demonstration of Findings Findings from WP 2 to WP7 to be implemented in the design of DWT Short sea roro DWT Product tanker

24 EffShip Expected results –Identification and quantification of the best alternatives to HFO operation –Detailed knowledge of cost and complexity for the installation and retrofitting of the best alternatives for exhaust gas cleaning –Detailed mapping of actual energy use and saving potential in short sea and deep sea shipping operation –Detailed knowledge of cost and complexity for the installation and retrofitting of the and organic rankine cycle, ORC generator –Conceptual design and performance prediction of most promising wind assistance system

25 EffShip Expected spin off projects –The methanol alternative Large scale production for marine fuel Distribution system for marine fuel On board arrangement of tanks –Methanol to DME reformation Development of an online process –Methanol and DME operation Engine modifications Engine performance –Small scale flexible intermodal LNG transport and distribution system development of prototypes –SOx scrubber Installation of full scale prototype –ORC generator Installation of full scale prototype –Wind assistance system Conceptual design and performance prediction 1/5 scale prototype installation

26 EffShip EffShip projektet har som sin uttalade målsättning att konkret bidra till sjöfartens utveckling vad det gäller bästa möjliga energieffektivitet och minsta möjliga miljöpåverkan. Deltagarna i Effship: SSPA, ScandiNAOS, Wärtsilä, S-MAN, DEC, Chalmers Tekniska Högskola, StoraEnso, Göteborg Energi, Svenska Orient Linjen, Stena Rederi representerar de flesta sektorer inom sjöfarten. Bredden från design, akademi och underleverantörer via rederi till lastägare ger projektet en unik möjlighet att både ha helhetsperspektivet – bredden och detaljkompetensen – djupet, för att ta fram konkreta lösningar som för utvecklingen framåt.

27 Thank you

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30 Emission control area (SECA + NECA) Europe

31 Emission control area (SECA + NECA) Proposal for North America

32 Global energy use TWh

33 Global marine fuel oil consumption 4000 TWh or ton Sources: JRC reference report Regulating Air Emissions from Ships, The State of the Art on Methodologies,Technologies and Policy Options IMO 2009 expert estimate 2.8% of global energy use 3.5% of global fosil fuel use 8.5% of global oil use

34 EffShip – WP5 Energy Transformers

35 Marine fuel consumption, bio fuel production StoraEnso marine transport system –8 vessels – ton HFO per year, 1.2 TWh Total biofuel production in Sweden 2008 –4.4 TWh Gothenburg Biomass Gasification Project, GoBiGas –Planned production TWh Målet är att Sverige år 2030 ska ha en fordonsflotta som är oberoende av fossila bränslen.

36 PDF DWG EffShip – Energy Efficiency and Heat Recovery


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