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European Commission: European Cruise Council 2010 Conference Brussels 14 September 2010 Elena Višnar Malinovská European Commission.

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Presentation on theme: "European Commission: European Cruise Council 2010 Conference Brussels 14 September 2010 Elena Višnar Malinovská European Commission."— Presentation transcript:

1 European Commission: European Cruise Council 2010 Conference Brussels 14 September 2010 Elena Višnar Malinovská European Commission

2 European Commission: Cruise ship in Mediterranean

3 European Commission: Haze over Norwegian Fjord due to (cruise) ships

4 European Commission: Satellite image of ship tracks

5 European Commission: Contribution of ships to SOx 2020 IIASA 2007 Relative contribution ships to air pollution on land; 2020 scenario without amendment to MARPOL Annex VI (1.5% sulphur in SECA; assumed 2.7% sulphur outside SECAs) Relative contribution ships to air pollution on land; 2020 scenario without amendment to MARPOL Annex VI (1.5% sulphur in SECA; assumed 2.7% sulphur outside SECAs)

6 European Commission: Preliminary result: reduction SOx (only current SECAs)

7 European Commission: Preliminary results SECA 0.10% Left column: annual reduction life years lost with use of fuel with max 0.10% in current SECAs Left column: annual reduction life years lost with use of fuel with max 0.10% in current SECAs Middle one: additional gain Mediterranean Middle one: additional gain Mediterranean Right column: additional gain Black Sea Right column: additional gain Black Sea Dominant: PM reduction

8 European Commission: Fuel standards: ships compared to others Maximum permitted sulphur content of fuels: Maximum permitted sulphur content of fuels: Ships at open sea, today:45000 ppm (4.50%) Ships at open sea, today:45000 ppm (4.50%) Ships at open sea, 2012:35000 ppm (3,5%) Ships at open sea, 2012:35000 ppm (3,5%) Ships in SECAs today:10000 ppm (1.00%) Ships in SECAs today:10000 ppm (1.00%) Ships at open sea, 2020:5000 ppm (0.50%) Ships at open sea, 2020:5000 ppm (0.50%) Ships in SECAs, 2015:1000 ppm (0.10%) Ships in SECAs, 2015:1000 ppm (0.10%) Ships at berth EU ports, now:1000 ppm (0.10%) Ships at berth EU ports, now:1000 ppm (0.10%) Trucks, cars, busses:10 ppm (0.001%) Trucks, cars, busses:10 ppm (0.001%) Inland shipping, trains, 2011:10 ppm (0,001%) Inland shipping, trains, 2011:10 ppm (0,001%) Direct link fuel quality and sulphur content and PM!

9 European Commission: GHG: ships compared to other transport sectors EC action on transport GHG Aviation included in EU ETS proposed 2006, agreed 2008 Low carbon fuel standard proposed 2007, agreed 2008 CO 2 and cars proposed 2007, agreed 2008 Light Duty Vehicles (vans) (proposed October 2009) Car Labelling (under preparation) Heavy Duty Vehicles (Trucks) (under preparation) Maritime Transport (if required)

10 European Commission: Commission planning Proposal to amend Directive 1999/32/EC on sulphur in fuel end 2010 (especially to implement amendments to MARPOL Annex VI) Proposal to amend Directive 1999/32/EC on sulphur in fuel end 2010 (especially to implement amendments to MARPOL Annex VI) No decision yet on EU measures to reduce greenhouse gas; potentially end 2011? No decision yet on EU measures to reduce greenhouse gas; potentially end 2011?

11 European Commission: Air pollution: relevant for Cruise ships Amendment aims to align with new standards and definitions adopted by IMO and ISO, including the 2008 amendment to MARPOL Annex VI to require use of fuel with 0.10% in SECAs as of 2015. Amendment aims to align with new standards and definitions adopted by IMO and ISO, including the 2008 amendment to MARPOL Annex VI to require use of fuel with 0.10% in SECAs as of 2015. The EU fuel requirements for passenger ships outside SECAs (1.5% sulphur) under consideration. The EU fuel requirements for passenger ships outside SECAs (1.5% sulphur) under consideration. Clarification of applicability of this provision to cruise ships. Clarification of applicability of this provision to cruise ships.

12 GHG: Global action - difficult progress Full support to global measures developed through IMO Broad coverage of emissions, no distortion of competition between ships Blockage in IMO: p olitical problem - not technical Difficulty of agreeing: cap, exemptions, use of revenue, institutional arrangements, access to credits, penalties Need to agree: monitoring/verification ruels, auctioning rules, global registry, administrating bodies, enforcement

13 European Commission: Key messages No action is not a solution No action is not a solution Industry should be part of the solution Industry should be part of the solution Understanding of the economic sitution but health and environment ask for further action Understanding of the economic sitution but health and environment ask for further action Each sector needs to contribute Each sector needs to contribute The Commission is traditionally open for dialogue The Commission is traditionally open for dialogue

14 European Commission:Questions: Firstly, and assuming nobody likes the look and smell of black smoke coming out of the stack from ships (leave alone during the romantic experiences of cruise shipping), to what extent has the industry been implementing abatement equipment or clean fuel like LNG? Are you considering doing so for the purpose of obtaining a competitive advantage, and if not, why? Firstly, and assuming nobody likes the look and smell of black smoke coming out of the stack from ships (leave alone during the romantic experiences of cruise shipping), to what extent has the industry been implementing abatement equipment or clean fuel like LNG? Are you considering doing so for the purpose of obtaining a competitive advantage, and if not, why? Secondly, and also for the purpose of avoiding confusing in measures applying in EU waters, would industry support the full alignment of IMO rules into EU law, and if not, why? Secondly, and also for the purpose of avoiding confusing in measures applying in EU waters, would industry support the full alignment of IMO rules into EU law, and if not, why? Finally, and accepting that MARPOL VI might come with significant albeit warranted costs, what can the European Commission do to support a transition to low emission cruise ships. Finally, and accepting that MARPOL VI might come with significant albeit warranted costs, what can the European Commission do to support a transition to low emission cruise ships.


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