8GerundsWe use gerunds when we want to use a verb as an activity you love or hate doing.Examples:Smoking is bad for your health.A popular hobby in England is stamp – collecting.I dislike shopping.
9Form If there is more than one consonant, just add ING Think + ing = thinkingIf there is more than one vowel, just add INGBeat + ing = beatingIf there is one vowel and one consonant, and the syllable is stressed, double the consonant and add INGHit + t +ing = hittingIf there are one or more consonants and E, remove the E and add INGTake + ing = takingIn most other cases, just add INGStudy = studyingSee = seeing
10Exercises Change the sentence using a gerund. Example:it’s important to study hard.Studying hard is important1. It is difficult to read Japanese.___________________
113. It is depressing to be poor. ___________________ 2. It is essential for a business person to have a laptop computer. _____________________
124. It was exciting to climb the Eiffel Tower. ___________________ 5. It will be hard to pass the test. ___________________
13Make sentences using gerunds Mark loves taking a nap after lunch.Napping after lunch is great for Mark.
14Susan runs in a marathon once a year Thomas loves playing baseball with friends
15Peter doesn’t like reading books Steve enjoys talking on the phone with her mom
16Lisa loves jumping a rope in the yard Lucas likes eating cakes
17Carl watches TV in the evening Chris plays video games with his friends at home
18James rides his tricycle in the park Tom loves telling yokes to his friends
19Gerund or verb Frank was swimming in the pool when I saw him. Denise likes dancing and singing.They were dancing and singing in the rain.Cooking with my mum is lots of fun.
20Complete the following paragraph with the correct form of the verbs in the box, a gerund or a participle.ARRIVE – DO – ENJOY – HELP – LEARN – READ – SIT – WATCHIT IS 7:00 PM AND BILL (A) ____________ AT THE DINNER TABLE IN FRONT OF THE TV. (B) ______________ AND (C) _______________ TV ARE THE TWO THINGS HE REALLY LOVES. HIS MOTHER (D) ______________ HIS SISTER WITH HER HOMEWORK. THE GIRL DOESN’T REALLY LIKE (E) _____________ HOMEWORK. BILL’S MOTHER LOVES (F) ________________ NEW THINGS SO SHE (G) _____________ HERSELF. BILL’S FATHER OPENS THE FRONT DOOR. (H) “_______________ HOME AT NIGHT IS THE BEST THING IN THE WORLD!”, HE SAYS.