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Presentation on theme: "SENIOR 4 GERUNDS OR NOUNS."— Presentation transcript:


2 Paul is swimming in the pool Swimming is his best activity
Repeat Paul is swimming in the pool Swimming is his best activity

3 Susan loves reading novels Reading is a pleasure for her

4 She is singing a beautiful song
Singing is her passion

5 She is dancing terribly today Dancing is good for health

6 Chris is good at painting He loves painting on weekends

7 Choose and create Swim Read Sing Dance Paint

8 Gerunds We use gerunds when we want to use a verb as an activity you love or hate doing. Examples: Smoking is bad for your health. A popular hobby in England is stamp – collecting. I dislike shopping.

9 Form If there is more than one consonant, just add ING
Think + ing = thinking If there is more than one vowel, just add ING Beat + ing = beating If there is one vowel and one consonant, and the syllable is stressed, double the consonant and add ING Hit + t +ing = hitting If there are one or more consonants and E, remove the E and add ING Take + ing = taking In most other cases, just add ING Study = studying See = seeing

10 Exercises Change the sentence using a gerund.
Example: it’s important to study hard. Studying hard is important 1. It is difficult to read Japanese. ___________________

11 3. It is depressing to be poor. ___________________
2. It is essential for a business person to have a laptop computer. _____________________

12 4. It was exciting to climb the Eiffel Tower. ___________________
5. It will be hard to pass the test. ___________________

13 Make sentences using gerunds
Mark loves taking a nap after lunch. Napping after lunch is great for Mark.

14 Susan runs in a marathon once a year
Thomas loves playing baseball with friends

15 Peter doesn’t like reading books
Steve enjoys talking on the phone with her mom

16 Lisa loves jumping a rope in the yard
Lucas likes eating cakes

17 Carl watches TV in the evening
Chris plays video games with his friends at home

18 James rides his tricycle in the park
Tom loves telling yokes to his friends

19 Gerund or verb Frank was swimming in the pool when I saw him.
Denise likes dancing and singing. They were dancing and singing in the rain. Cooking with my mum is lots of fun.

20 Complete the following paragraph with the correct form of the verbs in the box, a gerund or a participle. ARRIVE – DO – ENJOY – HELP – LEARN – READ – SIT – WATCH IT IS 7:00 PM AND BILL (A) ____________ AT THE DINNER TABLE IN FRONT OF THE TV. (B) ______________ AND (C) _______________ TV ARE THE TWO THINGS HE REALLY LOVES. HIS MOTHER (D) ______________ HIS SISTER WITH HER HOMEWORK. THE GIRL DOESN’T REALLY LIKE (E) _____________ HOMEWORK. BILL’S MOTHER LOVES (F) ________________ NEW THINGS SO SHE (G) _____________ HERSELF. BILL’S FATHER OPENS THE FRONT DOOR. (H) “_______________ HOME AT NIGHT IS THE BEST THING IN THE WORLD!”, HE SAYS.


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