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OER, Open Policy, System Efficiencies, and Future Directions Dr. Cable Green Director of Global

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Presentation on theme: "OER, Open Policy, System Efficiencies, and Future Directions Dr. Cable Green Director of Global"— Presentation transcript:

1 OER, Open Policy, System Efficiencies, and Future Directions Dr. Cable Green Director of Global

2 Children Reading Pratham Books and Akshara By Ryan Lobo CC BY

3 “Nearly one-third of the world’s population (29.3%) is under 15. Today there are 158 million people enrolled in tertiary education 1. Projections suggest that that participation will peak at 263 million 2 in Accommodating the additional 105 million students would require more than four major universities (30,000 students) to open every week for the next fifteen years. 1 ISCED levels 5 & 6 UNESCO Institute of Statistics figures 2 British Council and IDP Australia projections By: COL s/JohnDaniel_2008_3x5.jpg

4 Dreaming Girls Head By: Elfleda CC BY-NC-ND

5

6 A simple, standardized way to grant copyright permissions to your creative work.

7 Step 1: Choose Conditions Attribution ShareAlikeNonCommercial NoDerivatives

8 Step 2: Receive a License

9 most free least free

10

11 Over 500 million items

12 Culture Science Government Education More

13

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15 Over 77,000 contributors working on over 22 million articles in 285 languages

16 175+ Million CC Licensed Photos on Flickr 16

17 Higher Ed

18 K-12

19 Open Educational Resources (OER)

20 OER are teaching, learning, and research materials in any medium that reside in the public domain or have been released under an open license that permits their free use and re-purposing by others.

21 Search & Discovery

22 Translations & Accessibility

23 Customization & Affordability

24 What is the Business / Policy Case for OER?

25 vs. Rivalrous vs. Non-Rivalrous Resources

26 BY SA: By Harvey Barrison

27 Cost of “Copy” For one 250 page book: Copy by hand - $1,000 Copy by print on demand - $4.90 Copy by computer - $ CC BY: David Wiley, BYU

28 Cost of “Distribute” For one 250 page book: Distribute by mail - $5.20 $0 with print-on-demand (2000+ copies) Distribute by internet - $ CC BY: David Wiley, BYU

29 Copy and Distribute are “Free” This changes everything CC BY: David Wiley, BYU

30 Movies, TV Shows, Songs, and Textbooks Movies and TV Shows: Amazon Prime – $6.59/month ($79/year) for access to 10,000 movies and TV shows Netflix – $7.99/month for access to 20,000 movies and TV shows Hulu Plus – $7.99/month for access to 45,000 movies and TV shows CC BY: David Wiley:

31 Movies, TV Shows, Songs, and Textbooks Music: Spotify – $9.99/month for access to 15 million songs Rhapsody – $14.99/month for access to 14 million songs CC BY: David Wiley:

32 CC BY ND / Delta Initiative /

33 When the Marginal Cost of Sharing is $0… - educators have an ethical obligation to share - governments need to get maximum ROI by requiring publicly funded resources be openly licensed resources - governments and educators need openly licensed content: (a) so you can revise & remix (b) buying and maintaining is cheaper than leasing (w/time bombs)

34 $60 trillion x 5% = $ 3 trillion

35 CC BY Lines of Bikes By: KOMU News

36 Partner with Legislators who care about: (a) efficient use of national / state tax dollars; (b) saving students money; increasing access to publicly funded research and data; (c) increasing access to education

37 CC-BY licensed textbooks for 90 university courses

38 $500 million - Wave 2 ($2 billion over four years)

39 Publicly funded resources should be openly licensed resources.

40 Cooperate & share = We all Win –Faculty have new choices when building learning spaces. –…the more eyes on a problem, the greater chance for a solution. Affordability: students can’t afford textbooks Self-interest: good things happen when I share It’s a social justice issue: everyone should have the right to access digital knowledge. Why is “Open” Important?

41 Building Effective Teams & Shifting the Culture to Open as Default

42 “We will cultivate the culture and practice of using and contributing to open educational resources.”

43 But using open educational resources – and contributing to them – requires significant change in the culture of higher education. It requires thinking about content as a common resource that raises all boats when shared. (p.11)

44 English Composition I 55,000+ enrollments / year x $175 textbook = $9.6 + Million every year

45 English Composition I 55,000+ enrollments / year x $175 textbook = $9.6 + Million every year

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47 Does it make any sense WA State and K-12 Districts together spend $130M/year on textbooks and the results are: Books are (on average) 7-10 years out of date Paper only / no digital versions. Students can’t write / highlight in books Students can’t keep books at end of year All rights reserved… teachers can’t update

48 You are not alone.

49 massive change By: sookie CC BY

50 U.S. House Appropriations Committee draft FY2012 Labor, Health and Human Services funding bill SEC None of the funds made available by this Act for the Department of Labor may be used to develop new courses, modules, learning materials, or projects in carrying out education or career job training grant programs unless the Secretary of Labor certifies, after a comprehensive market-based analysis, that such courses, modules, learning materials, or projects are not otherwise available for purchase or licensing in the marketplace or under development for students who require them to participate in such education or career job training grant programs.

51 U.S. House Appropriations Committee draft FY2012 Labor, Health and Human Services funding bill SEC None of the funds made available by this Act for the Department of Labor may be used to develop new courses, modules, learning materials, or projects in carrying out education or career job training grant programs unless the Secretary of Labor certifies, after a comprehensive market-based analysis, that such courses, modules, learning materials, or projects are not otherwise available for purchase or licensing in the marketplace or under development for students who require them to participate in such education or career job training grant programs.

52 H.R "No Federal agency may adopt, implement, maintain, continue, or otherwise engage in any policy, program, or other activity that -- (1) causes, permits, or authorizes network dissemination of any private-sector research work without the prior consent of the publisher of such work; or (2) requires that any actual or prospective author, or the employer of such an actual or prospective author, assent to network dissemination of a private-sector research work."

53 H.R "No Federal agency may adopt, implement, maintain, continue, or otherwise engage in any policy, program, or other activity that -- (1) causes, permits, or authorizes network dissemination of any private-sector research work without the prior consent of the publisher of such work; or (2) requires that any actual or prospective author, or the employer of such an actual or prospective author, assent to network dissemination of a private-sector research work."

54 But even better, the bill sponsor said: "As the costs of publishing continue to be driven down by new technology, we will continue to see a growth in open access publishers. This new and innovative model appears to be the wave of the future. The transition must be collaborative, and must respect copyright law and the principles of open access. The American people deserve to have access to research for which they have paid.

55 “The American people deserve to have access to research for which they have paid.” Public

56 CC BY-NC-ND 046: Rule #2: See Rule #1 By: William Couch

57 By Michael Gwyther-Jones /Michael Gwyther-Jones CC BY

58 Efficient use of public funds to increase student success and access to quality educational materials. Everything else (including all existing business models) is secondary. Only ONE thing Matters:

59

60 the opposite of open isn’t “closed”

61 the opposite of open is “broken” Attribution: John Wilbanks

62 Dr. Cable Green Director of Global Learning twitter: cgreen


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