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ARL Authors’ Rights and the Library’s Role Karla Hahn Director, Office of Scholarly Communication Association of Research Libraries

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Presentation on theme: "ARL Authors’ Rights and the Library’s Role Karla Hahn Director, Office of Scholarly Communication Association of Research Libraries"— Presentation transcript:

1 ARL Authors’ Rights and the Library’s Role Karla Hahn Director, Office of Scholarly Communication Association of Research Libraries

2 ARL 2 About ARL Membership: »123 Research Libraries »North America and Canada ARL member libraries make up a large portion of the academic and research library marketplace, spending more than $1 billion every year on library materials. Affiliate organizations: »Coalition for Networked Information (CNI) »Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition (SPARC)

3 ARL 3 ARL’s Program Areas Three Strategic Directions: »Scholarly Communication »Public Policies Affecting Research Libraries »The Library Role in Research, Teaching, and Learning Enabling Capabilities »Statistics and Evaluation »Diversity Initiatives »Leadership Development

4 ARL 4 Copyright Provides the widest possible freedom and flexibility for faculty and others to employ their work for teaching, learning, and research in a fast-changing technological environment Strengthen universities as institutions through which faculty and others can achieve their aspirations for teaching, learning, and research Fosters the Constitutionally defined purpose of the copyright law - the encouragement of learning -through the minimally constrained use of copyrighted material in teaching, learning and research

5 ARL 5 Why Now? Campus discussions of changing scholarly communication system Development of institutional and disciplinary repositories Availability of publishing amendment documents Individuals concerned about making work available in a digital environment

6 ARL 6 Creator Rights To publish and distribute a work in print or other media To reproduce it (e.g., through photocopying) To prepare translations or other derivative works To perform or display the work publicly To authorize others to exercise any of these rights

7 ARL 7 Rights Management These rights may be both segmented and transferred to others. Copyright creators may therefore transfer some or all of these rights to a publisher. The copyright creator may also retain ownership but grant licenses to other parties to exercise one or more of these rights. Copyright licenses may be exclusive or non-exclusive; for a specified period of time or for the full term of the copyright; royalty- free or royalty-bearing; for one medium or many; or defined or restricted in various other ways.

8 ARL 8 Creator Options Option 1Option 2Option 3 Continue the common existing practice of transferring ownership of copyrights to publishers, in exchange for publication. Reserve some specific rights (e.g., the right to republish an essay in a book, etc.) but otherwise transfer ownership of the copyright to the publisher. Retain ownership of the copyright and license to publishers all the rights the publishers need to conduct their business.

9 ARL 9 Balanced Approach Authors »Retain copyright »Use and develop work without restriction to increase access for education and research »Receive proper attribution »Deposit work to be permanently and openly accessible Publishers »Sell work as authorized and receive reasonable return »Receive proper attribution and citation for first publication »May migrate work to future formats and include it in collections Readers »May read, print, display, and download work for non- commercial purposes without restriction as long as attributed

10 ARL 10 Tools Available Author Addendum »SPARC »Creative Commons/Science Commons »MIT »OhioLINK »CIC Provosts »Etc. Do it yourself

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12 ARL 12 Retaining Rights l

13 ARL 13 SPARC Author’s Addendum Author’s Retention of Rights i.Right to reproduce… for non- commercial purposes ii.Right to prepare derivative works iii.Right to authorize others

14 ARL 14 SPARC Author’s Addendum Publisher’s Additional Commitments Provide author a no-charge PDF within 14 days of first publication

15 ARL 15 SPARC Author’s Addendum Publisher’s Acceptance Sign and return, but if Article is published without Addendum signature, assent is assumed

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18 ARL 18 MIT Libraries Publisher Response No way No need No problem And everything in between Notably, many publishers had no idea how their variable, constantly changing, and incomprehensible agreements led authors to disdain the whole process.

19 ARL 19 Webcast for Librarians on Author Rights Outreach

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21 ARL 21 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?


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