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Regional Gliding School Ailerons w The ailerons are control surfaces attached to the trailing edge of the wing near the tip. They move in opposite directions;

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Presentation on theme: "Regional Gliding School Ailerons w The ailerons are control surfaces attached to the trailing edge of the wing near the tip. They move in opposite directions;"— Presentation transcript:

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3 Regional Gliding School Ailerons w The ailerons are control surfaces attached to the trailing edge of the wing near the tip. They move in opposite directions; as one goes up the other goes down. They are controlled by movement of the control column or stick and serve to roll the aircraft.

4 Regional Gliding School Ailerons w When the control column or stick is moved right, the left aileron moves down and the right aileron moves up. The lifting capacity of the right wing is decreased. The lift on the left wing increases and the wing rises. This motion is know as rolling.

5 Regional Gliding School Elevator w The elevator is hinged to the trailing edge of the horizontal stabilizer and is controlled by forward or aft movement of the control column. w When the control column is pushed forward, the elevator moves down, increasing the lifting capability of the tail. The tail raises and the nose of the aircraft moves down. This up and down movement is called pitching.

6 Regional Gliding School The Stabilator w The Stabilator is a one-piece, horizontal tail surface that pivots up and down. It operates on the same principle as the elevator, moving up or down, changing its angle of attack and hence its lifting capabilities as the pilot pulls back or pushes forward on the control column.

7 Regional Gliding School Rudder w The rudder moves the nose of the aircraft either left or right in a motion known as yaw. The rudder is attached to the trailing edge of the vertical stabilizer or fin. w Pressure applied to the right rudder pedal moves the nose of the aircraft to the right. This side to side motion is called yawing. w The rudder is used with the ailerons to achieve coordinated turns.

8 Regional Gliding School Trim Tabs w The purpose of trim systems is to assist the pilot by eliminating the need to exert excessive pressure on the cockpit flight controls during the various phases of flight. This is achieved by proper use of trim tabs.

9 Regional Gliding School Confirmation Stage NOTE: You must use the buttons in the Confirmation Stage

10 Regional Gliding School A B True False Let's try a few review questions on Theory of Flight: Question #1 - The left aileron goes up and the right aileron goes down to roll an aircraft to the right? Theory of Flight Aircraft Controls

11 I’m afraid that answer is incorrect Let's try again... Flying Scholarship Program

12 That answer is correct. Let's move on...

13 Regional Gliding School A B C D Elevator Aileron Trim tab Let's try a few review questions on Theory of Flight: Question #2 - What is the one-piece, horizontal tail surface that pivots up and down? Stabilator Theory of Flight Aircraft Controls

14 I’m afraid that answer is incorrect Let's try again... Flying Scholarship Program

15 I’m afraid that answer is incorrect Let's try again... Flying Scholarship Program

16 I’m afraid that answer is incorrect Let's try again... Flying Scholarship Program

17 That answer is correct. Let's move on...

18 Regional Gliding School Aircraft Axis w Longitudinal Axis The longitudinal axis is an imaginary line that runs lengthwise through the fuselage from the nose to the tail. Movement of the aircraft around the longitudinal axis is known as ROLL and is controlled by movement of the ailerons.

19 Regional Gliding School Aircraft Axis w Lateral Axis The lateral axis is an imaginary line that runs crosswise from wing tip to wing tip. Movement of the aircraft around the lateral axis is known as PITCH and is controlled by movement of the elevators.

20 Regional Gliding School Aircraft Axis w Vertical or Normal Axis The vertical or normal axis is an imaginary line that passes vertically through the C of G. Movement of the aircraft around the vertical axis is YAW and is controlled by movement of the rudder.

21 Regional Gliding School Adverse Yaw w In a roll, the aircraft has a tendency to Yaw away from the intended direction of the turn. This is the result of aileron drag and is called ADVERSE YAW. w The up going wing, as well as gaining more lift from the increased camber of the down going aileron, also experiences more induced drag. The aircraft skids outward on the turn. Use of rudder in the turn corrects this tendency.

22 Regional Gliding School Balanced Controls w Controls are sometimes dynamically balanced to aid the pilot to move them. w Mass balance: mass of streamline shape in fitted in front of the hinge of the control surface to balance it. w Static balance: the control surface is balance about its specific C of G without any airflow over it.

23 Regional Gliding School Confirmation Stage NOTE: You must use the buttons in the Confirmation Stage

24 Regional Gliding School A B C D Longitudinal Lateral Vertical Let's try a few review questions on Theory of Flight: Question #3 - What axis runs from the tail to the nose? Normal Theory of Flight Aircraft Controls

25 I’m afraid that answer is incorrect Let's try again... Flying Scholarship Program

26 I’m afraid that answer is incorrect Let's try again... Flying Scholarship Program

27 I’m afraid that answer is incorrect Let's try again... Flying Scholarship Program

28 That answer is correct. Let's move on...

29 Regional Gliding School Let's try a few review questions on Theory of Flight: Question #4 - What axis passes vertically through the C of G? A B C D Longitudinal Lateral All the above Normal Theory of Flight Aircraft Controls

30 I’m afraid that answer is incorrect Let's try again... Flying Scholarship Program

31 I’m afraid that answer is incorrect Let's try again... Flying Scholarship Program

32 I’m afraid that answer is incorrect Let's try again... Flying Scholarship Program

33 That answer is correct. Let's move on...

34 Regional Gliding School Congratulations!! You have now completed the Aircraft Controls lesson of the Theory of Flight Module. Of course, this lesson is always available to you for future reference if required. You are now ready to move along to the next Theory of Flight lesson you have not completed or to any other module you wish. You can advance to the Self Test Module if you feel ready to challenge the final exam. Good Luck! Theory of Flight Aircraft Controls


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