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Regional Gliding School l Lift l Weight l Thrust l Drag.

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Presentation on theme: "Regional Gliding School l Lift l Weight l Thrust l Drag."— Presentation transcript:

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3 Regional Gliding School l Lift l Weight l Thrust l Drag

4 Regional Gliding School l The upward force that sustains the aircraft in flight.

5 Regional Gliding School Newton’s Three Laws of Motion ¬ For every action there is an equal and opposite reaction ­ An object when in motion tends to remain in motion ® An external force must be applied to alter that state of uniform motion

6 Regional Gliding School Bernoulli’s Principle l The total energy in any system remains constant. If one element increases, another must decrease to counter balance it.

7 Regional Gliding School Air flowing over the wing’s upper surface accelerates as it passes through the constricted area just as it does in the venturi tube (Newton’s Laws of Motion and Bernoulli’s Principle). The result is a decrease in pressure on the upper surface of the wing that results in the phenomena known as lift.

8 Regional Gliding School Downwash is the flow of air downward towards the trailing edge of the wing. Also, the airflow passing under the wing is deflected downward by the bottom surface of the wing. The wing receives an upward force, therefore, downwash contributes to lift.

9 Regional Gliding School l The downward force due to gravity, directly opposed to lift. l The weight of an aircraft acts through the Centre of Gravity (C of G). l It is the point through which the resultant of the weights of all the various parts of the aircraft pass in every attitude it can assume.

10 Regional Gliding School NOTE: You must use the buttons in the Confirmation Stage

11 Regional Gliding School A B C D Lift Weight Drag Let's try a few review questions on Theory of Flight: Question #1 - Which is not a force acting on a aircraft? Torque Theory of Flight Four Forces Acting on a Aircraft

12 I’m afraid that answer is incorrect Let's try again... Flying Scholarship Program

13 I’m afraid that answer is incorrect Let's try again... Flying Scholarship Program

14 I’m afraid that answer is incorrect Let's try again... Flying Scholarship Program

15 That answer is correct. Let's move on...

16 Regional Gliding School A B C D Newton Bernoulli Coriolis Let's try a few review questions on Theory of Flight: Question #2 - Name the scientist who theorized “The total energy in any system remains constant. If one element increases, another must decrease to counter balance it.” Ventri Theory of Flight Four Forces Acting on a Aircraft

17 I’m afraid that answer is incorrect Let's try again... Flying Scholarship Program

18 I’m afraid that answer is incorrect Let's try again... Flying Scholarship Program

19 I’m afraid that answer is incorrect Let's try again... Flying Scholarship Program

20 That answer is correct. Let's move on...

21 Regional Gliding School l The force exerted by the engine and its propeller which pushes air backward with the object of causing a reaction, or thrust, in the forward direction.

22 Regional Gliding School l The effect is the same whether the thrust is produced by a propeller moving a large mass of air backward at a relatively slow speed or by a jet moving a small mass of air backward at a high speed.

23 Regional Gliding School l Resistance an aircraft experience when moving forward through the air.

24 Regional Gliding School There are two main types of drag they are: 1 Parasite Drag –is the term given to the drag of all those parts of the aircraft which do not contribute to lift (e.g. the fuselage, wheels, antennas, etc.)

25 Regional Gliding School Parasite drag may be divided into two components: I. Form Drag –refers to the drag created by the form or shape of a body as it resists motion through the air. Streamlining the exterior components of the aircraft helps reduce this type of drag.

26 Regional Gliding School Parasite drag may be divided into two components: II. Skin Friction –refers to the tendency of air flowing over a body to cling to its surface; dirt, mud or ice that has accumulated on the aircraft contributes to skin friction.

27 Regional Gliding School There are two main types of drag they are: 2 Induced Drag –is caused by those parts of the aircraft which are active in producing lift (e.g. the wing). Therefore, it is always present and cannot be eliminated.

28 Regional Gliding School The greater the lift, the greater the induced drag. Airflow over the top of an airfoil tends to flow inward, airflow under the bottom of the wing tends to flow outwards, at the trailing edge, small eddies are created. These tend to move to the tips resulting in wing tip vortices which are the chief contributors to induced drag.

29 Regional Gliding School NOTE: You must use the buttons in the Confirmation Stage

30 Regional Gliding School A B C D Induced & form Induced & parasite Parasite & form Let's try a few review questions on Theory of Flight: Question #3 - What are the two main types of drag? Parasite & skin friction Theory of Flight Four Forces Acting on a Aircraft

31 I’m afraid that answer is incorrect Let's try again... Flying Scholarship Program

32 I’m afraid that answer is incorrect Let's try again... Flying Scholarship Program

33 I’m afraid that answer is incorrect Let's try again... Flying Scholarship Program

34 That answer is correct. Let's move on...

35 Regional Gliding School A B C D Parasite Induced Skin friction Let's try a few review questions on Theory of Flight: Question #4 - Name the drag that refers to the shape of a body. Form Theory of Flight Four Forces Acting on a Aircraft

36 I’m afraid that answer is incorrect Let's try again... Flying Scholarship Program

37 I’m afraid that answer is incorrect Let's try again... Flying Scholarship Program

38 I’m afraid that answer is incorrect Let's try again... Flying Scholarship Program

39 That answer is correct. Let's move on...

40 Regional Gliding School Congratulations!! You have now completed the Four Forces Acting on a Aircraft lesson of the Theory of Flight Module. Of course, this lesson is always available to you for future reference if required. You are now ready to move along to the next Theory of Flight lesson you have not completed or to any other module you wish. You can advance to the Self Test Module if you feel ready to challenge the final exam. Good Luck! Theory of Flight Four Forces Acting on a Aircraft


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