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AVIATION 6 th grade Springton Lake. PARTS OF AN AIRPLANE -. w z

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Presentation on theme: "AVIATION 6 th grade Springton Lake. PARTS OF AN AIRPLANE -. w z

1 AVIATION 6 th grade Springton Lake

2 PARTS OF AN AIRPLANE -. w z

3 PARTS OF AN AIRPLANE Fuselage- The main body of an Airplane. Houses cockpit, passengers, cargo

4 PARTS OF AN AIRPLANE Landing gear- Underneath the airplane contains wheels, floats, etc. of an aircraft. lands and moves on ground or water.

5 PARTS OF THE PLANE Propeller- A propeller is a rotating blade on the front of the airplane. The engine turns the propeller, which pulls the airplane through the air.

6 PARTS OF AN AIRPLANE Wings – Wings are the parts of the airplane that provide lift. They also support the entire weight of the aircraft and its contents while in flight.

7 AVIATION Flaps – Flaps are the movable sections of an airplane’s wings that are closest to the fuselage. They move in the same direction on both wings at the same time, and, by creating drag and lift, enable the airplane to fly more slowly.

8 PARTS OF AN AIRPLANE Ailerons –movable sections on an outer edge of an airplane ’s wings. They move in opposite directions (when one goes up, the other goes down).

9 PARTS OF AN AIRPLANE Rudder –movable, vertical section of the tail that controls lateral movement. (side-to-side) When the rudder moves in one direction, the aircraft nose moves the same direction.

10 PARTS OF AN AIRPLANE Elevator – movable, horizontal section of the tail that causes the airplane to climb and descend. When the elevator moves one direction, the nose moves in the same direction (up or down).

11 PARTS OF AN AIRPLANE Vertical Stabilizer- fixed piece on tail Keeps aircraft stable Keeps nose of plane from moving from side to side

12 PARTS OF AN AIRPLANE Horizontal Stabilizer- Keeps nose of plane from moving up or down In front of Elevators

13 FORCES ON AN AIRPLANE

14 FORCES ON AN AIRPLANE There are 4 forces on an airplane THRUST—a force created by the engine that moves the airplane forward. Pulls airplane through the air.

15 FORCES ON AN AIRPLANE There are 4 forces on an airplane LIFT—The up ward pushing force. It moves the aircraft upward.

16 FORCES ON AN AIRPLANE There are 4 forces on an airplane DRAG—created by resistance against all the surfaces of the airplane.

17 FORCES ON AN AIRPLANE There are 4 forces on an airplane GRAVITY— a force pulling down on the airplane; it’s the same force that keeps you on the earth.

18 MOVEMENTS OF AN AIRPLANE 3 Axis’Movements of an Airplane Yaw Pitch Roll Combinations of these three controls enable an airplane to maneuver.

19 MOVEMENTS OF AN AIRPLANE Roll Roll is known as the rising or dipping of the airplane's wing. a Longitudinal axis stretching from the nose to the tail of the aircraft.

20 ROLL Ailerons control Opposite directions One up-one down Bank or Roll Longitudinal Axis Nose to tail

21 MOVEMENTS OF AN AIRPLANE YAW move towards the left/ right vertical axis controlled by the rudder. Left/Right

22 MOVEMENTS OF AN AIRPLANE Pitch movement of the airplane's nose up or down. Vertical axis stretching from one wing tip to the other. The elevator controls the pitch.

23 MOVEMENTS OF AN AIRPLANE Rudder controls Yaw left/right Elevator controls Pitch nose up/down Ailerons control Roll

24 MOVEMENTS OF AN AIRPLANE

25 AIRPLANE TERMS Propulsion 2 Latin words Pro- before or forwards Pellere- drive means to push forward or drive an object forward.

26 AVIATION Ground Speed - is the horizontal speed of an aircraft relative to the ground.aircraft A plane going vertical ground speed is zero.

27 AVIATION Airspeed The airspeed relative to the air around it. Displays airspeed through air Measured in Knots (nautical miles per hour)

28 AIRPLANE TERMS Stall- is what happens when an airfoil (Wing) can not make enough lift to keep the aircraft in level flight.lift


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