Presentation on theme: "Joseph van der Stegen DG Environement - Nature Unit"— Presentation transcript:
1Joseph van der Stegen DG Environement - Nature Unit Financing Natura Policy framework and new opportunities forWorkshop for BelgiumBrussels, 11 December 2013Joseph van der Stegen DG Environement - Nature Unit
2EU biodiversity strategy to 2020 « Our life insurance, our natural capital » A 2050 VISIONEuropean Union biodiversity and the ecosystem services it provides – its natural capital – are protected, valued and appropriately restored…A 2020 HEADLINE TARGETHalt the loss of biodiversity and ecosystem services in the EU and restore them insofar as feasible, and step up the EU's contribution to averting global biodiversity loss
3New EU Biodiversity Strategy 2011 Target 1 - Nature conservation To halt the deterioration in the status of all species and habitats covered by EU nature legislation and achieve a significant and measurable improvement in their status by 2020Complete the establishment of the Natura 2000 network and ensure good managementIncrease stakeholder awareness and involvement and improve enforcementImprove and streamline monitoring and reportingEnsure adequate financing of Natura 2000 sites
4Introduction 1979: Birds Directive 1992: Habitats Directive Scope → all species of naturally occurring birds in the wild in the EU.Overall objective → to maintain wild birds in good conservation.1992: Habitats DirectiveScope → More than 1000 threatened plants and animals and approx. 230 habitat typesOverall objective → ensure their favourable conservation status.
5Natura 2000 Network 26 400 sites 986 000 km² 18 % EU land 4 % EU seas Globally largest co-ordinated network of PAs;Almost complete on land;Marine component – still some gaps.
6Financing Natura 2000: integration approach Article 8 of the Habitats Directive (Prioritized Action Framework – PAF)2004: Communication on Financing Natura 20002007: Handbook2010: Conference - Financing Natura 2000: Public consultationMay 2011: RoundtableDecember 2011: Staff Working Document2011: COM proposals EU funds: negotiations Multiannual Financing Framework (MFF): next MFFFor details check:
7Multiannual Financial Framework 2014-2020 March 2012: Europe 2020 strategyJune 2011: COM Proposals for sectoral funds:structural and cohesionrural developmentmaritime and fisheriesLIFE2012: Position papersFeb. 2013: Council agreement on EU budget2nd half 2013: Partnership agreementsEnd 2013: Adoption regulations (funds)2013/2014: Operational Programmes: ImplementationFor general info on MFF programming principles:Position papers for all MS are available on
8Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) EAFRD - 2nd pillarCompensation payments (Art. 31)Agri-environment-climate and forest-environment payments (Art. 29)Direct payments - greening 1st pillarFor latest info on CAP reform check CAP fiche in \\net1\env\Public\ENV-Restricted\Dir-B\1.3.5 Contracts Management\ Procurement\SI _Financing Natura \Contract management\Deliverables\Workshops\Materials for the workshopsArt. 29 and 31 of the draft EAFRD Regulation are the most relevant for N2000 but there are other indirect opportunities; for details please check the draft Handbook in the same folderContent of RDPs: "an appropriate approach towards the environment, including the specific needs of Natura 2000 areas"
9Structural funds and the Cohesion Fund Natura 2000 and Green Infrastructure to be financed from EU Regional Development Fund and Cohesion FundRationale: eco-services, natural capital, economic development, regional cooperation, legal obligationsMultiple benefits (synergies with climate, SME, R&D, resource efficiency objectives)Biodiversity and nature have to be integrated in the entire programme cycleProjectsIndicatorsEvaluationSWOTPrioritiesEmphasize the possibility of financing Natura 2000 from the European Fund of Regional Development and the Cohesion Fund. Regions with GDP below 75% of have more flexibility and opportunities of using these funds for Natura Other regions are subject to concentration of funds for other priorities (climate, SMEs., R&D) but they still might allocate money to N2000 if they justify it appropriately. For details please see the draft Handbook and the DG REGIO guide on Multi Benefits.
10European Maritime and Fisheries Fund (EMFF) Sustainable and resource efficient fisheries and aquacultureBiodiversity and ecosystems inlc. N2000Aquaculture methods compatible with N2000Recognition of the link with the PAFs and Operational Programs (OPs) required to show "appropriate approach" to environment including Natura 2000For more info on EMFF reform there's a fiche in \\net1\env\Public\ENV-Restricted\Dir-B\1.3.5 Contracts Management\ Procurement\SI _Financing Natura \Contract management\Deliverables\Workshops\Materials for the workshops
11LIFE Programme for the Environment and Climate Action LIFE as a catalyst;New structure: sub programmes for the Environment and Climate Action;Budget: €3.6 billion with 75% for ENV and 25% for Climate;New concept: integrated projects;More coordination with other funds;Multiannual work programmes;National allocations to be phased out;Co-financing rates: nature and biodiversity 60%, priority habitats and species a 75%.For more info on LIFE reform there's a fiche in \\net1\env\Public\ENV-Restricted\Dir-B\1.3.5 Contracts Management\ Procurement\SI _Financing Natura \Contract management\Deliverables\Workshops\Materials for the workshops
12PAFs and integrated projects Implementation of plans, programmes or strategies required by EU environmental or climate legislation;Larger scale, e.g., regional, multiregional, national;Primarily in the areas of nature, water, waste, air, climate mitigation and adaptation;They are inclusive: stakeholders must be involved as associated beneficiaries;Sustainability will be important as well as mobilisation of other funds (EU or other);
13Innovative financing instruments Payments for ecosystem services;Habitat banking;Pro-biodiversity businesses (biomass, certified food products);Low/Zero rate loans;Tax incentives;Carbon credits;User fees;Sponsorship, charities.Emphasize that innovative financing instruments might be used to bridge the financing gap, which is not covered by EU or national funding. In the draft Handbook there examples of projects financed with innovative instruments.
14Prioritised Action Frameworks (PAF) PAFs objectives:Strategic planning;Identification of priorities;Improve awareness about socio-economic benefits from Natura 2000;Identify and assess forms of funding for Natura 2000.Provide a general info on PAF objectives and then discuss the national PAF.
15Prioritised Action Framework Flemish Region's PAF dated May 2013Main objectives:Halt and prevent deterioration of the present conservation statusReach favourable conservation status or improve status by 2020 for 16 habitatsReach favourable conservation status for all habitats by 2050Reach favourable conservation status or improve status by 2020 for protected speciesReach favourable conservation status for all species by 2050.Regional nature conservation objectives outside Natura 2000The strategic management plan Natura 2000Regional priority action on eutrophying and acidiphying depositionsDefining ecological thresholds to mitigate local environmental pressuresMain measures: see dedicated presentationProvide a general info on PAF objectives and then discuss the national PAF.
16Prioritised Action Framework Walloon Region's PAF dated 31/01/2013to be completed (D: current experience with use of EU financial instruments, G: Key measures to achieve priorities) Main priorities and sources of funding identified6 Main objectives:Increasing the area of habitats of CI and habitats of species of CIImproving structures and functionsRecurrent management of habitats and speciesMonitoringAwareness-traisingCo-ordination and Updating the PAFMain objectives: Special focus on: swampy soils, hay meadows, calcareous meadows, bog areas, Black grouse, species of Annex II buterflies, Pearl MusselProvide a general info on PAF objectives and then discuss the national PAF.
17PAF: follow-up with EC services B.3 NatureD.1 Cohesion PolicyDG REGIOERDFCFB.1 Agricultural PolicyDG AGRIEAFRDC.2 Marine PolicyDG MAREEMFFE.3 LIFE NatureDG ENV
18Partnership Agreements Operational Programmes PAF: follow-up with MSPosition PapersSent to all the MSNatura 2000 and PAFs (mostly) recognisedPartnership AgreementsDG REGIO in the leadNegotiations on-goingOperational ProgrammesFor all the CSF fundsIdeally, reference to the PAF
19Next steps: opportunities and challenges Partnership Agreement;Operational Programmes;Consider nature/biodiversity for the whole programme cycle;Implementation; learn from the experience;Be smart, look for multiple benefits;Think out of the box – consider innovative financing instruments.
20Additional information Indicate that there are publications which can help the MS with programming of funds for Natura 2000.
21For more information, please consult: Contact:(Walloon and Brussels Regions)(Flemish Region)For more information, please consult:2121