Presentation on theme: "Commission proposal for a new LIFE Regulation (2014-2020) Committee of the Regions 16 February 2012."— Presentation transcript:
1 Commission proposal for a new LIFE Regulation (2014-2020) Committee of the Regions 16 February 2012
2 1. Context: the Multi annual Financial Framework (June 2011) Environment and Climate Action are integral part of all interventions and instruments.However, mainstreaming does not address all environment and climate needs.Thus, the need for a Specific Instrument – LIFE.Specific budgets for Environment and for Climate Action.
3 1. The context: Why LIFE? LIFE is too small to address all needs but LIFE is a catalyst: it provides a platform for the development and exchange of best practices and knowledge thereby improving, catalysing and accelerating changes;LIFE helps creating synergies across EU Funds: increasing the effectiveness and impact of the EU intervention;LIFE is the ideal instrument to show to regional and national authorities the benefits of investing in the environment sector and incentivising them to develop strategic frameworks for spending.
4 1. Context: The LIFE instrument The only EU financial instrument specifically targeting the environment.Since 1992, financed over 3100 projects contributing to over €2.7 billion to the protection of the environment.Public authorities and development agencies are lead beneficiaries in LIFE+ (42% in ).
5 1. Context: Impact Assessment LIFE is a successful instrument.EU Action for Environment & Climate is necessary.But…Better Thematic Prioritisation is needed.Further simplification is possible.Management can be improved.
6 1. Context: Stakeholder consultation & evaluations The proposal draws on an extensive analysis and broad consultation with stakeholders ( ):2 conferences (one on Nature and one on Environment);Ex-post evaluation of the LIFE Programme ( ) and the Mid-term evaluation of the LIFE+ Programme ( );studies commissioned from external consultants;an open online consultation on 'Your Voice in Europe';a consultation conducted by the Committee of the Regions;a consultation of the LIFE+ Committee members and Member States' environmental attachés, and an ad-hoc stakeholder meeting.
7 1. Context: Stakeholder consultation & evaluations CoR consultation:Targeting local and regional authorities.Received a total of 40 responses, mostly from Spain (11) and Italy (10).The most important problem is the lack of implementation and inadequate integration.Need for LIFE to catalyse and leverage change: specific support to Integrated Projects.
8 2. Objectives of the LIFE Programme LIFE should be used as a catalyst;LIFE should promote implementation and integration of environment and climate objectives in other policies and Member State practice, including mainstreaming;Emphasis will also be placed on better governance;Specific link to EU priorities: resource efficiency, biodiversity loss and climate adaptation and mitigation.
9 3. Structure Creation of two sub-programmes: LIFE sub-programme for EnvironmentLIFE sub-programme for Climate Action
10 3. Structure: the sub-programme for Environment LIFE sub-programme for Environment: three priority areas:Environment & Resource Efficiency:Development, testing and demonstration of policy approaches, best practices and solutions to environmental problems;Shift focus towards implementation through Integrated Projects (waste, water, air);Includes a specific objective in relation to Resource efficiency;Private sector oriented market-replication excluded (to be covered under Horizon 2020).
11 3. Structure: the sub-programme for Environment Biodiversity:Focused on Natura2000 (in particular Integrated Projects to implement Prioritised Action Frameworks);and the implementation of EU Biodiversity Strategy 2020;Best practice and demonstration for nature and biodiversity50% of resources allocated to projects under the sub-programme for Environment.
12 3. Structure: the sub-programme for Environment Environmental Governance & Information:Supports information and awareness raising projects and activities and facilitates knowledge sharing;Supports cooperation networks, and best practices for enforcement and compliance;Promotes better governance and supports environmental NGOs.
13 3. Structure: the Sub-programme for Climate Action Multiannual Financial Framework for sets out budgetary framework and main orientations for delivering Europe 2020 strategyClimate as integral part of all main instruments and interventions“Mainstreaming”Commission’s intention to increase the proportion of climate related expenditure to at least 20% in the next EU budget ( ) Also LIFE should contribute to that goalSource: Memorandum to the Commission, page 113
14 3. Structure: the sub-programme for Climate Action LIFE sub-programme for Climate ActionThree priority areasClimate Change MitigationClimate Change AdaptationClimate Governance and Informationtranslated intoSpecific objectives
15 3. Structure: the sub-programme for Climate ActionPriority areas and their objectives:Climate Change Mitigation contributes to the reduction of greenhouse gas emissionsClimate Change Adaptation supports efforts leading to increased resilience to climate changeSpecific objectives:implement and develop Union policy and legislation and mainstream activities across policy areasimproving and apply knowledge base in practicedevelop and implement integrated strategies and action plansDevelop and demonstrate innovative technologies, systems, methods and instruments for replication, transfer or mainstreamingStreamlined delivery system:Two-step approach to select Integrated ProjectsIncreasing use of lump-sums and flat ratesIneligibility of certain costs15
16 3. Structure: the sub-programme for Climate Action LIFE Climate Governance and Information contributes to raising awareness, communication, networks, cooperation platforms, raise compliance and enforcement of legislation, better governance and dissemination on climate mitigation and adaptation actions16
17 Example: awareness raising project currently funded under LIFE+ A Member State with a large GHG emission, large renewable energy potential, and in need of adaptation strategiesNGO raises awareness of climate impactsAmong leading politicians and businessesStimulates initiatives to support practical local climate measuresNetwork of 220 people, training for 1400 local managersPilot low carbon development programmeMainstreaming of climate action at local levelIncreased knowledge and awareness of climate threats and of ways to protect the climate.Example of an awareness raising project1. Poland is one of the EU’s largest greenhouse gas emitters because of its reliance on coal power. Poland also has a large capacity to reduce its emissions and to remove CO2 through the use of carbon sinks. Energy saving measures can reduce the impact on climate whilst allowing the country to maintain competitiveness. Poland also has significant renewable energy potential; as such energy sources can meet 47% of total energy requirements. In preparation for expected major climatic changes, more active efforts are required by local authorities and by the public to protect the climate and to adapt to changes.A project managed by an NGO in Poland has the main goal to raise awareness of climate change among leading politicians and businesses and to stimulate initiatives in support of practical local measures to protect the climate and adapt to any changes. Specifically, the project is stimulating co-operation at a local level for climate mitigation and adaptation to climate change and works to enhance and focus measures by local administrations. It also promotes the importance of the need to integrate measures for climate protection and adaptation to climate change into local development.The main result will be an increased knowledge and awareness of potential threats posed by climate change and of ways to protect the climate. Other quantifiable results will include a network of responsible, civic-minded people who will work to actively protect the climate at local level. At the end of the project, this network should bring together more than 220 people; the creation of a group of 10 young professionals who can help inform and educate local authorities; 85 training courses for some local managers (1/3 of all Polish counties); and a pilot low-carbon development programme. The aim is to encourage other local authorities to launch similar initiatives and to use other EU funding opportunities, such as Structural Funds to implement measures for climate protection and adaptation to climate change.17
18 4. The tools to achieve the objectives: Types of Funding Action Grants, both traditional and larger, Integrated Projects;Operating Grants;Other types of funding (e.g., studies, conferences, etc.);Possibility to make contributions to innovative financial instruments.
19 4. Types of Funding: Integrated Projects Aiming at implementation of plans, programmes or strategies required by EU environmental or climate legislation or pursuant to other acts or developed by MS authorities;Larger scale, e.g., regional, multiregional, national;Primarily in the areas of nature, water, waste, air, climate mitigation and adaptation;They are inclusive: stakeholders should be involved;Sustainability will be important as well as mobilisation of other EU funds;Integrated Projects shall ensure geographical balance in line with the principles of responsibility sharing and solidarity.
20 4. Types of Funding: Integrated Projects What do stakeholders think?55% of YVIE respondents supported Integrated Projects. More specifically:42% support the approach for Natura2000;50% for other sectors such as water, marine and waste;Only 16% of respondents were opposedCoR85% of the respondents liked the idea of Integrated Project, appreciating their high added value;74% consider them quite feasible and 21% very feasible;Only 5% thought the concept not feasible;45% respondents indicated they will be submitting Integrated Projects proposals in the future.
21 4. Proposed targets for Integrated Projects 10% River basin district brought to adequate management12% Regions adequately managing waste10% of EU population benefiting from improved air quality25% habitats targeted by projects improved conservation status25% species targeted by projects improved conservation status3% ecosystem services restored15% Natura2000 network adequately managed.
22 4. Examples: IP - NatureA Region develops a Regional Programme for Natura2000 covering all 10 sites under its jurisdictionIt identifies a range of management and conservation activities.The region then identifies the financial needs for the implementation of these activities and submits a proposal for a LIFE Integrated Project.This project clearly specifies the activities or group of activities among those included in the programme that will be financed by LIFEe.g. the restoration and connectivity activities, capacity building, awareness raising.In addition, it presents evidence on how it will use other funds (EARDF, ERDF, private) to implement the complementary measurescompensation payments, correction of power lines, infrastructure etc.
23 National and regional fund, private sector funds 4. Examples: IP NatureCompetent body submits proposal for an Integrated Project under LIFE covering specific activitiesLIFECohesion FundEARDFHorizon 2020ESFERDFProposal shows how other Funds will be used to finance complementary activitiesOther funds are mobilised at national/ regional level to finance complementary activities included in the planCompetent BodyDraftsProgramme &Financial planAgricultural measuresTraining farmersOthersLarge infrastructureScientific studiesManagement bodiesInstitutional capacityTourism promotionDecontaminationRisk managementRecurrent managementVisitors facilitiesLand purchaseIAS Habitat restorationEducation & awarenessManagement plansMonitoringSpecies ConservationNational and regional fund, private sector funds
24 4. Examples: IP – Nature A real example: Combining EU Funds in Laplaand The aim of this project was to help the five largest protected areas in central Lapland so that ecotourism and recreational use can be organised on a sustainable basis.It combined LIFE (for planning), ERDF for construction of the tourism infrastructure and national funds (for construction of barns on the hay meadows)Lessons learned: the combination of fundsProvided the opportunity to make environmental objectives more ambitious without significant additional administrative costsProvided confidence in the approach; and it will be used in the future
25 4. Examples: IP- Nature A real example: NATURA 2000 in Slovenia Slovenia has developed a national Management Plan for Natura It is considering the idea of an IP, building on a previous LIFE project:A previous LIFE project led to a transnational co-operation between different actors and different sectorsSlovenia is developing legislation to ensure that IP are feasibleBenefits:Combining activities and different funding sources is considered to provide a real opportunity to bring together economic, social and environmental objectives leading to enhanced results.Practicalities:One single regulation and one set of guidelines would be required to cover administrative and reporting aspects across all funding instruments.To ensure IP are feasible it is essential that there is a strong project design phase with rigorous and detailed preparation which agree priorities across funding instruments.
26 4. Examples: IP- WaterA RBD Competent Authority develops a River Basin Management Plan as per WFDThe CA submits a proposal for a LIFE IP.This project clearly specifies the measures/activities or group of measures/activities among those included in the RBMP (and programme of measures) that will be financed by LIFEe.g. removal of obstacles for river connectivity to improve fish migration, development of monitoring methods, awareness raising, partnerships etc.)In addition, it presents evidence on how it will use other available Funds (e.g.ERDF, EARDF, public, private) to implement the complementary measures included in the programmecompensations payments, infrastructure etc.
28 4. Examples: IP –Air PM10 control in urban areas PM10 a precursor of IP Four Austrian LIFE projects are interconnected and all have PM10 control in urban areas as a main objective.Each project has been used as a further step in developing a more holistic approach and contributing to a long term plan.The four projects could theoretically have been combined into a single IP which drew on several funding sourcesPotential benefitsThe larger project would have greater impacts;The project would enable partners from different sectors to work together and allow a more effective; Combination of different priorities such as climate change, health and air pollution;IP would help to achieve economic development alongside environmental protection; Greater scope for innovationPracticalities:The project suggested a two-step application approach
29 4. Example IP- Climate Mitigation: Integrated Urban plan to reduce GHG Emissions Coordination(EC)National and regional funds, private sector fundsLIFE co-funding of Integrated ProjectLocal/regional management and implementation and supervision of projectsFundingGovernanceRegional authority/PPP:Develops a local or regional strategy or action plan with trans-regional elements.Regional strategy identifies needs and objectives and an action planOther fundsare mobilisedat national/regi-onal level to finance comple-mentary activi-ties included inthe planCohesionEU Co-fundingIntegrated ProjectCompetitions on reducing carbon footprintFacilitate introduction of low carbonaccounting toolsDemonstration of innovative energy efficiencytechnologyRefuelling stations for electric carsRaising awareness for energy efficiencyDevelop energy efficiency action planExamples of individual projects funded under the Integrated Project:Life action can be replicated and scaled up through EU instrumentsResearch
30 4. Example IP- Climate Adaptation: Sustainable Water Management in Rural Area Coordination(EC)LIFE co-funding of Integrated ProjectLocal/regional management and implementation and supervision of projectsFundingGovernanceRegional authority/ PPP:Develops a local or regional strategy or action plan with trans-regional elements.Regional strategy identifies needs and objectives and an action planOther fundsare mobilisedat national/regi-onal level to finance comple-mentary activi-ties included inthe planResearchCohesionCAPEU Co-fundingExamples of individual projects funded under the Integrated Project:Life action can be replicated and scaled up through EU instrumentsIntegrated ProjectInterregional cooperation to develop andimplement joint flood insurance schemeEcosystem servicesTest new systems to reduce water pollutionRenaturalise riverbedsBio algae research to improve wastewatertreatmentAwareness raising of farmers on climate impactsand resilient cropsDiscourage use of chemical pesticidesand fertilizersNational and regional funds, private sector funds
31 4. Types of Funding: Ensuring success of Integrated Projects At EU level:Ensure better link and coordination with other EU Funds - Common Strategic FrameworkSimplify selection process for IP: the 2-step approachSimplify reporting obligations for IPActive dissemination of examples and good practices by LIFE and in the specific working groups and committees for the sectors concernedTechnical assistance for MS facing problems to prepare an IPFor Natura2000: LIFE+ is already financing Prioritised Action Frameworks (PAFs) that will serve as a basis for IP.
32 4. Types of Funding: Ensuring success of Integrated Projects At National and Regional level:Better mainstreamingProvide the necessary legislative/institutional framework to allow the combination of FundsHelp to promote this proposed new approachWe need to work together to make it easier at national or regional level to mobilise various funding sources to complement LIFE IP.
33 5. Multi Annual Work Programmes Shift from a pure bottom-up approach to a flexible top-down approach;Prepared by the Commission in consultation with the MS.These will cover e.g., priorities, allocation of resources between interventions, and targets for the period – not exhaustive. Closer links to EU policy priorities and possibility to create critical mass in specific areas.They set priorities for at least 2 years ensuring stability for potential applicants.Priorities are not exhaustive: a proposal may be submitted if it falls within the priority areas included in the Regulation.Limitation: Integrated Projects primarily in areas referred to by the Regulation.
34 6. Territorial ScopePossible participation of Third Countries (as per current LIFE+).Possible co-operation with International Organisations (e.g., international studies such as TEEB).Activities outside the Union possible in exceptional cases:Action outside the EU is indispensable to achieve EU environmental/climate objectives; orTo ensure the effectiveness of interventions carried out in the MS; andThe coordinating beneficiary is based in the EU.
35 7. Simplification and complementarity Lighter Procedures, improved use of IT tools and larger projects, simplified rules on eligibility of costs.LIFE+ negative complementarity, whereas LIFE ( ) proposes a positive complementarity:Consistency with other EU priorities;Commission and MS shall ensure coordination between the LIFE Programme and Common Strategic Framework instruments (EARDF, ERDF, ESF, CF, EMFF), particularly in the context of Integrated Projects;Take up of solutions developed under LIFE (“multiplier effect”).
36 7. Simplification and complementarity Most problematic categories of cost for beneficiaries to be considered ineligible (VAT, permanent staff costs).To compensate for the loss of these categories, there is an increase in the co-financing rate (from 50 to 70% - to 80% for IPs).
37 8. A budget for achieving LIFE objectives €3.6 billion for (only 0.3% of EU budget):€2.7 billion for the sub-programme for Environment.€0.9 billion for the sub-programme for Climate ActionThe budget has been calculated in a bottom-up manner as the minimum to achieve objectives and targets.