4Why conserve biodiversity? A moral duty: to conserve the sheer variety of life on earthAn environmental asset: healthy ecosystems play a vital role in regulating the environment – eg a major tool for climate change adaptationAn economic imperative: ecosystem goods and services provide a whole range of direct and indirect economic benefitsOur life support system
5Ecosystem goods & services are important forProvision of goods – food, fibre, fuel, medicinesRegulation of the air we breathe and quality of our watersSoil fertility, pollination and other essential support servicesCultural benefits – from aesthetic enjoyment to spiritual solaceTEEB Report 2008:« The annual welfare loss generated by loss of ecosystems services will amount to 6% of the global GDP by 2050 »
6Loss of biodiversity in the EU Europe has suffered more human-induced fragmentation than any other continent (MEA, 2001)50% of wetlands and high-nature-value farmland gone40% of all European bird species have unfavourable conservation statusEU Health Check 2009« 50% of species and up to 80% of habitats of European conservation interest have unfavourable conservation status »
7What do Europeans think of Biodiversity They are familiar with the term “biodiversity”They consider its loss a serious problemThey believe they are not affected yetThey suggest measures to be takenThey make personal efforts (yet many don’t know what to do)They do not know “Natura 2000”
8Part 2: Current EU biodiversity policy - the 2010 target 8
9EU biodiversity policy development 2001European Council agrees to halt the loss of Biodiversity by 2010Biodiversity included in SDS and 6th EAP as priority2006EC Commu-nication and Biodiversity Action Plan (BAP)2008Mid-term review of the Biodiversity Action Plan (BAP)2009Health Check for Habitats and Species(only 17% are in ‘favourable condition’)201015 March: Post-2010 vision and target adoptedEndorsed by EU heads of state on 26 MarchEC contracting party to Convention on Biological Diversity (since 1993)9
102006 EU Biodiversity Action Plan Covers relevant sectors and horizontal policy areas in a unified wayProvides a joint approach by identifying what needs to be done at Community level and at MS level4 Policy areas10 Key Objectives46 Targets150 Priority actions
112006 EU Biodiversity Action Plan + Supporting measuresEnsuring adequate financing,Strengthening EU decision making,Building partnerships,Building public education, awareness and participationMonitoring evaluation and review
13BAP mid-term assessment Key findings (Dec 08):Despite some progress it is highly unlikely -based on current efforts – to achieve 2010targetSignificant additional commitment needed tocome close to targetAt global level a significant reduction in therate of loss of biodiversity is not beingachieved
14Part 3: Towards a post-2010 biodiversity policy for the EU 14
15January 2010 Communication Aim: establish the level of ambition to underpin the EU post-2010 biodiversity policyMaintain political momentumInform policy developmentTrendsImplicationsAchievements and shortcomingsOptions for a 2020 target1515
16Post 2010 Biodiversity Policy - 2050 Vision - Biodiversity and ecosystem services – our natural capital – are preserved, valued and, insofar as possible, restored for their intrinsic value and to continue to support economic prosperity and human well-being, and to avert catastrophic changes linked to biodiversity loss.
17Options for a 2020 headline target 1. Significantly reduce the rate of loss of biodiversity and ecosystem services in the EU by 20202. Halt the loss of biodiversity and ecosystem services in the EU by 20203. Halt the loss of biodiversity and ecosystem services in the EU by 2020 and restore them insofar as possible4. Halt the loss of biodiversity and ecosystem services in the EU by 2020 and restore them insofar as possible, and step up the EU's contribution to averting global biodiversity lossOPTION RETAINED BY THE ENV COUNCIL AND ENDORSED BY THE EUROPEAN COUNCIL (March 2010)17
18Next stepsDevelop a fully-fledged strategy for biodiversity and ecosystem services by end 2010Internet stakeholder consultation will be open during the summer: views welcome!Seek to reach agreement at international level on an ambitious new global vision and targets at the 10th Conference of the Parties to the UN Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) in Japan this October.