5Statistics“The teenage birth rate declined 8 percent in the United States from 2007 through 2009, reaching a historic low at 39.1 births per 1,000 teens aged years” (Ventura & Hamilton 2011), but continues to be among the highest in western industrialized nations (Martin, J.A., et al. 2010). About three quarters of a million teenagers become pregnant each year and over half of these will give birth and become parents (Kost, Henshaw & Carlin, 2010). Thirty to fifty percent of all adolescent mothers have a second pregnancy and about 25 % have a repeat birth within two years of the first (National Campaign to Prevent Teen Pregnancy [NCPTP], 2010a).”Pregnant and Parenting Students, The Role of the School Nurse (Revised2011). https://www.nasn.org/PolicyAdvocacy/PositionPapersandReports/NASNPositionStatementsFullView/tabid/462/ArticleId/120/Pregnant-and-Parenting-Students-The Role-of-the-School-Nurse-Revised-2011.
10North CarolinaBirth rates among teens, years of age have dropped 42% since 1990 across all 50 states and among all racial and ethnic backgrounds.US still highest among the industrialized nations.3 in 10 before 20th birthday.1 in 5 will have a second teen birth.Cost to society= 9.4 billion dollars.
15FACTSUniversity of Washington in Seattle found that teenagers who received some type of comprehensive sex education were 60 percent less likely to get pregnant or get someone else pregnant.And in 2007, a federal report showed that abstinence-only programs had “no impacts on rates of sexual abstinence.”
17Research Teenagers are having less sex Are using contraceptives more often.
18What is being taught?Mississippi does not require sex education, but when it is taught it must be abstinence only.New Hampshire requires a comprehensive course to include abstinence and contraceptive information.
19Curriculum Requirement in North Carolina Course Description:This course introduces students to responsible nurturing and basic applications of child development theory with children from infancy through age six. Areas of study include parenthood decisions, child care issues, prenatal development and care, and development and care of infants, toddlers, and children three through six. Emphasis is on responsibilities of parents, readiness for parenting, and the influence parents have on children while providing care and guidance. Art, English language arts, and science are reinforced. Work-based learning strategies appropriate for this course include service learning and job shadowing. Apprenticeship and cooperative education are not available for this course. Family, Career and Community Leaders of America (FCCLA) competitive events, community service, and leadership activities provide the opportunity to apply essential standards and workplace readiness skills through authentic experiences.
20This cartoon is satirizing the fact that teenagers still in school are having children while they are still childrenthemselves. Teenage pregnancy is an issue that needs to be directly addressed because the rate of teenage pregnancies is steadily rising, and will continue to rise without an interference.
21Is teenage pregnancy being addressed in North Carolina? How is it being addressed?What is being taught?
22Blueprint A PARENTING PERSPECTIVES 30% B2 PC01.00 Understand the parenthood decision. 16% B2 E/H/SSPC01.01 Understand readiness characteristics and factors that should be considered before becoming a parent % B2 E/H/SS CorePC01.02 Understand teen sexuality, teen pregnancy, and responsible decisions about abstinence versus sexual activity % B2 E/H/SS CorePC01.03 Understand family planning issues % B2 E/H/SS Supp
23North CarolinaHB 694 Requires parents provide written permission to schools before their children receive certain instruction in reproductive health and safety. To House Committee on Education.National Conference of State Legislatures 5/23/2014
24State Laws on Medical Accuracy in Sex Education North CarolinaN.C. Gen. Stat. § 115C-81Reproductive health and safety education must provide factually accurate biological or pathological information that is related to the human reproductive system. Materials used must be age appropriate, objective and based upon scientific research that is peer reviewed and accepted by professional and credentialed experts in the field of sexual health education. National Conference of State Legislatures 5/23/2014
25Bottom LineIs Parenting and Child Development Promoting Pregnancy? Answer?
30BibliograhpyBeadle, A.P. (2012). Teen Pregnancies Highest In States With Abstinence-Only Policies. Retrieved fromKost, K., Henshaw S. & Carlin L. (2010). U.S. Teenage Pregnancies, Births and Abortions: National and State Trends and Trends by Race and Ethnicity. Retrieved fromMartin, J.A., Hamilton, B.E., Sutton, P.D., Ventura, S.J., Matthews, T.J., & Osterman, M.J. (2010). Births: Final data for United States. National Vital Statistics Reports, 59 (1). Other Countries: United Nations Statistical Division. Demographic Yearbook New York: United Nations.National Campaign to Prevent Teen and Unplanned Pregnancy (NCPTP). (2010a). Why it matters. Teen pregnancy and education. Washington, DC: Author. Retrieved from
31BibliographyNCSL, 2014; Guttmacher Institute, 2014; Powered by StateNet.NCSL (National Conference of State Legislatures). (2014). Teen Pregnancy Prevention. Retrieved fromorg/research/health/teen-pregnancy-prevention.aspxVentura, S.J. & Hamilton B.E. (2011). U.S. teenage birth rate resumes decline. NCHS data brief, no 58. Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics. Retrieved from