School-Based Sex-related Education (SRE) Shalonda Coleman, MSEd., CHES Estelle Watts, MSN, NCSN Christine Philley, M.Ed., CFCS Mississippi Department of Education Office of Healthy Schools
House Bill 999 Passed in the 2011 Legislation Session, requires Mississippi schools to implement a SRE program. Signed by Governor Barbour, March 16, 2011
Prevalence of Selected Sexual Health- Related Behaviors Among Students in Mississippi Source: CDC, Youth Risk Behavior Survey
Teenage Birth Data In 2006, 435,427 births occurred to mothers aged , a birth rate of 41.9 per 1,000 women in this age group. In 2006, Mississippi was ranked the highest with a birth rate of 68.4 per 1000 In 2008, 435,000 births occurred to mothers aged , a birth rate of 41.5 per 1,000 women in this age group. In 2008, Mississippi was ranked the highest with a birth rate of 64.2 per 1000 Available at:
Impact of Teen Pregnancy on Mississippi Youth 2007 Ages Live Births 7,954 Repeat Births 1, Ages Live Births 7,310 Repeat Births 1, Ages Live Births 7,078 Repeat Births 1,496
Adolescent Data Approximately 140 babies were born to teenage mothers between the ages in Approximately 2,242 babies were born to teenage mothers between the ages in Available at
Although year olds make up just 15% of Mississippi's population, they represent: 76% of chlamydia cases70% of gonorrhea cases
In 2009, Mississippi ranked #6 nationally in HIV infection case rates among the 40 states with confidential reporting. 26% of HIV cases
By June 30, 2012, every school district must adopt a policy on: Abstinence-only education, or Abstinence-plus education By June 30, 2012, school districts must submit a selected policy, curriculum, and protocol for implementation to the Office of Healthy Schools Instruction to begin no later than the start of school year. HB999-SRE highlights
Boys and Girls must be separated for instruction Requires written notice of inclusion/exclusion School nurses responsible for implementation of program No effort to teach abortion as a means to prevent birth
HB999-SRE highlights The instruction or program may include a discussion on condoms or contraceptives, but only if that discussion includes a factual presentation of the risks and failure rates of those contraceptives. In no case shall the instruction or program include any demonstration of how condoms or other contraceptives are applied. Excerpt from House Bill 999 lines 71-76
Only or Plus: Whats the difference? Abstinence education shall remain the state standard for any SRE taught in MS public schools Any SRE includes instruction or program provided at an appropriate age and grade
Abstinence Onlymay include: The teaching of social, psychological and health gains associated with abstinence; the teaching of harmful consequences to adolescent sexual activity; the teaching of skills to deal with unwanted sexual advances, including the role of alcohol and drug use; the teaching of abstinence as the only way to avoid pregnancy, STD and related health problems; (continued)
Abstinence Onlymay include: discussion of condom and contraceptive use along with factual presentation of risks and failure rates; the teaching of state law related to sexual conduct; and the teaching that a mutually faithful monogamous relationship in context of marriage is the most healthy option.
Abstinence Plus MUST include all the components listed above Any programmatic curriculum that has been approved
Draft Implementation Plan Step 1: Best Practices Program should be sequential in its scope and age appropriate. Curriculum is medically accurate and meets the needs of students and the school district. District data should be reviewed and considered. Form a group of interested stakeholders including parents, community leaders and educators (health council) to give input on the plan, using the wellness policy as a guide Communicate with parents and community regarding the direction of this implementation, being as transparent as possible.
Step 2: Answer these key questions: Grade level where instruction will begin? Who will provide instruction? What curricula will be used? Consider the logistics of separating boys and girls for instruction. How will parent permission forms be handled?
Step 3: Develop District Plan to include: Procedures for maintenance and dissemination of permission forms Identification of staff who will be provide instruction Separation of boys and girls, management of time and space, including students whose parents have opted out Curriculum choices from the provided list of curricula Policy development and Board adoption Report choices to OHS by June 30, 2012 Begin implementation August 2012
Resources Available for You at House Bill 999 Draft Policies Implementation Plan Approved Resources House Bill 999 District Reporting Form House Bill 999 Supplemental Resources for Sex Education (RFP) For technical assistance questions and reporting:
Additional Resources & Technical Assistance **A workgroup has convened to review curricula. This group includes representatives from MDE, district/school level, the community and MSDH. Professional Development Trainings for instructors teachers, counselors and nurses were provided in September 2011 Health In Action Lesson Plans Health Education Curriculum
For More Information Contact: Shalonda Matthews – Estelle Watts – Christine Philley – Office of Healthy Schools Mississippi Department of Education