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Sexual Health Education: Definitions & Requirements Floridas HIV/AIDS Prevention Education Program /Education/HIV_STD/Default.asp.

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Presentation on theme: "Sexual Health Education: Definitions & Requirements Floridas HIV/AIDS Prevention Education Program /Education/HIV_STD/Default.asp."— Presentation transcript:

1 Sexual Health Education: Definitions & Requirements Floridas HIV/AIDS Prevention Education Program /Education/HIV_STD/Default.asp Nichole Wilder, Assistant Director, Office of Healthy Schools Ksena Zipperer, HIV/AIDS Prevention Education Coordinator Sexual Health Education: Definitions & Requirements Floridas HIV/AIDS Prevention Education Program /Education/HIV_STD/Default.asp Nichole Wilder, Assistant Director, Office of Healthy Schools Ksena Zipperer, HIV/AIDS Prevention Education Coordinator

2 Objectives Define Sexual Health Education Define Sexual Health Education Understand the need for Sexual Health Education, HIV/STD, and Teen Pregnancy Prevention in Florida schools Understand the need for Sexual Health Education, HIV/STD, and Teen Pregnancy Prevention in Florida schools Identify State Statutes requiring instruction of sexual health content Identify State Statutes requiring instruction of sexual health content Understand how sexual health education can be integrated into Science and Physical Education courses Understand how sexual health education can be integrated into Science and Physical Education courses

3 What is sexual health education? Sexual health education addresses: Reproductive health, interpersonal relationships and communication, affection, body image, gender roles, abstinence, disease and pregnancy prevention options.* Lessons are taught K-12, and should be designed to meet the needs of students at the various age and grade levels. Specific content and curriculum is determined by local school district policy. Source: * Teaching About Sexuality and HIV, author Yvonne Hedgepeth and Joan Helmich

4 Is sexual health education required in Florida schools? Yes! Required as Family Life instruction, a component of Comprehensive Health Education under Florida State Statute (2)(n). Parents can choose to opt their children out of the sexual health component of comprehensive health education.

5 HIV/AIDS in Florida HIV/AIDS in Florida 1 st in the nation for the number of AIDS cases reported to have been transmitted through heterosexual contact. 1 st in the nation for the number of AIDS cases reported to have been transmitted through heterosexual contact. 2 nd for reported pediatric cases (age < 13). 2 nd for reported pediatric cases (age < 13). 2 nd in the nation in terms of overall HIV incidence. 2 nd in the nation in terms of overall HIV incidence. 3 rd for the number of cumulative AIDS cases for all age groups. 3 rd for the number of cumulative AIDS cases for all age groups. Source: Florida Department of Health, Bureau of HIV/AIDS

6 Why do we need this instruction in Florida schools? 63% of 12th graders (approximately 102,100) have had sexual intercourse at least once. 25% of 12th graders (approximately 39,600) have had sex with multiple partners (four or more during their lifetime). 56% of 12th graders (approximately 91,600) reported they had engaged in oral sex at least once. Source: Florida Department of Health, Bureau of Epidemiology, 2009 Florida Youth Risk Behavior Survey

7 Why do we need this instruction in Florida schools? In 2011 AIDS related illnesses were the second leading cause of death of Black women ages The majority (82%) of female adolescents who were reported with HIV infection were infected via high risk heterosexual contact. Floridians between the ages of 15 and 24 represented only 13 percent of Florida's population in 2011, but accounted for 70 percent of reported cases of Chlamydia infections.

8 Implications of YRBS Data for Sexual Education in Florida 8

9 Locating More Youth Data

10 Florida State Statutes F.S Public K-12 educational instruction in Florida is based on the "Sunshine State Standards" Access the Next Generation Sunshine State Standards at:

11 Florida State Statutes Required Instruction F.S (2) (n) Comprehensive health education that addresses concepts of Comprehensive health education that addresses concepts of community health; consumer health; environmental health; family life including an awareness of the benefits of sexual abstinence as the expected standard and the consequences of teenage pregnancy; mental and emotional health; injury prevention and safety; nutrition; personal health; prevention and control of disease; substance use and abuse; and Internet safety. The health education curriculum for students in grades 7 through 12 shall include a teen dating violence and abuse component that includes, but is not limited to, the definition of dating violence and abuse, the warning signs of dating violence and abusive behavior, the characteristics of healthy relationships, measures to prevent and stop dating violence and abuse, and community resources available to victims of dating violence and abuse community health; consumer health; environmental health; family life including an awareness of the benefits of sexual abstinence as the expected standard and the consequences of teenage pregnancy; mental and emotional health; injury prevention and safety; nutrition; personal health; prevention and control of disease; substance use and abuse; and Internet safety. The health education curriculum for students in grades 7 through 12 shall include a teen dating violence and abuse component that includes, but is not limited to, the definition of dating violence and abuse, the warning signs of dating violence and abusive behavior, the characteristics of healthy relationships, measures to prevent and stop dating violence and abuse, and community resources available to victims of dating violence and abuse F.S (3) Written request student exemption…local control Access the state statues at

12 Florida State Statutes General Requirements for High School Graduation F.S (a)(6) One credit in physical education to include integration of health. F.S (a)(6) One credit in physical education to include integration of health.

13 Florida State Statutes Health Education; Instruction in Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (1) Each district school board may provide instruction in acquired immune deficiency syndrome education to include: Known modes of transmission Known modes of transmission Signs and symptoms Signs and symptoms Risk factors associated with AIDS Risk factors associated with AIDS Means used to control the spread of HIV Means used to control the spread of HIV Appropriate to grade level Appropriate to grade level Current theory and practice regarding HIV and its prevention Current theory and practice regarding HIV and its prevention Must include instruction in abstinence from sexual activity Must include instruction in abstinence from sexual activity

14 Collecting Local Data Does local data reflect that the sexual health education needs of our students are being met? of our students are being met?

15 Sample Lesson Integrates the Common Core State Standards through use of the Comprehension Instructional Sequence (CIS) Integrates the Common Core State Standards through use of the Comprehension Instructional Sequence (CIS) Article used is relevant to local Leon County students, and content is applicable to both Science and HOPE courses Article used is relevant to local Leon County students, and content is applicable to both Science and HOPE courses

16 Biology

17 HOPE


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