Presentation on theme: " So far, you have learned about how to say you are going to do something. (Aller + infinitive) Ex: Je vais faire les devoirs = I’m going to do my homework."— Presentation transcript:
So far, you have learned about how to say you are going to do something. (Aller + infinitive) Ex: Je vais faire les devoirs = I’m going to do my homework. Now you will learn how to say you will do something.
The “simple future” (Le futur) is so-named because it is a one-word tense. In other words, its formation is simple because there is no auxillary.
The simple future is used to refer to future events, that is, to make predictions. It is more formal than the immediate future (aller + infinitive) although both tenses may be used in most contexts. The future proche, also called the futur immédiat, typically refers to a time very close to the present moment, i.e, the near or immediate future. The futur simple, on the other hand, is often used for events in the more distant future. Because the simple future is associated with distant future events, it often takes on a detached, objective quality making it the preferred tense for future events that represent general truths.
To form the future tense, you first need the stem of the verb: For –IR and –ER verbs, the stem is the infinitive. Ex: the future stem for finir is finir, the future stem for parler is parler. For –RE verbs, the last E is dropped. Ex: the future stem for dire is dir, the future stem for prendre is prendr.
The endings for the future tense are: Je parlerAI=I will talk Tu parlerAS=You will talk Il/elle parlerA= He/she will talk Nous parlerONS=We will talk Vous parlerEZ= You (all) will talk Ils/elles parlerONT=They will talk
Je finirAI=I will finish Tu finirAS= You will finish Il/elle finirA=He/she will finish Nous finirONS=We will finish Vous finirEZ=You (all) will finish Ils/elles finirONT=They will finish
Je prendrAI=I will take Tu prendrAS=You will take Il/elle prendrA= He/she will take Nous prendrONS=We will take Vous prendrEZ=You (all) will take Ils/elles prendrONT=They will take
Je parle à Mademoiselle James. Damon dors bien. Mimi et Vidya marchent vite. Toi et Shadden choisissez un dessert. Tu étudies le chinois. Yara et moi prenons le métro.
Some irregular verbs in the present also have irregular stems in the future. THE ENDINGS WILL ALWAYS BE THE SAME.
Je serAI =I will be Tu serAS=You will be Il/elle serA=He/she will be Nous serONS=We will be Vous serEZ=You (all) will be Ils/elles serONT=They will be
J’aurAI=I will have Tu aurAS=You will have Il/elle aurA=He/she will have Nous aurONS=We will have Vous aurEZ=You (all) will have Ils/elles aurONT=They will have
INFINITIVESTEMFUTURETRANSLATION AllerIr-J’iraiI will go CourirCourr-Je courraiI will run DevoirDevr-Je devraiI will be obligated to EnvoyerEnverr-J’enverraiI will send FaireFer-Je feraiI will do/make FalloirFaudr-Il faudraIt will be necessary MourirMourr-Je mourraiI will die
INFINITIVESTEMFUTURETRANSLATION ObtenirObtiendr-J’obtiendraiI will obtain PouvoirPourr-Je pourraiI will be able RecevoirRecevr-Je recevraiI will receive SavoirSaur-Je sauraiI will know VenirViendr-Je viendraiI will come VoirVerr-Je verraiI will see VouloirVoudr-Je voudraiI will want