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The future tense 1- Use 2- Formation 3- Time indicators.

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Presentation on theme: "The future tense 1- Use 2- Formation 3- Time indicators."— Presentation transcript:

1 The future tense 1- Use 2- Formation 3- Time indicators

2 1- Use The future tense is used to describe something that is going to happen or will / shall happen later on. The future tense is used to describe something that is going to happen or will / shall happen later on. As in English, there are three main ways of describing the future action. As in English, there are three main ways of describing the future action.

3 2-1- The immediate future (in English going to + verb) The French structure is aller verb in the present tense + an infinitive (that is to say a verb ending in ER, IR or RE). The French structure is aller verb in the present tense + an infinitive (that is to say a verb ending in ER, IR or RE). Je vaisjouer Je vaisjouer Tu vas jouer Tu vas jouer Il, Elle, On vafaire Il, Elle, On vafaire Nous allonsfaire Nous allonsfaire Vous allezfinir Vous allezfinir Ils, Elles vontfinir (…) Ils, Elles vontfinir (…)

4 Examples une glace faire du shopping manger Tu vas Elle va jouer au foot Je vais

5 2-2- The future tense (In English, will/shall + verb) The French structure is the infinitive form of the verb + the specific future endings. The French structure is the infinitive form of the verb + the specific future endings. Dont forget to remove the e of RE verbs before you do so! Dont forget to remove the e of RE verbs before you do so! Jejouerai Jejouerai Tu joueras Tu joueras Il, Elle, Onchoisira Il, Elle, Onchoisira Nouschoisirons Nouschoisirons Vousboireez Vousboireez Ils, Elles boireont Ils, Elles boireont

6 AI AI ASEZ ASEZ AONT AONT ONSEZ ONSEZONT AI Add to the infinitif AI Add to the infinitif AS for the future tense AS for the future tense A ONS ONS

7 2-4- Irregular verbs Here is the list of verbs that alter their stem in the future tense. Once it is altered, it stays the same for all the subject pronouns. Êtreser + endings Avoiraur + endings Allerir + endings Fairefer + endings Pouvoirpourr + endings Savoirsaur + endings Vouloirvoudr + endings Venirviendr + endings

8 2-3- The present (!) You may express a future idea with a present tense. Examples: Ce week-end, je reste à la maison. Lannée prochaine, je pars en Italie.

9 3- Time indicators Demain(tomorrow) Après(later) Ce soir(tonight) Cet après-midi(this afternoon) Ensuite(after) Plus tard(later on) Pendant les vacances (during the holidays) Le week-end prochain(Next week-end) Lannée prochaine(Next year)


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