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Le Futur OBJECTIVES Saying what you are going to do Using the immediate future and the simple future.

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Presentation on theme: "Le Futur OBJECTIVES Saying what you are going to do Using the immediate future and the simple future."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Le Futur OBJECTIVES Saying what you are going to do Using the immediate future and the simple future

3 You have learned lots of verbs in the present tense. They are all very useful when you want to talk about what is happening now, or every day. But you may want to talk about things that havent happened yet, that are in the future.

4 One way of doing this is to use the immediate future (in French the futur proche). This is really easy. All you do is take the present tense of the verb aller (to go) and put an infinitive on the end. Je vais – I go / I am going Je vais + manger – I am going to eat But do you remember the verb aller?

5 Decide if what you hear is a future or not and then in the box provided write what you hear in French and the translation in English Check

6 Decide if what you hear is a future or not and then in the box provided write what you hear in French and the translation in English

7 LE FUTUR simple Now another way of saying things in the future is to use: LE FUTUR SIMPLE

8 LE FUTUR simple 1.Verbs ending in ER Take the infinitive (the form of the verb you find in the dictionary) -e-example: (to eat) = manger add the following endings Je–aiNous-ons Tu–asVous-ez Il/Elle/On –aIls/Elles -ont

9 LE FUTUR simple ai I will eatje manger ai as You will eatTu manger as a He will eatIl manger a a She will eatElle manger a ons We will eatNous manger ons ez You will eatVous manger ez ont They will eatIls/elles manger ont

10 LE FUTUR simple 2. Verbs ending in IR Take the infinitive (the form of the verb you find in the dictionary) example: (to finish) = finir Add the same endings as you would for –ER verbs: Je –aiNous -ons Tu –asVous -ez Il/Elle/On –a Ils/Elles -ont

11 I will finish je finir ai You will finish Tu finir as He will finish Il finir a She will finish Elle finir a We will finish Nous finir ons You will finish Vous finir ez They will finish Ils/elles finir ont

12 e = vendr 3. Verbs ending in RE Take the infinitive (the form of the verb you find in the dictionary) example: (to sell) = vendre get rid of e = vendr Add the following endings: Je –aiNous -ons Tu –asVous -ez Il/Elle/On –a Ils/Elles -ont *Yes, theyre the same endings as for –ER and –IR verbs!

13 I will sell je vendr ai You will sell Tu vendr as He will sell Il vendr a She will sell Elle vendr a We will sell Nous vendr ons You will sell Vous vendr ez They will sell Ils/elles vendr ont

14 Now can you find the future of the following verbs Write them in the table in the next slide: JeTuIl/elleNousVousIls/elles Regarder (je), écouter (tu), chanter (il), danser (nous), choisir (vous), apprendre (elles), prendre (tu), ouvrir (tu), mentir (elles), sentir (vous), rigoler (nous), mettre (je), penser (il), croire, fermer (nous), étudier (elles), bavarder (je), ranger (tu), sortir (nous), aimer (vous), jouer (tu), répondre (il), rester (vous), rentrer (il), prêter (vous), acheter (je), perdre (tu), fumer (vous), boire (il), voler (nous). Check

15 JeTuIl/elleNousVousIls/elles Regarder (je), écouter (tu), chanter (il), danser (nous), choisir (vous), apprendre (elles), prendre (tu), ouvrir (tu), mentir (elles), sentir (vous), rigoler (nous), mettre (je), penser (il), croire (tu), fermer (nous), étudier (elles), bavarder (je), ranger (tu), sortir (nous), aimer (vous), jouer (tu), répondre (il), rester (vous), rentrer (il), prêter (vous), acheter (je), perdre (je), fumer (vous), boire (il), voler (nous).

16 There are some verbs which do not follow this pattern; here are some of them: Etre (to be)je serai Avoir (to have)jaurai Faire (to do/to make)Je ferai Aller (to go) Jirai Pouvoir (to be able to)Je pourrai

17 Infinitivestemfuturetranslation aller ir- j'iraiI will go courir courr- je courraiI will run devoir devr- je devraiI will be obliged to envoyer enverr- j'enverraiI will send faire fer- je feraiI will do falloir faudr- il faudrait will be necessary mourir mourr- je mourraiI will die obtenir obtiendr- j'obtiendraiI will obtain pleuvoir pleuvr- il pleuvrait will rain pouvoir pourr- je pourraiI will be able recevoir recevr- je recevraiI will receive savoir saur- je sauraiI will know tenir tiendr- je tiendraiI will hold venir viendr- je viendraiI will come voir verr- je verraiI will see vouloir voudr- je voudraiI will want

18 Common stem spelling changes: Verbs with spelling changes like appeler, employer, and acheter add -r to the present tense je form to create their future stems present tensestemfuturetranslation j'appelle appeller- j'appelleraiI will call j'emploie emploier- j'emploieraiI will use j'achète achèter- j'achèteraiI will buy Other -er verbs verbs with spelling changes including préférer, manger, and commençer have regular future stems.regular future More verbs with irregular stems used to form the futur simple.

19 Click on the link to practice and do all the exercises Extension exercises. Module 3.

20 1.cet été 2.pendant les vacances 3.ce soir 4.en juillet 5.en août 6.dans quelques mois 7.dans une semaine 8.la semaine prochaine 9.le mois prochain 10.le week-end prochain You will probably want to make your sentences more interesting by saying exactly when you plan to do something, so you may find the following time expressions useful. Can you find the English for each one on the right? A)this evening B)next week C)this summer D)in a week E)next weekend F)during the holidays G)in a few months H)next month I)in August J)in July C F A J I G D B H E Match the English and the French CONTINUE

21 1.cet été 2.pendant les vacances 3.ce soir 4.en juillet 5.en août 6.dans quelques mois 7.dans une semaine 8.la semaine prochaine 9.le mois prochain 10.le week-end prochain You will probably want to make your sentences more interesting by saying exactly when you plan to do something, so you may find the following time expressions useful. Can you find the English for each one on the right? A)this evening B)next week C)this summer D)in a week E)next weekend F)during the holidays G)in a few months H)next month I)in August J)in July C F A J I G D B H E Match the English and the French CONTINUE


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