Presentation on theme: "Traduisez en anglais? Je vais me marier un jour."— Presentation transcript:
1 Traduisez en anglais? Je vais me marier un jour. Seb va avoir cinq enfants.Callie va habiter dans une grande maisonGeorgia va faire le tour du monde.Sam va être riche.What tense are these sentences in? Can you translate them into English?
2 The Future tense – Le futur Talking about events in the future
3 Le Futur - introduction In French, as in English, there are three ways to discuss the futureUsing the present tense with an adverb of time. e.g. ‘We meet tomorrow’Saying what we are going to do in the immediate future, for definite plans e.g. ‘We are going to meet.’Saying what we will do in the future, even if our plans are not definite.e.g. ‘We will meet’
4 1. Present + adverb of time This is a form of the future used more in French than in English.You must havea present tense verban adverb of timeWe are playing football tomorrowNous jouons au football demainHe is going on holiday next TuesdayIl part en vacances mardi prochain.
5 Practice Can you translate the sentences on the left? Je joue au tennis demain.Il parle à sa mère lundi prochainElle est occupée la semaine prochaineI am staying at home tomorrowHe is eating at yours next SaturdayI am playing tennis tomorrowHe is speaking to his mother on MondayShe is busy next weekJe reste chez moi demainIl mange chez toi samedi prochain
6 2. The immediate futureWe use the immediate future to talk about future plans that are definitely going to happenWe can call this the ‘going to’ futureTo form the going to future you need:A subject e.g. jeA part of the verb aller e.g. vaisAn infinitive e.g. mangerWe can find infinitives in the ……DICTIONARY
7 The immediate future – 2 To use this tense you must know the verb aller – to go off by heart!! JeTuIlElleNousVousIlsEllesvaisvasvaallonsallezvont
8 The immediate future – practice Can you translate the sentences into English? Je vais parlerTu vas boireIl va resterNous allons dormirVous allez rireIls vont allerElles vont jouer au basketI am going to speakYou are going to drinkHe is going to stayWe are going to sleepYou are going to laughThey are going to goThey are going to play basketball
9 Practise -2 Can you translate into French? I am going to swimYou are going to winHe is going to leaveShe is going to go outWe are going to lose (perdre)They (men) are going to askJe vais nagerTu vas gagnerIl va partirElle va sortirNous allons perdreIls vont demander
10 Le futur – The Future tense The third way to talk about the future expresses what we will do in the future. It is less definite.The tense is easy to form. It uses infinitives of verbs and adds some special endingsThere are, however, some important exceptions!!
11 Le futur – formationFor –er and –ir infinitives you need only add the correct ending.For –re verbs you must take off the –e and add the same endings onto the -r
12 -er, -ir and –re verbs Je parler Tu parler Il/Elle/On parler Nous parlerVous parlerIls/Elles parlerThese sentences translate as … will speakaiasaonsezont
13 Exceptions to the rule!Although the endings stay the same, you need to learn different stems for some useful verbs.There is no rule, they need simply to be learned!
14 Exceptions aller to go avoir to have être to be faire to do savoir to knowdevoir to have topouvoir to be able toir- e.g. J’iraiaur- e.g. J’auraiser- e.g. Je seraifer- e.g. Je feraisaur- e.g. Je sauraidevr- e.g. Je devraipourr- e.g. Je pourrai
15 Practice – Translate the following sentences Je sortiraiTu choisirasIl mangeraElle joueraNous prendronsVous attendrezIls saurontElles ferontI will go outYou will chooseHe will eatShe will playWe will takeYou will waitThey will knowThey will do
16 Practice – 2 Translate the following sentences I will win (gagner)You will danceHe will finishShe will leaveWe will drinkYou will sayThey (men) will beThey (women) will haveJe gagneraiTu danserasIl finiraElle partiraNous boironsVous direzIls serontElles auront
17 The Future – Practice Now try and translate the following sentences. Je joue au cricket demainIl va aller en FranceNous ferons nos devoirsVous mangerez des frites?Ils vont rester chez moiI am playing cricket tomorrowHe is going to go to FranceWe will do our homeworkWill you eat the chips?They are going to stay at my house
18 Practice - continued I am going to drink Are you (a friend) swimming tomorrow?She will playWe will likeThey (men) are going to go to townJe vais boireTu nages demain?Elle joueraNous aimeronsIls vont aller en villeCONGRATULATIONS – YOU CAN NOW TALK ABOUT THE FUTURE IN FRENCH!!
19 Just a small point!The conditional which translates as ‘would’ can be formed very simply when you know the future tense!Instead of adding the future endings, just add the imperfect endingsJe jouerais = I would playIl ferait = He would doEasy isn’t it!
20 ils/elles nous tu je il/elle vous je eat a hamster go out with his/her rabbitbe funnybe able tosingdance withYour mumtravel toItaly‘do’skiiingeat a rabbitfinishhomeworkgo to theswimmingpoolgoto thehospitalsing withyour unclelose thematch‘do’dramaeat a horsehavea housebe selfishdo homeworkplaytennis withyourgrandmaWin theWorld cup(la coupedu monde)be able toeat a snaildrink acocktailgo outwith his/ herspiderbe stubborngo to themuseumspeakwithfriendsvisit thehospitalhave to buya presentspeak totheteachertakea chancego to thediscohave toDan`cewatch tvwith yourcousintravel to theUSAhave toworkjeil/ellevousje