Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Traduisez en anglais? 1. Je vais me marier un jour. 2. Seb va avoir cinq enfants. 3. Callie va habiter dans une grande maison 4. Georgia va faire le tour.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Traduisez en anglais? 1. Je vais me marier un jour. 2. Seb va avoir cinq enfants. 3. Callie va habiter dans une grande maison 4. Georgia va faire le tour."— Presentation transcript:

1

2 Traduisez en anglais? 1. Je vais me marier un jour. 2. Seb va avoir cinq enfants. 3. Callie va habiter dans une grande maison 4. Georgia va faire le tour du monde. 5. Sam va être riche. What tense are these sentences in? Can you translate them into English?

3 The Future tense – Le futur Talking about events in the future

4 Le Futur - introduction In French, as in English, there are three ways to discuss the future In French, as in English, there are three ways to discuss the future 1. Using the present tense with an adverb of time. e.g. We meet tomorrow 2. Saying what we are going to do in the immediate future, for definite plans. e.g. We are going to meet. 3. Saying what we will do in the future, even if our plans are not definite. e.g. We will meet

5 1. Present + adverb of time This is a form of the future used more in French than in English. You must have 1. a present tense verb 2. a n adverb of time We are playing football tomorrow Nous jouons au football demain He is going on holiday next Tuesday Il part en vacances mardi prochain.

6 Practice Can you translate the sentences on the left? Je joue au tennis demain. Je joue au tennis demain. Il parle à sa mère lundi prochain Il parle à sa mère lundi prochain Elle est occupée la semaine prochaine Elle est occupée la semaine prochaine I am staying at home tomorrow I am staying at home tomorrow He is eating at yours next Saturday He is eating at yours next Saturday I am playing tennis tomorrow He is speaking to his mother on Monday She is busy next week Je reste chez moi demain Il mange chez toi samedi prochain

7 2. The immediate future We use the immediate future to talk about future plans that are definitely going to happen We can call this the going to future To form the going to future you need: 1. A subjecte.g. je 2. A part of the verb allere.g. vais 3. A n infinitivee.g. manger We can find infinitives in the … …DICTIONARY

8 The immediate future – 2 To use this tense you must know the verb aller – to go off by heart!! Je Je Tu Tu Il Il Elle Elle Nous Nous Vous Vous Ils Ils Elles Ellesvaisvasvavaallonsallezvontvont

9 The immediate future – practice Can you translate the sentences into English? Je vais parler Je vais parler Tu vas boire Tu vas boire Il va rester Il va rester Nous allons dormir Nous allons dormir Vous allez rire Vous allez rire Ils vont aller Ils vont aller Elles vont jouer au basket Elles vont jouer au basket I am going to speak I am going to speak You are going to drink You are going to drink He is going to stay He is going to stay We are going to sleep We are going to sleep You are going to laugh You are going to laugh They are going to go They are going to go They are going to play basketball They are going to play basketball

10 Practise -2 Can you translate into French? I am going to swim I am going to swim You are going to win You are going to win He is going to leave He is going to leave She is going to go out She is going to go out We are going to lose (perdre) We are going to lose (perdre) They (men) are going to ask They (men) are going to ask Je vais nager Je vais nager Tu vas gagner Tu vas gagner Il va partir Il va partir Elle va sortir Elle va sortir Nous allons perdre Nous allons perdre Ils vont demander Ils vont demander

11 Le futur – The Future tense The third way to talk about the future expresses what we will do in the future. It is less definite. The third way to talk about the future expresses what we will do in the future. It is less definite. The tense is easy to form. It uses infinitives of verbs and adds some special endings The tense is easy to form. It uses infinitives of verbs and adds some special endings There are, however, some important exceptions!! There are, however, some important exceptions!!

12 Le futur – formation For –er and –ir infinitives you need only add the correct ending. For –er and –ir infinitives you need only add the correct ending. For –re verbs you must take off the –e and add the same endings onto the -r For –re verbs you must take off the –e and add the same endings onto the -r

13 -er, -ir and –re verbs Jeparler Jeparler Tuparler Tuparler Il/Elle/Onparler Il/Elle/Onparler Nousparler Nousparler Vousparler Vousparler Ils/Ellesparler Ils/Ellesparler These sentences translate as … will speak aiasaonsezont

14 Exceptions to the rule! Although the endings stay the same, you need to learn different stems for some useful verbs. Although the endings stay the same, you need to learn different stems for some useful verbs. There is no rule, they need simply to be learned! There is no rule, they need simply to be learned!

15 Exceptions allerto go allerto go avoirto have avoirto have êtreto be êtreto be faireto do faireto do savoirto know savoirto know devoirto have to devoirto have to pouvoirto be able to pouvoirto be able to ir-e.g. Jirai ir-e.g. Jirai aur-e.g. Jaurai aur-e.g. Jaurai ser-e.g. Je serai ser-e.g. Je serai fer-e.g. Je ferai fer-e.g. Je ferai saur-e.g. Je saurai saur-e.g. Je saurai devr-e.g. Je devrai devr-e.g. Je devrai pourr-e.g. Je pourrai pourr-e.g. Je pourrai

16 Practice – Translate the following sentences Je sortirai Je sortirai Tu choisiras Tu choisiras Il mangera Il mangera Elle jouera Elle jouera Nous prendrons Nous prendrons Vous attendrez Vous attendrez Ils sauront Ils sauront Elles feront Elles feront I will go out I will go out You will choose You will choose He will eat He will eat She will play She will play We will take We will take You will wait You will wait They will know They will know They will do They will do

17 Practice – 2 Translate the following sentences I will win (gagner) I will win (gagner) You will dance You will dance He will finish He will finish She will leave She will leave We will drink We will drink You will say You will say They (men) will be They (men) will be They (women) will have They (women) will have Je gagnerai Tu danseras Il finira Elle partira Nous boirons Vous direz Ils seront Elles auront

18 The Future – Practice Now try and translate the following sentences. Je joue au cricket demain Je joue au cricket demain Il va aller en France Il va aller en France Nous ferons nos devoirs Nous ferons nos devoirs Vous mangerez des frites? Vous mangerez des frites? Ils vont rester chez moi Ils vont rester chez moi I am playing cricket tomorrow I am playing cricket tomorrow He is going to go to France He is going to go to France We will do our homework We will do our homework Will you eat the chips? Will you eat the chips? They are going to stay at my house They are going to stay at my house

19 Practice - continued I am going to drink I am going to drink Are you (a friend) swimming tomorrow? Are you (a friend) swimming tomorrow? She will play She will play We will like We will like They (men) are going to go to town They (men) are going to go to town Je vais boire Tu nages demain? Elle jouera Nous aimerons Ils vont aller en ville CONGRATULATIONS – YOU CAN NOW TALK ABOUT THE FUTURE IN FRENCH!!

20 Just a small point! The conditional which translates as would can be formed very simply when you know the future tense! The conditional which translates as would can be formed very simply when you know the future tense! Instead of adding the future endings, just add the imperfect endings Instead of adding the future endings, just add the imperfect endings Je jouerais = I would play Je jouerais = I would play Il ferait = He would do Il ferait = He would do Easy isnt it! Easy isnt it!

21 dance with Your mum go out with his/her rabbit finish homework travel to Italy sing with your uncle lose the match have a house Win the World cup (la coupe du monde) speak with friends go out with his/ her spider play tennis with your grandma watch tv with your cousin be funny go to the swimming pool be selfish be stubborn visit the hospital take a chance go to the hospital do skiiing do drama be able to eat a snail have to buy a present go to the disco travel to the USA have to work have to Dan`ce go to the museum do homework drink a cocktail eat a horse eat a rabbit be able to sing speak to the teacher eat a hamster je tu il/elle nous vous ils/elles je


Download ppt "Traduisez en anglais? 1. Je vais me marier un jour. 2. Seb va avoir cinq enfants. 3. Callie va habiter dans une grande maison 4. Georgia va faire le tour."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google