Presentation on theme: "Everything’s an Argument"— Presentation transcript:
1Everything’s an Argument It’s time to argue for what you believe in.It’s time to make your voice heard.
2Presentation Overview: ESSAYS Purpose: Claim/ThesisDevelopment: FUNCTION of ParagraphsArrangement: SEQUENCING and PLACEMENT of ParagraphsStyle: ChoicesWill your voice truly be heard?
3Purpose: Claim/Thesis What’s the point? All writing makes an ARGUMENT by way of its CLAIMExamplesOreo cookies are better than hot chips.Beyonce’s voice is better than J Lo’s.No one should ever be seen wearing Crocs shoes.High stakes testing is the death of learning.Technology makes people stupid.
4Development: FUNCTION of paragraphs Each paragraph of an essay has a FUNCTION. In order to figure out the FUNCTION of a paragraph, ask yourself, -What is the purpose of this paragraph? -What is the author doing in this paragraph?
5Development: FUNCTION of paragraphs Ways Paragraphs Can FUNCTIONGrab reader’s attentionState claimAddress opposition/refute oppositionConcessionEstablish ethosAppeals to PathosState Reasons or Examples (logos)Writers state REASONS to support their claims. Writers give EXAMPLES to support their reasons.Writer presents REASONS and EXAMPLES through PATTERNS OF DEVELOPMENTPATTERNS of DEVELOPMENT
6Development: FUNCTION of paragraphs Writers use PATTERNS of DEVELOPMENT to approach essay topics. They may usejust one, but typically, they rely on a mix of the patterns to establish their claim:Narrative: tells a story or recounts a series of events.Compare/contrast: juxtaposes two things to highlight their similarities and differences.Description: emphasizes the senses by describing how something looks, sounds, smells, tastes, or feels.Definition: defining a termDivision and classification:Division: breaking of a larger whole into smaller partsClassification: categorization of objects into a larger wholeProcess: involves giving directions or telling the reader how to do something.Cause and Effect: analyzing the causes that lead to a certain effect or, conversely, the effects that result from a cause.
7Arrangment: SEQUENCING/PLACEMENT of paragraphs When reading and writing arguments, it’s also important to pay attention to HOW a writer develops his/her argument through sequencing.When analyzing sequencing and the placement of paragraphs, ask yourself, -How does the previous paragraph relate to the current paragraph? -How does the following paragraph relate to the current paragraph? -WHY does the author put this paragraph here?
8Arrangement: SEQUENCING/PLACEMENT of paragraphs Placement/Organization StrategiesEstablish credibility early onAddress opposition in the beginning/middle/endState claim at the beginning/middle/endStart with the strongest reason or exampleSave the strongest example/reason for lastProvide examples to support argument in the body of the essayThe most logical sequence of examples
9STYLE: Choices The choices writers make are RHETORICAL CHOICES Just as writers choose to include an emotional or logical appeal, they choose how to present information and how to develop that information.Everything in writing is a CHOICE: Words, syntax, even punctuation!
10Activities Small group discussions Large group discussions Journaling One analysis examTwo essays (writer’s choice)Vocabulary Quizzes (continued)
11So what?In the following weeks, we will be reading several small texts (essays, articles, etc.) Based on today’s presentation, what should you be thinking about as you read, question, prepare, and discuss the texts for class?On a separate sheet of paper, answer the following:Journal Entry #1: What are topics, issues, or ideas that you think are worth exploring in our class? What topics do YOU feel strongly about?