Presentation on theme: "A slow and tedious process"— Presentation transcript:
1 A slow and tedious process Bill to LawA slow and tedious process
2 Some Facts Bills fall into two categories Private concern individual people or placesPublic bills apply to the entire nation and involve matters like taxationA bill can become law
3 Other types of Legislation Congress also considers resolutions which are formal statements expressing lawmakers’ opinions or decisionsDo not always have the force of lawH. Res 833
4 Joint ResolutionsJoint resolutions if passed by both houses of Congress and signed by the President do be come lawInvolve constitutional issues and to designate money for specific purposesbalance budget amendment
5 Step 1: Bill begins with an idea Ideas for bills can come from private citizens, the White House, or from special-interest groupsWhatever the source-a member of Congress must introduce the bill
6 Step 2: Bill is ProposedWhen a Representative has written a bill, the bill needs a sponsor. The Representative talks with other Representatives about the bill in hopes of getting their support for it. Once a bill has a sponsor and the support of some of the Representatives, it is ready to be introduced.
7 Step 3: Bill is Introduced Representatives introduce bills by placing them in the bill hopper attached to the side of the clerk’s desk.A bill clerk assigns it a number that begins with H.R.A reading clerk then reads the bill to all the Representatives, and the Speaker of the House sends the bill to one of the House standing committees.Bills are retrieved from the hopper and the Speaker of the House refers to committees with the appropriate jurisdiction.
8 Step 4: The Bill Goes to Committee After a bill is introduced it is sent to a standing committee that is related to the bill’s subjectThe Committee can:PASS THE BILL/ReportedMARK UP THE BILLREPLACE IT WITH A NEW BILLIGNORE THE BILL AND LET IT DIE (Pigeonholing)KILL THE BILL (by a majority vote)
9 Step 5: Bill is DebatedIf a bill manages to make it out of committee it is ready for consideration by the full House or Senate.During the debate members of the house speak for or against the legislation and can offer amendmentsHouse can only offer relevant amendmentsSenate allows riders completely unrelated to bill (pork barrel projects)
10 Rules of the DebateBoth the House and the Senate have Rules Committees that establish the rules of the debateExample how long can the Reps or Senators speakBecause the Senate is smaller – debate is less regulated this can lead to afilibuster-which is essentially talking a bill to deathThe only way to end a filibuster is through cloture (3/5th of the members vote to end debate
11 Step 6: Bill is voted onAfter the debate, the bill is brought up to voteThree types of votes in the House:Simple voice vote “yea” or “no”Standing vote where members stand to be countedRecorded vote where members cast their votes electronicallyBill passes with a simple majority
12 Senate VotingUses the voice vote, standing vote and a “roll-call vote”During a roll-call vote each Senator votes when their name is calledBill passes with a simple majority
13 Step 6:House bill is sent to Senate Back to Step 2: committee assignment and the whole process starts again in the other house of Congress
14 Step 7: Conference Committee The bill must be passed by both houses of Congress in the identical formIf not a conference committee meets (comprised of both Senators and Representatives) to iron out the differencesIt is then sent back to both houses for a final vote/no amendments are added
15 Step 8: Bill goes to the White House Once the bill has made it out of both houses of Congress it is sent to the PresidentPresident has 4 optionsSign the bill and declare it a new lawVeto it or refuse to sign the billDo nothing for 10 daysIf Congress is in session the bill becomes lawIf Congress is not in session the bill dies (Pocket Veto)