2 Step 1 Every Bill starts out as an idea These ideas can come from Congress, private citizens or from the White HouseSpecial Interest Groups may also try to influence Congress to write a Bill
3 Step 2Every Bill must start out and be introduced by a Congressman – either a Senator or a House MemberEvery Bill is given a title and number when it is introduced – H.R.1 or S.1
4 Step 3After it is introduced, each Bill is then sent to the standing committee that seems most qualified to handle it.
5 Step 4Committees receive hundreds of Bills and they decide the life or death of these billsThose that hold merit are sent to a subcommittee to research (public hearings may be held)
6 Step 5The subcommittee will report to the standing committee who will decide if the Bill shouldPass without changesHave changes and pass it alongReplace the Bill with a alternative oneKill the Bill
7 Step 6If a Bill is approved by the committee, then it is ready for consideration by the full House or the Senate.When Bills reach the floor, the members argue their pros and consThe Senate (only) can add ridersThe Senate also allows filibusters which can only be stopped by a 3/5ths vote for cloture
8 Step 7 When members of Congress are ready to vote they may do so by Voice VoteStanding VoteRoll-call or today’s Computerized VoteA simple majority is all that is needed to pass a Bill. If either house refuses to pass it, it diesThe Bill must be passed in identical formats in both houses – conference committees may be needed
9 Step 8 Presidential Action is the final step Veto: refuse to sign Congress can override the veto with a 2/3rds vote in each house – very unlikelySign the Bill into LawDo nothing for 10 daysIn session – the Bill becomes a LawOut of session – the Bill dies – POCKET VETO