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WORLD WAR II BEGINS Chapter 24 Section 2. “Peace in Our Time” BBy 1940, Hitler had rebuilt the German army and was bent on conquest EEuropean leaders.

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Presentation on theme: "WORLD WAR II BEGINS Chapter 24 Section 2. “Peace in Our Time” BBy 1940, Hitler had rebuilt the German army and was bent on conquest EEuropean leaders."— Presentation transcript:

1 WORLD WAR II BEGINS Chapter 24 Section 2

2 “Peace in Our Time” BBy 1940, Hitler had rebuilt the German army and was bent on conquest EEuropean leaders didn’t try and stop Hitler Gave into his demands What were the 3 reasons European leaders believed Hitler could be satisfied and war could be avoided? (pg. 714 1 st column 2 nd paragraph)

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5 Austrian Anschluss IIn late 1937, Hitler called for the unification of all German speaking people 11 st two targets: Austria and Czechoslovakia What was his reasoning for taking these lands? IIn Feb. 1938, Hitler threatened to invade Austria if Austrian Nazis were given gov’t posts Austrian Chancellor gave into demands Weeks later he tried to put unification with Germany to a democratic vote In response Hitler sent troops into Austria in March= Anschluss- >unification of Austria and Germany

6 Austrian Anschluss

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8 Munich Crisis and Appeasement  Shortly after annexing Austria, Hitler stated he wanted the Sudetenland, area of Czechoslovakia with large German-speaking pop.  Why was it going to be more difficult for Hitler to take the Sudetenland? (pg. 714 2 nd column 1 st paragraph)  Czechs opposed Germany’s demands  France threaten war and U.S.S.R. promised assistance

9 Munich Conference

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11 Neville Chamberlain

12 Munich Crisis and Appeasement  To prevent war reps. from Britain, France, Italy, and Germany met at the Munich Conference  Sept. 29, 1938, Britain and France agreed to give into Hitler's demands->appeasement Gave Germany the Sudetenland and if Czechs didn’t want to they would have to fight Germany on their own  In March of 1939, Hitler captured the rest of Czechoslovakia Appeasement failed

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14 Danzig and the Polish Corridor  After Munich Conference->Hitler focused on Poland  In Oct. of 1938, demanded Danzig->Baltic Sea port Also wanted a railroad across the Polish Corridor - >connect Germany w/ East Prussia  France and Britain stated that if Germany invaded Poland they would declare war  May 1939-> Hitler ordered German army to prepare for a Polish invasion Also ordered his foreign minister to begin negotiations with U.S.S.R.

15 Nazi-Soviet Nonaggression Pact  Signed on August 23, 1939, stated Germany and USSR wouldn’t go to war against each other  USSR wanted to divide capitalist nations in war  Shocked the world b/c Nazism and Communism opposed each other  Agreed to split Poland b/w themselves

16 Nonaggression Pact

17 War Begins  On Sept. 1, 1939, Germany invaded Poland from the west, Soviets from the east  Sept. 3 Britain and France declared war on Germany, WWII had begun  German Blitzkrieg led to quick conquest of Poland in 26 days

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19 Invasion of Poland

20 Fall of France  Germans referred to situation w/ France as the Sitzkrieg-> sitting war  Britain and France were defensive waiting for German attack Built up concrete bunkers along the Maginot Line-> bordered Germany Allowed for Hitler to take Poland, Norway, and Denmark Secured northern flank  In order to avoid the Maginot Line, Hitler would have to attack through the Netherlands, Belgium, and Luxembourg

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22 Fall of France  Britain and France predicted German attack through Belgium->big mistake  Germans sent their tanks and forces through the Ardennes Mountains of Luxembourg->French didn’t think this could be done  Germans smashed through French lines and proceeded to trap British and French forces in Belgium

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24 Miracle at Dunkirk  Germans pushed France and Britain toward English Channel  Captured all ports but Dunkirk-> British and French Troops headed there for evacuation Used 850 ships to evacuate estimated 338,000 troops Was called the “Miracle at Dunkirk”  Three weeks later, on June 22, 1940, France surrendered  Hitler created puppet gov’t-> Vichy gov’t under Charles Petain

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26 Miracle at Dunkirk

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28 Britain Remains Defiant  Hitler anticipated British surrender after France fell  Winston Churchill had other plans Read Churchill’s speech to Parliament, June 4, 1940

29 British Remain Defiant  Germany had to cross the English Channel to invade Britain  Hitler new in order to invade Britain they had to defeat the RAF (British Royal Air Force)  Battle of Britain (began in June of 1940)  RAF vs. Luftwaffe  Luftwaffe started w/ bombing British shipping  In mid-August, Luftwaffe focused on destroying RAF, by bombing strategic targets

30 Battle of Britain

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33 British Remain Defiant  On Aug. 23, German bombers bombed London  Britain responded with the bombing of Berlin the following night Enraged Hitler and he changed his focus-> wanted to terrorize British citizens into surrender->continued bombing London  British were outnumbered but had one major advantage- >radar Showed the locations of German planes  Day after day, British inflicted more losses on the Germans Led to Hitler calling off the invasion on Oct. 12, 1940

34 Battle of Britain

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37 British Radar

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