2 “Peace in Our Time”By 1940, Hitler had rebuilt the German army and was bent on conquestEuropean leaders didn’t try and stop HitlerGave into his demandsWhat were the 3 reasons European leaders believed Hitler could be satisfied and war could be avoided? (pg st column 2nd paragraph)
5 Austrian AnschlussIn late 1937, Hitler called for the unification of all German speaking people1st two targets: Austria and CzechoslovakiaWhat was his reasoning for taking these lands?In Feb. 1938, Hitler threatened to invade Austria if Austrian Nazis were given gov’t postsAustrian Chancellor gave into demandsWeeks later he tried to put unification with Germany to a democratic voteIn response Hitler sent troops into Austria in March= Anschluss- >unification of Austria and Germany
8 Munich Crisis and Appeasement Shortly after annexing Austria, Hitler stated he wanted the Sudetenland, area of Czechoslovakia with large German-speaking pop.Why was it going to be more difficult for Hitler to take the Sudetenland? (pg nd column 1st paragraph)Czechs opposed Germany’s demandsFrance threaten war and U.S.S.R. promised assistance
12 Munich Crisis and Appeasement To prevent war reps. from Britain, France, Italy, and Germany met at the Munich ConferenceSept. 29, 1938, Britain and France agreed to give into Hitler's demands->appeasementGave Germany the Sudetenland and if Czechs didn’t want to they would have to fight Germany on their ownIn March of 1939, Hitler captured the rest of CzechoslovakiaAppeasement failed
14 Danzig and the Polish Corridor After Munich Conference->Hitler focused on PolandIn Oct. of 1938, demanded Danzig->Baltic Sea portAlso wanted a railroad across the Polish Corridor >connect Germany w/ East PrussiaFrance and Britain stated that if Germany invaded Poland they would declare warMay 1939-> Hitler ordered German army to prepare for a Polish invasionAlso ordered his foreign minister to begin negotiations with U.S.S.R.
15 Nazi-Soviet Nonaggression Pact Signed on August 23, 1939, stated Germany and USSR wouldn’t go to war against each otherUSSR wanted to divide capitalist nations in warShocked the world b/c Nazism and Communism opposed each otherAgreed to split Poland b/w themselves
17 War BeginsOn Sept. 1, 1939, Germany invaded Poland from the west, Soviets from the eastSept. 3 Britain and France declared war on Germany, WWII had begunGerman Blitzkrieg led to quick conquest of Poland in 26 days
20 Fall of FranceGermans referred to situation w/ France as the Sitzkrieg-> sitting warBritain and France were defensive waiting for German attackBuilt up concrete bunkers along the Maginot Line-> bordered GermanyAllowed for Hitler to take Poland, Norway, and DenmarkSecured northern flankIn order to avoid the Maginot Line, Hitler would have to attack through the Netherlands, Belgium, and Luxembourg
22 Fall of FranceBritain and France predicted German attack through Belgium->big mistakeGermans sent their tanks and forces through the Ardennes Mountains of Luxembourg->French didn’t think this could be doneGermans smashed through French lines and proceeded to trap British and French forces in Belgium
24 Miracle at DunkirkGermans pushed France and Britain toward English ChannelCaptured all ports but Dunkirk-> British and French Troops headed there for evacuationUsed 850 ships to evacuate estimated 338,000 troopsWas called the “Miracle at Dunkirk”Three weeks later, on June 22, 1940, France surrenderedHitler created puppet gov’t-> Vichy gov’t under Charles Petain
28 Britain Remains Defiant Hitler anticipated British surrender after France fellWinston Churchill had other plansRead Churchill’s speech to Parliament, June 4, 1940
29 British Remain Defiant Germany had to cross the English Channel to invade BritainHitler new in order to invade Britain they had to defeat the RAF (British Royal Air Force)Battle of Britain (began in June of 1940)RAF vs. LuftwaffeLuftwaffe started w/ bombing British shippingIn mid-August, Luftwaffe focused on destroying RAF, by bombing strategic targets
33 British Remain Defiant On Aug. 23, German bombers bombed LondonBritain responded with the bombing of Berlin the following nightEnraged Hitler and he changed his focus-> wanted to terrorize British citizens into surrender->continued bombing LondonBritish were outnumbered but had one major advantage- >radarShowed the locations of German planesDay after day, British inflicted more losses on the GermansLed to Hitler calling off the invasion on Oct. 12, 1940
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