Presentation on theme: "War in Europe Ch 24 Sect 2 Pg 742. Union with Austria Majority of Austrias 6 million people were Germans who favored unification w/ Germany. Germany troops."— Presentation transcript:
War in Europe Ch 24 Sect 2 Pg 742
Union with Austria Majority of Austrias 6 million people were Germans who favored unification w/ Germany. Germany troops marched on Austria unopposed. Germany announced its union w/ Austria was complete. U.S. & the rest of the world did nothing.
Bargaining for the Sudetenland 3 million German speaking people lived in the western border regions of the Sudetenland. Hitler wanted to annex Czechoslovakia in order to provide more living space for Germany. France & Great Britain promised to protect Czechoslovakia.
Bargaining for the Sudetenland Hitler invited French & British prime ministers to a meeting in Munich. Hitler declared that the annexation of the Sudetenland would be his last territorial demand. Chose to believe him. Signed the Munich Agreement – turned the Sudetenland over to Germany. Adopted a policy of appeasement – giving up principles to pacify an aggressor.
Soviet Union Declares Neutrality Poland also had a sizable German speaking population. People thought Hitler was bluffing. B/C An attack on Poland would cause war w/ Russia, Polands east neighbor. Provoke France & Britain who pledged support to Poland. Hitler & Stalin signed a non-aggression pact – committed to never attack each other. Signed a 2 nd treaty to divide Poland in half
Blitzkrieg in Poland German air force bombed military bases, railroads, & cities in Poland. German tanks were sent across Polands country side. Germanys new form of warfare blitzkrieg – lightening war Britain & France declared war on Germany. Major fighting over in 3 weeks Soviet Union attacked Poland on east side to gain territory. WWII began!
The Phony War For several months France & Britain sat on the Maginot Line. A system of fortifications built along Frances east boarder. Waited for something to happen. Germans called it sitzkrieg sitting war Newspapers called it the Phony War
Fighting Soviet Union attacked Finland. Hitler launched a surprise attack on Denmark & Norway. Germany turned against the Netherlands, Belgium, & Luxemburg. Germany sent tanks through Ardennes to reach France w/o crossing the French & British troops. French & British thought Ardennes was impassable.
Fall of France Italy entered the war on the side of Germany & invaded France from the South. Germans are closing in on Paris from the north. Germans occupied northern France while a Nazi gov. ruled the South.
Battle of Britain Summer of 1940… Germans begin launching air raids over Britain b/c their navy is too weak. Goal was to gain total control of skies by eliminating the Royal Air Force. Every night for 2 months bombs were dropped on London. RAF fought back w/ new radar technology. Hitler called off the invasion. German bombers continue to bomb Britain to stop production & break civilian morale.
Answer these questions 1. What foreign policy actions did Hitler take after he came to power? 2. How did Britain and France respond to Germanys actions? 3. What action freed Hitler to invade Poland? 4. What new tactics did Germany use in attacking Poland? 5. What was the phony war? 6. What happened to France after the phony war? 7. What was Britains situation at the end of 1940? 8. What was the result of the Battle Britain?