Presentation on theme: "1 st Marking Period Reflection What would you like to see more/less of in the second marking period? Discussions? Projects? Assignments? Format of instruction?"— Presentation transcript:
1 st Marking Period Reflection What would you like to see more/less of in the second marking period? Discussions? Projects? Assignments? Format of instruction? Group work? Test preparation? The topics we will be covering in the 2 nd MP: WW2 Holocaust 1950s
WORLD WAR II BEGINS Chapter 20 Section 2
Path to War In 1935 Hitler began to defy the Treaty of Versailles. He began building up an air- force and began a military draft—both in clear violation of the treaty European leaders tried to negotiate with Hitler
THE AUSTRIAN ANSCHLUSS In 1937, Hitler called for the unification of all German people-including those in Austria and Czechoslovakia Anschluss He then sent troops into Austria (German speaking) in March and declared Anschluss or unification of Germany and Austria
Hitler then announced German claims to the Sudetenland (an area of Czechoslovakia with a large German-speaking population) Czechs resisted
Munich Conference: Britain, France, Italy, Germany Britain and France agreed to Hitler’s demands (Appeasement) Made concessions in exchange for peace
Hitler Demands Danzig A month after the Munich Conference, he demanded Danzig (90% German, in Poland) He also requested to put a highway and Railroad across the Polish Corridor His new demands convinced Britain and France that war was inevitable
March 31, 1939—Britain announces that if Poland went to war to defend its territory, Britain and France would come to its aid.
May Hitler ordered German army to prepare to invade Poland Ordered his foreign minister to begin negotiations with USSR Why would Hitler start talking to Stalin?
Who are the people portrayed? What is the overall meaning?
Nazi-Soviet Pact Hitler did not want to fight the Soviets as well Germany proposed a non-aggression treaty to the Soviets—Stalin agreed This pact shocked the world—Communism and Nazism were supposed to be totally opposed to each other No one knew about the secret deal to divide Poland between Germany and the Soviet Union
THE WAR BEGINS September 1, 1939-Germany invades Poland September 3, 1939-Britain and France declared war on Germany *WWII begins Germans used blitzkrieg or “lightning war” Large number of tanks to break through and encircle the enemy—with aircraft dropping bombs and paratroopers as support. September 27, Polish capital, Warsaw, falls to the Germans
Invasion of Poland
The Fall of France After World War I, the French had built the Maginot Line. (concrete bunkers along the German border). French preferred to wait behind the line for the Germans to approach---proved disastrous. WHY?
The Fall of France Disastrous because… It allowed Germany to concentrate on Poland first Hitler decided to go around it and into Belgium instead Weak border between Belgium and France
Miracle at Dunkirk After trapping the Allied forces in Belgium, the Germans began to drive them to the English Channel Only hope was for Britain and France to evacuate their surviving troops by sea Only port not captured by Germans was Dunkirk
Miracle at Dunkirk As the German forces closed in on Dunkirk—Hitler suddenly ordered them to stop No one really knows why…nervous about risking his tanks? Gave then British time to evacuate…. 338,000 British and French troops had been saved, a miracle Price: Had to leave most of the equipment behind
French Surrender 3 weeks later, France surrenders Germany now occupied much of Northern France and its Atlantic coastline. Installed a puppet government at the town of Vichy, France.
Winston Churchill New prime minister of Britain Germany expected them to surrender after France, but Churchill was defiant Intended to rally the British people and alert isolationist US to Britain’s trouble
Battle of Britain Hitler ordered his commanders to invade Britain Problem: had few transport ships to get across English channel; British air force would sink them Hitler needed to defeat the British Royal Air Force German air force, Luftwaffe, launched an air battle to destroy the Royal Air Force June- Oct 1940 Hitler’s goal: terrorize the British into surrendering
Battle of Britain Royal Air Force was outnumbered One major advantage though: new technology called radar Could detect incoming German aircraft and direct British fighters to intercept them Outcome: Germany lost 1,733 aircraft…Britain lost 915 fighter planes October Hitler cancels invasion of Britain