Presentation on theme: "Monday, January 13, 20141 Knowledge of Adult Learners Lesson 2 Rose DeJarnette."— Presentation transcript:
Monday, January 13, 20141 Knowledge of Adult Learners Lesson 2 Rose DeJarnette
Monday, January 13, 20142 What is learning? Learning is the means by which lasting change occurs in an individual –People have different motives, beliefs, values, needs, and purposes. –We think, conceptualize, perceive, and understand differently. –Even with the uncertainty of how adults learn, a set of learning fundamentals, characteristics, and styles have emerged
Monday, January 13, 20143 Learning Fundamentals Learning Fundamentals Retention and stages of learning are the two most important fundamentals. Materials that are significant to the learner will be remembered longer. Regardless of learning style, we learn more when the learning is a combination of two or more senses.
Monday, January 13, 20144 Learning Fundamentals 10 percent of what we read 20 percent of what we hear 30 percent of what we see 50 percent of what we hear and do 70 percent of what we say 90 percent of what we say and do Why do you think I became an instructor?
Monday, January 13, 20145 Adult Learning Characteristics Prefer self-directed learning Need to integrate new information into previous learning and experiences Expect information to be immediately useful Respond more to first impressions Are more willing to challenge the instructor Have attention span of 20 minutes
Monday, January 13, 20146 Unconscious Incompetence Stage 1 I am not competent, but I dont know that Im not competent. I have never tried snowboarding, but it should be a breeze because Ive been skiing for years.
Monday, January 13, 20147 Conscious Incompetence Stage 2 I now acknowledge Im incompetent Snowboarding wasnt a breeze, dude!
Monday, January 13, 20148 Conscious Competence Stage 3 After much practice I can perform the skill when consciously focusing on it. I can now snowboard down the hill without falling every single time. Snowboarding doesnt feel natural, like skiing, but if I really think about what I am doing, I can shred.
Monday, January 13, 20149 Unconscious Competence Stage 4 Ive mastered the skill. I can do it automatically and it seems natural. Im glad I took the time to become a Zen master at this skill. This really rips. I can cruise a smooth run, enjoy the scenery, and check out the chics.
Monday, January 13, 201410 Conscious/Unconscious Stage 5 I can discuss with confidence the skills it takes to do a front-side stale fish with a backside grab. I cant resist the temptation to call another patroller Grasshopper as I teach them how tear up the slopes on their board.
Monday, January 13, 201411 Learning Style Theories As adults are learning, they access key information which they have stored as visual, auditory, and kinesthetic representations. The key to successful learning is to bridge the differences on how we communicate as the instructor and how the student learns.
Monday, January 13, 201412 Learning Style Theories Each learning style can be categorized by four types of behaviors: –A preferred method for receiving information –Key system words or verbal expression used to describe communications –Eye movements when generating a response –Breathing patterns and speech habits
Monday, January 13, 201413 Visual Adults who prefer pictures and tend to see those things around them, rather than hear or feel the situation, are visually oriented people. Visuals eyes tend to loop up and to the right or left, or straight ahead softly defocused at a spot about two feet in front of their nose.
Monday, January 13, 201414 Auditory Adults who prefer sounds could be described as auditorial-oriented individuals. Auditories tend to keep their eyes level while looking to the right or left, or the look down to the left. Auditory learners may say I hear what you are saying, I hear what you are saying, I want you to listen carefully, or This sounds really good to me.
Monday, January 13, 201415 Kinesthetic Adults who prefer feelings are more aware of tactile sensations and visceral emotions. They are likely to process and represent their thoughts kinesthetically. These individuals tend to look down and to the right. Kenesthetics may say This feels really good or bad, Get a grasp on things, or That feels right to me.
Monday, January 13, 201416 Visual, Auditory, and Kinesthetic Shout Feel Show Preview Hit Ask Handle Glimpse Muffle Reveal Clear Voice Touch Sore
Monday, January 13, 201417 Closing An instructor needs to recognize the students preference, and provide the instruction appropriate to the learners representational system. Even better, training methods should be used that match the students mode of processing. By using a variety of training methods, learning success is ensured