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2 I N W ISCONSIN …...disciplinary literacy is defined as the confluence of content knowledge, experiences, and skills merged with the ability to read, write, listen, speak and think critically in a way that is meaningful within the context of a given field. 2

3 A UTHENTIC  “…all content area teachers should know what is distinct about the reading, writing, and reasoning processes that go on in their discipline, they should give students frequent opportunities to read, write and think in these ways; and they should explain how those conventions, formats, styles, and modes of communications differ from those that students encounter elsewhere in school.” 3 State Superintendent Adolescent Literacy Plan, Page 12

4 C REATE Y OUR O WN DL A NALOGY …  What is a symbol, graphic, or picture that comes to mind for you when you think of Disciplinary Literacy?  Disciplinary Literacy in my field is like a/the ________ because ________. y with the group… 4 An analogy is a comparison of similarities between things which are otherwise unlike.

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6 L ET ’ S B EGIN WITH D ISCIPLINARY L ITERACY IN WRITING  Just like reading, the writing in your class should match that done in your field.  Not “school writing”—Instead, we should be doing the kind of writing you want student to be doing in their careers. What are some authentic writing tasks you currently do or could begin to do? 6

7 A UTHENTIC WRITING  Learning to Write  Formal writing (draft, revision, final)  Writing to Learn  Informal writing (short & quick)  Research shows that having students stop and write several times during a class period, increases their learning significantly (such as when watching a video, while reading a text, or during discussion/demonstration). Estimate the number of times you have students write during a class period… 7

8 W RITING IN T HE W ORKPLACE …  You Tube “Writing in the Workplace” University of California – San Diego alumni talk about how writing skills learned in college apply to their everyday work and career development. 8 What types of writing are done in your field of interest?

9 CCSS…  Read through the ELA Grade 6-12 CCR & CCSS for Writing, Speaking/ Listening and Language.  Complete the chart with an elbow partner…  What are the expectations for your students?  Instructional Examples? 9 Resource: Literacy in All Subjects p.63-66 #1. What are the expectations for students? #2. Provide examples of ways to incorporate these expectations into your instruction?

10  CCSS Focus Skill Summary Chart 10

11 T HE W RITING S TANDARDS : TEXT TYPES AND PURPOSES  Write Arguments to support claims…  Write Informative/Explanatory texts to examine & convey ideas and information…  Write narrative descriptions of Step-By- Step Procedures used for investigations or technical work – precise enough that others can replicate them and reach the same results) 11

12 P RODUCTION & D ISTRIBUTION  Produce clear, coherent writing appropriate to task, purpose and audience  Strengthen writing skills: Plan, Revise, Edit, Rewrite  Use technology to produce and publish writing and to interact and collaborate with others 12 T HE W RITING S TANDARDS :

13 R ESEARCH  SHORT (as well as sustained) Research Projects based on focused questions, demonstrating understanding of the subject.  Gather information from Multiple Sources, access Credibility & Accuracy, and integrate the information Avoiding Plagiarism.  Draw Evidence from literary or informational text to support analysis, reflection and research. 13 T HE W RITING S TANDARDS :

14 R ANGE OF W RITING  Write Routinely and A LOT using long and short assignments that vary in task, purpose and audience. 14

15 G ALLAGER : THE P ILLARS OF W RITING S UCCESS … 1. Students need to do A LOT more authentic writing in CTE and other subjects (prompts) 2. Teachers need to MODEL writing 3. Students need to READ AND STUDY OTHER WRITERS (mentor text) 15 Teaching Adolescent Writers… Page 13

16 G ALLAGER : THE P ILLARS OF W RITING S UCCESS … 4. Students need topic CHOICES when writing 5. Students need to write for AUTHENTIC (REAL WORLD) PURPOSES and to an AUTHENTIC AUDIENCE 6. Students need MEANINGFUL FEEDBACK (rubric) 16 Teaching Adolescent Writers… Page 13

17  What should you do? A. Go home, watch TV, play video games & hope the literacy stampede goes away B. Run, scream wildly and flail your arms in an attempt to distract the literacy stampede C. Elevate your reading and writing abilities to the point that you can run with the stampede D. Stand still and envision that the stampede will avoid you E. Scream at your parents and blame all your literacy problems on them 17 R UNNING THE L ITERACY S TAMPEDE … Resource: Teaching Adolescent Writing p.3

18 R UNNING THE L ITERACY S TAMPEDE …  What should you do? A. Lay down and curl up, covering your head B. Run directly at the bulls, screaming wildly and flailing your arms in an attempt to scare them in another direction C. Turn and run in the same direction as the bulls D. Stand still. The bulls will run around you E. Scream at your parents for taking you on this “back to nature” vacation 18 Resource: Teaching Adolescent Writing p.1

19 19 US Men’s Olympic Swimming Team

20 P ILLAR #1 – D O M ORE A UTHENTIC W RITING  Prompt students to activate what they already know or have experienced about a topic or subject - use writing “frontloading” activities  Use writing as a “warm up” to reading  Self questioning is an attribute of independent learners. Students need to be taught to write good questions themselves rather than finding answers to questions others pose.  Quick Writes p. 141 20 Resource: Teaching Adolescent Writing p.32 Resource: Classroom Strategies for Interactive Learning p.141 Quick Writes

21 Q UICK W RITES …  Provide a writing prompt that will introduce a new unit, topic, concept, thought, vocabulary word, procedure, etc… “ALTRUISM involves the unselfish concern for other people. It is doing things simply out of a desire to help, not because you feel obligated to out of duty, loyalty, guilt or that you will get a recognition or award. Is ALTRUISM being implemented in your school?”  Write down the prompt question…and begin writing immediately when I say “GO” and write until I say “STOP”. You will have 2 minutes.  Quickly jot down your thoughts to the prompt. (Don’t worry about form or writing conventions). The focus is on fluency.  You will share your writing with your elbow partner. 21 Resource: Classroom Strategies for Interactive Learning p.141 Quick Writes

22 SDQR…  Read the article “How to Develop a Welcoming Culture”  Use the SDQR chart to capture your thinking about the article and ALTRUISM  The strategy is that the physical act of writing helps imprint information in your brain and allows you to recall more detail, consolidate ideas, develop a question and retain information. 22 Resource: Teaching Adolescent Writing p.33 SDQR

23 P ASS THE REFLECTION …  In the article “The Importance of Soft Skills in the Workplace”, the author highlights 4 main soft skills that they think are important in small businesses… Drive/Work Ethic, Communication Skills, Teamwork & Decision Making/Problem Solving  After reading the article, select the soft skill you think is most important and write down the reasons for your selection. (1 minute)  Pass your paper on. Read the thinking on the paper you received and continue writing on the author’s topic & the thoughts of others. ( 1 minute). Pass the paper on…  Encourages extended thinking through their writing responses and those of others. 23 Resource: Teaching Adolescent Writing p.38 Pass the Reflection

24 O N - DEMAND W RITING …  On-Demand Writing may be the ONE skill that is MOST IMPORTANT to students.  It’s a component of the WKCE, SMARTER Balanced Assessment, college entrance and placement exams, scholarship essays, college & technical school applications, job applications, job interviews…  Use “annotated reading” and “text coding” strategies to be a better “On-Demand Writer”!  See “ABC’s & D” worksheet and page 42 for “Steps to Attack the Prompt” 24 Resource: Teaching Adolescent Writing p.41 - 42 ABC’s & D

25 ABC’ S AND D  A TTACK the prompt; circle all of the verbs that tell you exactly what to do  B RAINSTORM possible ideas about how you could answer; make a list  C HOOSE the best idea from the list and further develop  D OUBLE-CHECK work by re-reading answer & check for errors 25 Resource: Teaching Adolescent Writing p.41- 46 ABC’s & D

26 ABC’ S & D  SAT Prompt #4  Thomas Edison, the great inventor, once said the following about all of his inventions: “To invent something takes 1% inspiration, and 99% perspiration.” Do you agree or disagree that for an idea or goal to become a reality it takes a lot of hard work?  Assignment: In an essay support your position that it takes a lot of hard work to make a goal a reality by discussing examples of an individual you know or have read about. Cite personal experiences where you had an idea and carried it through until it became a reality. 26 See Website for Sample SAT Prompts for CTE

27 ABC’ S & D…  SAT Prompt #1  Think carefully about the issue presented in the following quotations and the assignment below. Then plan and write an essay that explains your ideas as persuasively as possible.  “There is only one boss. The customer. And they can fire everybody in the company from the chairman on down, simply by spending their money somewhere else.” (Sam Walton) “Treat every customer as if they sign your paycheck…because they do.” (Anonymous)  Assignment: What is your view on the idea that “The customer is always right”? Plan and write an essay in which you develop your point of view on this issue. Support your position with reasoning and examples that come from your reading, studies, experience, and observations. 27 See Website for Sample SAT Prompts for CTE

28 P ILLAR #2-M ODEL W RITING  Modeled authentic writing shows the teacher as being an active writer.  The teacher models…  the selection of topics;  the skills of gathering and organizing information;  the need to clarify meaning;  the ways in which information can be reordered, reoriented, changed, or deleted. 28

29 M ODELING - J OB A PPLICATION C OVER L ETTER …  Our next task in the “Career Preparation” unit is to write a “Job/Career Application Cover Letter”. I’ll begin the rewrite of a letter I started with you.  Rewriting Strategy: STAR Substitute, Take Things Out, Add, Rearrange  Group 1 – S & T Group 2 - A  Group 3 - R  Use Google Links on DL WIKI 29 Resource: Teaching Adolescent Writing p.59 STAR

30  Gather and Organize information using new sources such as books, web resources or experts in the field.  Find 2 sources of information on related to “Writing a Job Application Cover Letter” Find 2 sources of information on related to “Writing a Job Application Cover Letter”  Example: Example: 30 Standard: Writing (Production and distribution of Writing ) Grade 11-12 #4,5,6, & 7


32 P ILLAR #3 – M ENTOR T EXT  A mentor text is a published piece of writing a teacher uses during a writing lesson to either a) teach a writing skill or to b) motivate the students to want to write something similar.  Using mentor texts helps students answer the question, What should it look like at the end?  See DL WIKI for several mentor text examples What types of authentic writing are done in your class? Search on line for one mentor text to use in your class… 32

33 P ILLAR #4 - CHOICE  Choice fosters a feeling of ownership  Choice engages students in their writing and increases their commitment to improve  Help students expand their knowledge/interest in a topic:  Topic Blast (p. 100) What Bugs Me (p. 102)  Good Ideas/Bad Ideas (p. 103) I remember (p. 105)  Pass the Portrait (p. 105) Words of Wisdom Project (p.110)  4-Sided Argument (p.114)Ever Wonder Why? (p. 115)  Life After Death by PowerPoint: Life After Death by PowerPoint: 33 Resource: Teaching Adolescent Writing

34 P ILLAR #5 – P URPOSE & A UDIENCE  Students who develop the ability to recognize purpose and audience reap two benefits:  1) they read the world more critically and  2) they sharpen their own writing skills.  RAFT: Role, Audience, Form, Topic 34 …Expect Me To Teach…. p.64

35 RESEARCH - H OW WOULD THIS LOOK IN YOUR CLASS ?  How could you model the type of research that is done in the workplace and then incorporate it into a research task using RAFT?  This is what you could do:  Find two articles on a controversial topic  Walk students through both (modeling)  Ask students to take a position  Students must find ANOTHER article supporting their position (library/computer resources)  Students must write a persuasive letter citing evidence from ALL three texts (show them sample letters as examples) 35 RAFTRAFT

36 8 P URPOSES …  8 purposes for writing (p.123)  1.Express & Reflect  2. Inquire & Explore  3. Inform & Explain  4. Analyze & Interpret  5. Take a Stand  6. Evaluate & Judge  7. Propose a Solution  8. Seek common Ground 36 Resource: Teaching Adolescent Writing Variety in writing tasks will add interest to your class assignments!

37 P ILLAR #6- M EANINGFUL F EEDBACK Tools used to provide Meaningful Feedback:  A rubric is a tool to grade writing or other projects that breaks out specific criteria of the assignment which are examined individually.  Exemplars generally shows the level of competence of a students’ writing, and help them distinguish quality writing characteristics using a variety of samples.  Feedback should be helpful to both teacher and student  Grading Reform: http://gradingreform.pbworks.com 37

38 R UBRIC W EB S ITES …  6 + 1 Traits  UW-Stout’s link for 21 st Century examples:  U Virginia’s “Grading Essays in Any Course” oncerns/Fall_1996/TC_Fall_1996_Caraco.htm oncerns/Fall_1996/TC_Fall_1996_Caraco.htm  Smarter Balanced Assessment Writing Rubric: content/uploads/2012/05/TaskItemSpecifications/EnglishLanguageArtsLiteracy/ELARubrics.pd f content/uploads/2012/05/TaskItemSpecifications/EnglishLanguageArtsLiteracy/ELARubrics.pd f  Create and print your own rubrics: 38

39 6+1 T RAITS The 6+1 Trait® Writing analytical model for assessing and teaching writing is made up of 6+1 key qualities that define strong writing. These are:  Ideas, the main message; Ideas  Organization, the internal structure of the piece; Organization  Voice, the personal tone and flavor of the author's message; Voice  Word Choice, the vocabulary a writer chooses to convey meaning; Word Choice  Sentence Fluency, the rhythm and flow of the language; Sentence Fluency  Conventions, the mechanical correctness; Conventions Plus...  and Presentation, how the writing actually looks on the page.Presentation ( ) 39

40 M ICHAEL P HELPS – W ORLD R ECORD M EDAL W INNER …  "If you want to be the best, you have to do things that other people aren't willing to do."  — Michael Phelps on his dedication and motivationMichael Phelps on his dedication and motivation 40 The more you dream, the farther you get! "If you want to be the best, you have to do things that other people aren't willing to do." — Michael Phelps on his dedication and motivationMichael Phelps on his dedication and motivation

41 N EXT S TEPS  Adapt a lesson you already teach to include more reading, writing, speaking/listening and language…  Given what we’ve explored today, what support do you need to help your students meet the ELA standards in Disciplinary Literacy? 41

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