Presentation on theme: "Rise of Fascism and Nationalism Text pages 758 – 764"— Presentation transcript:
1Rise of Fascism and Nationalism Text pages 758 – 764 SSWH17 The student will be able to identify the major political and economic factors that shaped world societies between World War I and World War II.c. Describe the rise of fascism in Europe and Asia by comparing the policies of Benito Mussolini in Italy, Adolf Hitler in Germany, and Hirohito in Japan.d. Analyze the rise of nationalism as seen in the ideas of Sun Yat Sen, Mustafa Kemal Ataturk, and Mohandas Ghandi.
2Rise of Dictatorial Regimes By 1939, only two major European states– France & Great Britain– remained democratic.Italy, Soviet Union, Germany and others adopted dictatorial regimes.Totalitarian state- government that aims to control the political, economic, social, intellectual, and cultural lives of its citizens.
3Fascism in ItalyBenito Mussolini established the first European fascist movement in Italy.Fascism glorifies the state above the individual by emphasizing the need for a strong central government.In a fascist state, people are controlled by the government & any opposition is suppressed.Demanded land for Italy & won thousands of converts to fascism with his patriotic and nationalistic appeals.
4Fascism under Mussolini Victor Emmanuel II, king of Italy, gave in and made Mussolini prime minister in 1922.Given right to make laws by decreePolice were given unrestricted authority to arrest & jail anyone for either political or nonpolitical crimes.1926 outlawed all other political parties and established a secret policeMussolini ruled Italy by end of year as Il Duce- “the Leader”
6Japan under Hirohito Reigned over Japan from 1926 – 1989 Longest reign of all Japanese emperorsIncreased military power within the government through legal & extralegal meansMilitary clique held almost all political power in JapanPursued policies that eventually led to Japanese involvement in the second Sino-Japanese war and WWIIBillions of Asians see Hirohito as Asia’s Hitler of WWII; others argue he was merely a figurehead
9Mohandas Ghandi in India Viewed as India’s “Great Soul” or MahatmaProtested British laws using civil disobedienceLeader in Indianindependence movement
10Nationalism in China pages 692, 793-794 Revolutionary Marxism had its greatest impact in ChinaSun Yat Sen formed the Nationalist Party3 PrinciplesMilitary takeoverTransitional phase Party prepares the peopleConstitutional democracyPromoted nationalism, democracy, and the right for people to pursue their own livelihoodsFormed alliance with communists in 1923.
12Nationalism in Turkey pages 783-784 Led by Mustafa Kemal Ataturk or “Father Turk”Tried to transform Turkey into a modern stateDid not tolerate opposition, harshly oppressed his criticsPopular education introducedFactories established, forced to adopt last namesAttempted to break power of Islamic religion