Presentation on theme: "BEFORE WE BEGIN… BE SEATED AS SOON AS YOU ENTER HAVE YOUR NOTEBOOK READY ANYONE FAILING TO FOLLOW THESE INTRUCTIONS WILL NOT BE ALLOWED TO PARTICIPATE."— Presentation transcript:
BEFORE WE BEGIN… BE SEATED AS SOON AS YOU ENTER HAVE YOUR NOTEBOOK READY ANYONE FAILING TO FOLLOW THESE INTRUCTIONS WILL NOT BE ALLOWED TO PARTICIPATE IN A GAME PLANNED
Electing a glorious leader for class… Choose a leader from the ballot provided We should choose a leader to guide us to glory! This process is democratic and fair… no questioning our democratic process Good luck with the choices!
And the winner is….
Ms. Cronin, representing the Americans for America Party, wins in a landslide!!!!!
Was that election democratic? Why or why not? (Note that it was transparent and that all votes were counted.) What type of government do you think holds similar types of election? What is the leader in a totalitarian government usually called? Can you give examples of totalitarian governments in the world today? Can you give examples of totalitarian governments from the past? What makes these governments totalitarian? How do you think propaganda relates to totalitarianism? Why do you think that totalitarian regimes come to power?
Rise of Fascism EQ: Why did fascism rise in Europe?
What is Fascism? According to Webster’s Dictionary 1: a political philosophy, movement, or regime that exalts nation and often race above the individual and that stands for a centralized autocratic government headed by a dictatorial leader, severe economic and social regimentation, and forcible suppression of opposition 2: a tendency toward or actual exercise of strong autocratic or dictatorial control
Characteristics of a fascist gov’t… Nationalism is celebrated (extremely) Country controlled by 1 political party (& led by dictator) Citizen rights are limited (freedom of speech, press, etc.) Military and male strength are glorified Usually a call to action against some threat (real or imaginary)
Authoritarian Governments Government controlled by either a single powerful ruler, or powerful elite. People have no say in running government Often repress political opposition Usually allow some personal freedom Don’t attempt to control all aspects of people’s lives
Totalitarian Governments A government that aims to control the political, economic, social, intellectual, and cultural lives of its citizens. An extreme form of authoritarianism Often use propaganda, secret police, and terror to enforce policies. Usually run by a single, all-powerful dictator.
Benito Mussolini Fascist ruler of Italy Dismantled Italian Constitution, giving himself complete power over government Supported Italian Nationalism Anti-communist and Anti-socialist Created secret police force to monitor opposition. Outlawed other parties Censored the press
Hirohito Emperor of Japan Fierce Nationalist Japanese seen as superior race State run press Had political opposition arrested or assassinated.
Adolf Hitler Fascist ruler of Germany Supported extreme brand of German Nationalism Supported racism and anti-Semitism Anti-communist Awarded Time Magazine man of the year award in 1939 Also created secret police force. State-run press Created concentration camps.
Let’s focus for a bit on Hitler… What’s his story? How did Hitler come to power?
Now, let’s test your knowledge with a little game!
Questions How were the policies of Hitler, Mussolini, and Hirohito similar? Why would these leaders be classified as fascists? What is the difference between an authoritarian government, and a totalitarian government? How were the totalitarian governments of Germany and Russia similar?