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Warm Up Answer the following questions based on the timeline of the West between the Wars (p. 748-9): a. What book did Hitler write in 1924? b. Who became.

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Presentation on theme: "Warm Up Answer the following questions based on the timeline of the West between the Wars (p. 748-9): a. What book did Hitler write in 1924? b. Who became."— Presentation transcript:

1 Warm Up Answer the following questions based on the timeline of the West between the Wars (p. 748-9): a. What book did Hitler write in 1924? b. Who became the fascist leader of Italy? c. Who became president of the United States in 1932? d. In which year did Hitler become chancellor of Germany?

2 Essential Question How did the Great Depression affect European economies?

3 Between World Wars

4 League of Nations Remained weak Remained weak Members could not agree to use force when necessary Members could not agree to use force when necessary The U.S. never joined The U.S. never joined

5 French Demands Wanted strict enforcement of the Treaty of Versailles Wanted strict enforcement of the Treaty of Versailles Germans owed debt of $33 billion Germans owed debt of $33 billion

6 Germany Economy High inflation (rise in prices) High inflation (rise in prices) German money becomes worthless German money becomes worthless

7 The Dawes Plan Proposed by Americans Proposed by Americans Gave Germany a $200 million loan for economic recovery Gave Germany a $200 million loan for economic recovery

8 Great Depression Depression = a period of low economic activity and rising unemployment Depression = a period of low economic activity and rising unemployment

9 Causes of the Depression Falling prices in European countries Falling prices in European countries International financial crisis for the U.S. stock market International financial crisis for the U.S. stock market

10 United States President – Franklin D. Roosevelt President – Franklin D. Roosevelt Proposed the New Deal to help the economy Proposed the New Deal to help the economy

11 Great Depression

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14 Weimar Republic German democratic state after WWI German democratic state after WWI No strong leadership No strong leadership High unemployment, poor economy High unemployment, poor economy

15 Great Britain Two political parties: Two political parties: Labour Party Labour Party Conservative Party Conservative Party

16 Changes in Europe By 1939, only two European nations (France and Great Britain) remained democratic By 1939, only two European nations (France and Great Britain) remained democratic Most others had adopted dictators Most others had adopted dictators

17 New Form of Dictatorship Totalitarianism = government that aims to control the political, economic, social, intellectual, and cultural lives of its citizens Totalitarianism = government that aims to control the political, economic, social, intellectual, and cultural lives of its citizens

18 Totalitarian States Led by a single leader and a single party Led by a single leader and a single party No guarantees of personal freedoms No guarantees of personal freedoms

19 Fascism Glorify the state above the individual Glorify the state above the individual Need for a strong government led by a dictator Need for a strong government led by a dictator Remove opposition Remove opposition

20 Benito Mussolini Established a fascist movement in Italy Established a fascist movement in Italy

21 Rise of Fascism in Italy People feared communist revolution People feared communist revolution Mussolini formed the Blackshirts – armed men who suppressed opposition Mussolini formed the Blackshirts – armed men who suppressed opposition

22 Mussolini in Power Became dictator in 1922 as head of the Fascist Party Became dictator in 1922 as head of the Fascist Party Known as Il Duce – The Leader Known as Il Duce – The Leader

23 Quote, Mussolini Anti-individualistic, the Fascist conception of life stresses the importance of the State and accepts the individual only so far as his interests coincide with those of the State... The Fascist conception of the State is all-embracing; outside of it no human or spiritual values can exist. Thus understood, fascism is totalitarian.

24 Japanese Expansion Difficulty finding resources for growing industry Difficulty finding resources for growing industry Military gained more power Military gained more power

25 Invasion of Manchuria 1931 1931 Japan became a war-driven economy Japan became a war-driven economy

26 Picasso Abstract art Abstract art

27 Albert Einstein Physicist Physicist Won the Nobel Prize in 1921 for his theory of relativity Won the Nobel Prize in 1921 for his theory of relativity


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