Presentation on theme: "Warm Up Answer the following questions based on the timeline of the West between the Wars (p. 748-9): a. What book did Hitler write in 1924? b. Who became."— Presentation transcript:
1 Warm UpAnswer the following questions based on the timeline of the West between the Wars (p ):a. What book did Hitler write in 1924?b. Who became the fascist leader of Italy?c. Who became president of the United States in 1932?d. In which year did Hitler become chancellor of Germany?
2 How did the Great Depression affect European economies? Essential QuestionHow did the Great Depression affect European economies?
14 Weimar Republic German democratic state after WWI No strong leadership High unemployment, poor economy
15 Great BritainTwo political parties:Labour PartyConservative Party
16 Changes in EuropeBy 1939, only two European nations (France and Great Britain) remained democraticMost others had adopted dictators
17 New Form of Dictatorship Totalitarianism = government that aims to control the political, economic, social, intellectual, and cultural lives of its citizens
18 Totalitarian States Led by a single leader and a single party No guarantees of personal freedoms
19 Fascism Glorify the state above the individual Need for a strong government led by a dictatorRemove opposition
20 Benito MussoliniEstablished a fascist movement in Italy
21 Rise of Fascism in Italy People feared communist revolutionMussolini formed the Blackshirts – armed men who suppressed opposition
22 Mussolini in PowerBecame dictator in 1922 as head of the Fascist PartyKnown as “Il Duce” – The Leader
23 Quote, Mussolini“Anti-individualistic, the Fascist conception of life stresses the importance of the State and accepts the individual only so far as his interests coincide with those of the State The Fascist conception of the State is all-embracing; outside of it no human or spiritual values can exist. Thus understood, fascism is totalitarian.”
24 Japanese Expansion Difficulty finding resources for growing industry Military gained more power
25 Invasion of Manchuria1931Japan became a war-driven economy