7Guild Summary What is the purpose of a guild? What is an example of a guild?
8The Commercial Revolution The expansion of trade and business that transformed Europe during the 16th and 17th CenturiesMost trade took place in towns Many serfs left the manor and urban centers (cities) increased in populationTrade routes were re-established with the East and North Africa
20The Magna Carta The Nobles of England forced King John to sign in 1215 Protected the feudal rights of the Nobles at firstEventually, many argued that the Magna Carta applied to all English CitizensThis is one of the influential documents of Western Democratic Government
21Review At first, the Magna Carta protected the rights of what group? The Magna Carta became a foundation document of what U.S. documents?
23Effects of the Plague Bubonic Plague of 1300’s People thought it was punishment from God; Church prestige sufferedTown populations fell along with European populationPeasant revolts demanding higher wages
24The Plague Started with a headache Then… back ache, nausea, vomiting, back pain, soreness in his arms and legsWithin a day or two, the swellings appeared. They were hard, painful, burning lumps on his neck, under his arms, on his inner thighs. Soon they turned black, split open, and began to ooze pus and blood. They may have grown to the size of an orange.Then it really gets ugly… the death within a week.
27Review What did people of Europe think caused the Plague? Where did the Plague originate?What were some of the effects of the Plague?
28Write a story…You are a serf in Medieval France. The year is 1372 and the Plague has hit your town. Explain why you think this is happening, and how you think you might be able to protect your family. Include as many factual details as possible including three effects of the Plague.One Paragraph
29The Great Schism of 1305 (The Western Schism) Main idea: was based on an argument over who was the real PopePhillip IV of France persuaded the Cardinals in France to elect a second PopeWhere is the original Pope?Second Pope located in Avignon, FranceNow there were two Popes!Lasted for 69 yearsEFFECT: Weakened the Papacy