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World of Insects Characteristics, Orders, and Collecting.

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Presentation on theme: "World of Insects Characteristics, Orders, and Collecting."— Presentation transcript:

1 World of Insects Characteristics, Orders, and Collecting

2 What You Should Know About Insects …

3 Taxonomy Kingdom – Animalia Phylum – Arthropoda Class - Insecta

4 Insects Are Arthropods Insects are the largest group of Arthropods Jointed appendages (bendable) Segmented bodies Exoskeleton of Chitin that must be molted to grow Related to spiders, ticks, scorpions, millipedes, crustacean s

5 MAIN CHARACTERISTICS Three body regions – head, thorax, and abdomen One pair antenna (head) Six legs or 3 pairs (thorax) One-two pairs of wings (thorax)

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7 Count the Legs! SIX THORAX There are ALWAYS SIX legs, and they are attached to the THORAX

8 Antenna One Pair on head Jointed Sensory (smell) Called “feelers” Filiform most common shape (segments = size) May be modified FILIFORM

9 Antenna Modifications

10 Wings or No Wings Most adults have 2 pairs Called forewings and hindwings Some insects are wingless (silverfish, fleas, some termites and ants)

11 More on Wings A network of Veins strengthens wing s MEMBRANEOUS (clear) WINGS

12 Some Wings Are Covered With Powdery Scales BUTTERFLIES & MOTHS

13 Wings May Be Modified Order Diptera (flies) 2 nd pair of wings modified into HALTERES Used for balance Makes flies hard to catch!

14 Beetle Wings Hard Forewing called Elytra Meet in straight line down the abdomen Membranous hindwings folded underneath (flight) ELYTRA

15 CIRCLE THE INSECTS

16 INSECT ORDERS INSECTS WITH WINGS

17 Why Can’t I Call All of Them Bugs? EVERY BUG NOT ALL INSECTSEVERY BUG is an insect, but NOT ALL INSECTS are bugs! HEMIPTERATrue BUGS are in the Order HEMIPTERA Posterior thorax is triangular; called SCUTELLUMPosterior thorax is triangular; called SCUTELLUM Last 3 rd of wing CLEARLast 3 rd of wing CLEAR All have piercing /sucking mouthpartsAll have piercing /sucking mouthparts

18 Which of these are BUGS? ALL

19 More Hemipterans Assassin Bug Giant Water Bug Leaf Hopper Water Boatman

20 Coleoptera beetles Called beetles exoskeleton Tough exoskeleton Elytra Forewings called Elytra Fly with membranous hindwings Larva called grubs Rhinoceros beetle Cucumber beetle Ladybird beetle

21 Diptera mosquitoes fliesContains mosquitoes & flies One pairOne pair functional wings halteresClub-shaped halteres for balance hairyBodies often hairy Green Bottle fly Hover Fly Fruit Fly Aedes Mosquito

22 Dermaptera earwigsCalled earwigs flatLong, flat bodies ForcepsForceps (pincers) on end of abdomen Short, hard forewingsShort, hard forewings (membranous wings folded underneath mandiblesLarge jaws (mandibles) on head EARWIG EATING CATERPILLAR PINCERS

23 Orthoptera Grasshoppers, locusts, crickets, katydidsGrasshoppers, locusts, crickets, katydids longVery long bodies jumpingRear legs modified for jumping Females with egg laying tube (ovipositor on end of abdomen) Often communicate with chirping sounds

24 Lepidoptera Moths, butterflies, & skippersMoths, butterflies, & skippers SiphoningSiphoning mouthparts coiled under head Powdery scalesPowdery scales on wings flatButterflies fold wings flat above body at rest Mothsnight activeMoths are night active Important plant pollinators

25 Neuroptera LacewingsLacewings Net veinedNet veined wings Small, delicate insects Long antennaLong antenna Predators on other insects May feed on nectar

26 Isoptera TermitesTermites coloniesLive in colonies woodFeed on wood Soft bodiesSoft bodies & short antenna CastesCastes – workers, soldiers, kings, and queen

27 Homoptera Cicadas, leaf hoppers, wingless aphidsCicadas, leaf hoppers, wingless aphids roof like membranousIf wings present, held roof like over body & membranous Piercing-suckingPiercing-sucking mouthparts Aphids Cicada Leafhopper

28 Odonata Dragonflies & damselfliesDragonflies & damselflies Dragonflies perpendicularDragonflies hold clear wings spread perpendicular to body at rest Damselflies together over abdomenDamselflies hold clear wings together over abdomen

29 Hymenoptera Bees, ants, waspsBees, ants, wasps Narrow waiNarrow waist connects thorax & abdomen Abdomen curvedAbdomen curved downward stingerMay have stinger on end of abdomen Carpenter bee Red ant Yellow jacket

30 INSECT ORDERS WINGLESS INSECTS

31 Thysanura Called Silverfish Found around houses or outside under stones or wood Fast runners Damage books Secretive and active at night. Flat, long bodies Long antennae Three, long, tail like appendages

32 Siphonaptera FleasFleas EctoparasitesEctoparasites Bodies laterally compressed hind jumping legsEnlarged hind jumping legs Very short antenna

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34 Anoplura Sucking liceSucking lice ParasitesParasites of mammals smallVery small Headbody liceHead and body lice are examples Attracted to children’s fine hair Carry disease

35 Mallophaga Biting liceBiting lice birds & mammalsExternal parasites on birds & mammals Broad headBroad head & flattened body Feed on dead skin, feathers, and fur

36 Metamorphosis CHANGE IN FORM FROM EGG TO ADULT

37 Incomplete INCOMPLETE METAMORPHOUS Insects change shape gradually!

38 Complete Metamorphosis Four stages that all look different

39 Amorphic Insects SpringtailsSilverfish

40 Insects with Complete Metamorphosis ColeopteraColeoptera (beetles) HymenopteraHymenoptera (bees, ants, wasps) Diptera LepidopteraDiptera (flies) Lepidoptera (butterflies) EGG  LARVA  PUPA  ADULT

41 Insects with Incomplete Metamorphosis SiphonapteraSiphonaptera (fleas) IsopteraIsoptera (termites) OrthopteraOrthoptera (grasshoppers & crickets) HemipteraHemiptera (true bugs) HomopteraHomoptera (cicadas & hoppers) EGG  NYMPH  ADULT Wings NOT fully developed

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