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Opera – Oratorio – Cantata - Passion.   A large-scale dramatic work, staged, with costumes, acting, lighting, scene changes etc.  Watch the final scene.

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Presentation on theme: "Opera – Oratorio – Cantata - Passion.   A large-scale dramatic work, staged, with costumes, acting, lighting, scene changes etc.  Watch the final scene."— Presentation transcript:

1 Opera – Oratorio – Cantata - Passion

2   A large-scale dramatic work, staged, with costumes, acting, lighting, scene changes etc.  Watch the final scene from the opera Dido and Aeneas by Henry Purcell. In it, you will hear recitative, a chorus, and an aria containing a ground bass. Opera

3   A large-scale vocal work, always based on a religious theme.  Not acted, no costumes, scenery or lighting.  Watch and listen to a section from Handel’s Messiah. You will hear a recitative and aria sung by a countertenor, followed by a chorus. Oratorio

4   A shorter version of an oratorio, it may only last minutes.  It will usually contain chorus, recitative, aria and a chorale at the end.  Listen to extracts from J.S.Bach’s cantata Wachet Auf (‘Sleepers Wake’) Cantata

5   An oratorio which focuses specifically on the story of the Crucifixion from the Bible.  As with any other oratorio, it will contain recitative, arias, choruses and chorales.  Composers such as Bach often included an obbligato in their arias. This is an important solo part for an instrument, which complements the solo singer.  Listen to the aria Erbarme dich from Bach’s ‘St Matthew Passion’ Passion

6   A Da Capo Aria is basically written in ternary form.  The ‘A’ section is where the singer presents the main themes of the aria.  The ‘B’ section will present some new ideas, and may be in a different key.  The ‘A’ section is then repeated, but the solo singer will be expected to vary it and make it more interesting by adding some ornamentation.  Listen to part of the alto aria He was despised and rejected from Handel’s ‘Messiah’ as an example of this. Da Capo Aria


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