Presentation on theme: "Piece It Together! Putting Together the Pieces of the United States Constitution."— Presentation transcript:
Piece It Together! Putting Together the Pieces of the United States Constitution
Time to Review! What happened to the Articles of Confederation? Farmers in Massachusetts were beginning to lose their farms due to economic problems The Farmers blamed high taxes imposed by the state for the economic downturn Many farmers lost their farms and homes; some were even put in prison As a result, local farmers, led by Daniel Shays decided to rebel by shutting down the courts using force – they even raided a federal arsenal to take weapons for their rebellion
Review: Shays’ Rebellion Shays’ rebellion scared the colonists Who was going to maintain order if the states couldn’t? Would rebellions like this begin to spread? Could the country survive with things like this going on? The colonists knew that something needed to be done about all of the problems the government was having under the Articles.
Philadelphia Convention At the urging of the states, Congress invited delegates from all of the states to Philadelphia The purpose of this meeting was “for the sole and express purpose of revising the Articles of Confederation” Delegates (representatives of the states attending the convention) were only to revise the Articles… …but did they do more than revise?
Who was there? 55 delegates to the Philadelphia Convention All were white, male, landowners Delegates included: Philadelphia Convention James Madison – had a plan for a stronger national government; the “Father of the Constitution” George Washington – highly respected; believed in a strong national government Benjamin Franklin – one of the most respected men in America; primary role at the convention was to encourage cooperation among the delegates Photos from www.archives.gov
The delegates realized : 1. The problems with the Articles of Confederation were serious. Many felt the problems needed to be addressed in an entirely new constitution. 2. The proceedings of the convention needed to be a secret in order for delegates to freely express their opinions, not be influenced by outside ideas 3. All states received one vote at the convention This was done to please the small states who felt it was unfair to give more votes to the larger states Philadelphia Convention Those who attended would be known as the “Framers,” as they would be the ones to create the framework of the United States government in the Constitution.
In general, a constitution is a document that organizes a government. Think of a constitution as a rule book for government… Rule Book
The United States Constitution does the following: Sets up the government Defines power and limits of the government Lays out some of the rights of the people Social Contract ?
In a constitutional government, there are limits set on those who are responsible for running the government. In our country, Those limits come from the U.S. Constitution. What is a constitutional government? Here are some limits placed on those in our government: Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion… A President of the United States of America…shall hold his office during a term of four years… In all Cases affecting Ambassadors…and those in which a State shall be Party, the supreme Court shall have original Jurisdiction… How is this a limit on the Legislative branch? Executive Judicial
The People The Constitution protects the rights of the people from the government. Constitutional Government Chart Constitution The People Government The constitution is a social contract between We the People and the government. The government is structured to offer protection for the people through public safety measures and the justice system. The Constitution creates limits and guidelines for the government in order to protect the people from an abuse of power. The people must consent to give the power to make and enforce laws to the government. In a constitutional government, it all starts with the people…
Liberty and Rights Order and Security It is essential to create a balance of liberty and rights with order and security. This is the role of a constitution in a constitutional government. Balancing Act Constitutional Government
The Framers included: Preamble 7 Articles Amendments* Amendments would be included later on What does the United States Constitution Look Like? Signed Copy of the Constitution of the United States; Miscellaneous Papers of the Continental Congress, 1774-1789; Records of the Continental and Confederation Congresses and the Constitutional Convention, 1774-1789, Record Group 360; National Archives.
A preamble is an introduction. It states the purpose of the Constitution What is the Preamble?
The Preamble We the People of the United States, in Order to form a more perfect Union, establish Justice, insure* domestic Tranquility, provide for the common defence*, promote the general Welfare, and secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America.
Article I – Outlines the Legislative Branch, or “Congress” Article II – Outlines the Executive Branch, which includes the President Article III – Outlines the Judicial Branch, or the courts in the United States Article IV – Outlines the relations among the states Article V – Outlines the process for amending (changing or adding to) the Constitution Article VI – Discusses the Constitution as the “Supreme Law of the Land”; Supremacy Clause Article VII – Outlines the official ratification, or establishment, of the Constitution What are the 7 Articles?
Amendments are additions or changes to the Constitution Not all of the amendments were a part of the Constitution when it was signed Today, there are 27 Amendments to the United states Constitution What are amendments? Why did the Founders include a way to change/add to the Constitution? ? ?
27 Amendments I (1) freedom of religion, speech, press, assembly, petition II (2)right to bear arms III (3)quartering of troops IV (4)search and seizure V (5) due process, double jeopardy, self- incrimination VI (6)jury trial, right to counsel VII (7)common law suits VIII (8) excess bail or fines, cruel and unusual punishment IX (9)rights not named X (10)powers reserved to states XI (11)lawsuits against a state XII (12) election of president and vice president XIII (13)abolition of slavery XIV (14)due process, equal protection, privileges of citizens XV (15) rights not to be denied because of race XVI (16)income tax XVII (17)election of senators XVIII (18)prohibition XIX (19)women's right to vote XX (20) presidential term and succession XXI (21)repeal of prohibition XXII (22)president limited to 2 terms XXIII (23) presidential vote for persons in D.C. XXIV (24)no poll tax XXV (25)presidential succession XXVI (26)right to vote at age 18 XXVII (27) compensation of members of Congress
Now it’s your turn to piece it together! Get in groups of 3-5. You will receive a handout (Student Handout 1) and an envelope. Remove the strips from the envelope Identify the part of the Constitution using Student Handout 1. Label each strip in the blank box on the left (ex: Article II, Amendment X). Assemble the Constitution in the correct order using Student Handout 1 as a guide. Glue/tape the pieces of paper to the blank paper. Be sure to write names of all group members on the back of the paper! First group to finish wins!