Presentation on theme: "The Passive Voice What, why, when, where and how?."— Presentation transcript:
The Passive Voice What, why, when, where and how?
mjh In most sentences, we can recognize the following “formula”: Thing/Person doing the action(My friend) + verb(is feeding)+ thing/person receiving action ( his dog.)
mjh Let's examine the following sentences: 1.Ellen saw David at the mall yesterday. 2.David was seen at the mall yesterday. In both sentences, the verb "to see" is being used. In the first sentence, Ellen did the "action". In the second sentence, we don't know from reading the sentence who saw David but we know that someone saw him.
mjh the passive voice. When it is obvious that the subject of the sentence is not the one who did the action, and the action is “done” to/on him, we say that the sentence is in the passive voice. כאשר ברור שהנושא של המשפט הוא לא זה שעושה את הפעולה כלומר, הפעולה נעשתה לו או עליו, אנו אומרים שהמשפט הוא בצורת ה " סביל ".
mjh When do we use it? When we are interested in the act that was done but we don't know who did. Example: My neighbour's car was stolen. The action was done by an unknown thief. When the action is more important to us than the identity of the one who did. Example: The gift will be delivered before the holiday. We are interested in its arrival on time and not in who will deliver it.
mjh The passives is used more in journalism (newspapers, magazines) than in fiction (novels, stories), but most journalists and fiction writers use far more active than passive sentences. However, using the passive voice is very common in all types of scientific and technical writing.
mjh Subjectto bePast Participle Subject + to be in the suitable tense + Past Participle The past participle = verb+ed/3rd column of irregular verbsirregular verbs Examples: The table is cleaned after every meal. The table is being cleaned now. The table was cleaned after we ate. The table was being cleaned when we entered the restaurant. The table will be cleaned in a few moments. How do we use it?
mjh ACTIVE / PASSIVE - EXAMPLES: Simple Present ACTIVE PASSIVE Simple Present Once a week, Tom cleans the car. ACTIVE Once a week, the car is cleaned by Tom. PASSIVE Simple Past. ACTIVE. PASSIVE Simple Past Tom repaired the car. ACTIVE The car was repaired by Tom. PASSIVE
mjh MORE EXAMPLES: Present Continuous ACTIVE PASSIVE Present Continuous Right now, Tom is writing the letter. ACTIVE Right now, the letter is being written by Tom. PASSIVE Past Continuous The salesman was helping the customer when the thief came into the store. ACTIVE The customer was being helped by the salesman when the thief came into the store. PASSIVE Past Continuous The salesman was helping the customer when the thief came into the store. ACTIVE The customer was being helped by the salesman when the thief came into the store. PASSIVE
mjh MORE EXAMPLES: Simple Future John will certainly finish the work by 5:00 PM. ACTIVE Simple Future John will certainly finish the work by 5:00 PM. ACTIVE The work will certainly be finished by 5:00 PM. PASSIVE Sally is going to make a beautiful dinner tonight. ACTIVE A beautiful dinner is going to be made by Sally tonight. PASSIVE
mjh Practicing on the web: In the following links you will be able to practice the subject you’ve just learned: Exercise on Passive with Simple Present Exercise on Simple Present Exercise on Passive with Simple Past Exercise on Simple Past Exercise on Passive with Future I Exercise on Passive with Future II Exercise on Passive with Present Progressive Exercise on Passive with Past Progressive English irregular verbs