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ACTIVE and PASSIVE VOICE.. Voice can be active or passive. You must learn to recognize the difference to successfully speak English.

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Presentation on theme: "ACTIVE and PASSIVE VOICE.. Voice can be active or passive. You must learn to recognize the difference to successfully speak English."— Presentation transcript:

1 ACTIVE and PASSIVE VOICE.

2 Voice can be active or passive. You must learn to recognize the difference to successfully speak English.

3 Active Voice In active voice, the thing doing the action is the subject of the sentence and the thing receiving the action is the object. Most sentences are active. Thing doing action Thing doing action + verb + thing receiving action

4 Thing doing action Thing doing action + verb + thing receiving action SUBJECT OBJECT

5 EXAMPLE The professor teaches the students. SUBJECT; Doing the action OBJECT; Receiving the action VERB

6 The professor teaches the students.

7 EXAMPLE John washes the dishes. SUBJECT; Doing the action OBJECT; Receiving the action VERB

8 John washes the dishes. JOHN-- SUBJECT DISHES-- OBJECT

9 Passive Voice In passive voice, the thing receiving the action is the subject of the sentence and the thing doing the action is optionally included near the end of the sentence. You can use the passive voice if you think that the thing receiving the action is more important or should be emphasized.

10 You can also use the passive voice if you do not know who is doing the action or if you do not want to mention who is doing the action.

11 Passive voice Thing receiving action + BE + Past Participle of the Verb + BY + Thing Doing the Action

12 EXAMPLE Students are taught by the Professor.. SUBJECT; Receiving the action Doing the action PASSIVE VERB

13 Students are taught by the Professor.

14 EXAMPLE The dishes are washed by John. SUBJECT; Receiving the action Doing the action PASSIVE VERB

15 The dishes are washed by John. JOHN—Doing the action DISHES-- SUBJECT

16 Active / Passive voice Overview

17 SIMPLE PRESENT ACTIVE: Once a week, Tom cleans the house. PASSIVE: Once a week, the house is cleaned by Tom.

18 PRESENT CONTINUOUS ACTIVE: Right now, Sarah is writing the letter. PASSIVE: Right now, the letter is being written by Sarah.

19 Simple Past ACTIVE: Sam repaired the car. PASSIVE: The car was repaired by Sam.

20 Past Continuous ACTIVE: The salesman was helping the customer when the thief came into the store. PASSIVE: The customer was being helped by the salesman when the thief came into the store.

21 Simple Future will ACTIVE: Someone will finish the work by 5:00 PM. PASSIVE: The work will be finished by 5:00 PM.

22 Simple Future be going to ACTIVE: Sally is going to make a beautiful dinner tonight. PASSIVE: A beautiful dinner is going to be made by Sally tonight.

23 Future Continuous will ACTIVE: At 8:00 PM tonight, John will be washing the dishes. PASSIVE: At 8:00 PM tonight, the dishes will be being washed by John

24 Future Continuous be going to ACTIVE: They will have completed the project before the deadline. PASSIVE: The project will have been completed before the deadline.


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