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Characteristics of the Moon Earth Science Lesson 2 TEKS5.12A & 5.6A
Lithosphere The rocky surface of the Earth
The moon’s rocky surface is covered by craters.
Atmosphere: The pocket of air that surrounds the Earth The moon has no atmosphere because it has less gravity than Earth. No atmosphere means no weather and no weathering.
Hydrosphere: All the water on the surface of the Earth and underground, including ice and water vapor The moon has NO water!
Axis: an imaginary line running from the North Pole to the South Pole through the center of the Earth. The moon has an axis also.
Rotation: the spinning of a planet or moon on its axis. The Earth rotates on its axis once every 24 hours or 1 day. The Moon rotates on its axis once every 28-29 days.
Orbit: The path one object takes around another object in space. The Earth orbits the sun once every 365 days or one year. The Moon orbits the Earth once every 28-29 days.
Tide: The rise and fall of the water level of the ocean near the shore that is caused by the pull of gravity of the moon (changes every 6 hours) High tide 2 times a day Low tide 2 times a day
Phases: The different shapes the moon appears during the lunar cycle which repeats every 28-29 days.
Lunar Cycle New Moon
Lunar Cycle First Quarter
Lunar Cycle Full Moon
Lunar Cycle Last Quarter
Lunar Cycle Website http://stardate.org/nightsky/moon/index.php?month=3&y ear=2008&css=moon.css&Submit=Go
Picture Credits http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/imgcat/thumb nail_pages/moon_thumbnails.htmlhttp://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/imgcat/thumb nail_pages/moon_thumbnails.html
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Long ago, in a galaxy far, far away…
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