Presentation on theme: "Created for Salmon River Central School District employees K. Virginia Bond August 2008 updated September 2011 Right to Know and Blood borne Pathogens."— Presentation transcript:
Created for Salmon River Central School District employees K. Virginia Bond August 2008 updated September 2011 Right to Know and Blood borne Pathogens
Training Contents Understanding MSDS’s Labeling Physical Hazards Health Hazards Protecting yourself Bloodborne Pathogens
What is MSDS? M aterial S afety D ata S heet They provide pertinent information to employees about hazardous materials and chemicals in the workplace.
What information does a MSDS show? Manufacturer information Chemical synonyms Physical and/or chemical properties Spill response Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) Acute and Chronic effects of exposure
RTK law requires that…. MSDS’s be readily available in the work areas where potentially hazardous chemicals are used.
Labeling A manufacturer’s label (on a container) is the first place to look for information.
Basic Chemical Container Labels Chemical labels are not a substitute for a MSDS. Some chemicals pose little danger, others are deadly. Remember - Hazardous chemicals are everywhere!
Basic Labels Toxic Chemicals High Voltage AcidIrritant BioHazard Harmful
Chemical container labels information includes… Health hazards Specific chemicals in product How to protect yourself Manufacturer’s name and contact information
Color Coded Labels Many chemical manufacturers use color coded labels so that incompatible materials and chemicals with different hazard characteristics can be properly segregated from each other.
NFPA Color-Coded Labeling System Developed by the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) Higher the number the greater the risk
Water, oxidizing Color-code System explained
Corrosive = destroys living tissue on contact Toxic = hazardous to your health Flammable = readily catch fire Reactives = react violent with materials in otherwise stable situations Specific Labels
Labeling Requirements All hazardous chemicals introduced into the workplace need to be in labeled containers that meet the requirements of OSHA Two types of containers and labels: Primary label Secondary label
Primary Container and Label Prepared by the manufacturer of the chemical Affixed to all containers before shipped to buyers Label must include: Identity of chemical Appropriate hazard warnings Name & address of the manufacturer, distributor, or responsible party
Secondary Container & Label May only be used in that facility Labels include: Identity of chemical Appropriate hazard warning This should be labeled.
Hazard Warnings Acute Hazards (Immediate) Flammability Reactivity Oxidizer Explosive Corrosive Chronic Hazards (Long-Term ) Cancer Birth defects Targets organs Body systems affected
Physical vs. Health Hazards Physical Hazards are Flammable Oxidizers Explosive Compressed gas Health Hazards are Health issues Corrosive Poison Biological Radioactive
Hazard Potential 2 things to consider: Dose is the amount of exposure. Toxicity is the degree to which a chemical is harmful.
Health Hazards - Dosage Toxic effects increase as exposure increases. ALL CHEMICALS EXHIBIT A TOXIC EFFECT WITH A LARGE ENOUGH DOSE! ALL CHEMICALS EXHIBIT A TOXIC EFFECT WITH A LARGE ENOUGH DOSE!
Potential Routes of Entry 1. Absorption (touching) 2. Ingestion (eating or dirty hands) 3. Inhalation (breathing) 4. Injection (Poke or stick)
Types of Health Hazard Effects ACUTE EFFECTS Quick onset Health effects that occur after a single exposure Usually reversible CHRONIC EFFECTS Takes a long time to start Health problems occur after repeated or long exposure Usually can not be reversed
Protection Methods Product substitution Use a less or non-hazardous material Safe Work Practices Proper chemical storage Refer to MSDS’s Work in pairs Engineering Controls Chemical fume hoods or enclosures Personal Protective Equipment Respirators, aprons, safety glasses
Personal Protection Equipment (PPE) Eye and face protection Respiratory protection Body protection Hand protections
Employer Requirements Have MSDS’s available Train employees annually Have a poster of who to contact for information
Employees Rights You have the right to know what chemicals/materials are being used in your school building. You have the right to refuse to work with a product if your employer cannot provide information about its safety. You have the right to requests a copy of a MSDS for a chemical/material.
OSHA Blood-borne Pathogens Standard covers … all employees in jobs where occupational exposure to bloodborne pathogens can be "reasonably anticipated"
Bloodborne Pathogens Microorganisms such as viruses or bacteria that are carried in blood and can cause disease in people
Bloodborne Pathogens include, but not limited too: HIV - Human Immunodeficiency Virus Transmitted mainly through sexual contact May be spread by blood and body fluids HBV - Hepatitis B Virus Inflammation of the liver Extremely contagious Is spread by blood and body fluids Hepatitis C Colds and Flu (including H1N1)
Workplace Transmission Knowing how these diseases are transmitted is the first line of defense. Body fluids containing visible blood Semen and vaginal secretions Torn or loose skin Accidental puncture by a sharp object, contaminated with the pathogen
Direct Transmission Blood-borne pathogens can cause infection by entering your body through: Open cuts and nicks Skin abrasions Dermatitis Acne Mucous membranes of your mouth, eyes or mouth
Indirect Transmission Diseases can be transmitted when you touch a contaminated object or surface and then transfer the infection to your: Mouth Eyes Nose Non-intact skin Remember - HBV can survive on dried surfaces and at room temperatures for at least ONE WEEK!
Watch Out! Broken glass Anything Sharp Is Dangerous! needles knives Sharp metal edges
Standard Precautions aka - Universal Precautions TREAT ALL BLOOD AND BODY FLUIDS AS IF THEY WERE POTENTIALLY INFECTIOUS.
Ways to Reduce Risk To protect yourself (and students) effectively use: Work practice controls PPE (personal protective equipment) Engineering controls Appropriate Measures Housekeeping Hepatitis B vaccine
Work Practice Controls These are specific procedures you must follow on the job to reduce your risk of exposure to blood or other infectious materials. Certain people are assigned to deal with Blood-borne hazards regularly. Nurses Custodial staff
Hand washing This is the most important thing you can do to protect yourself (and others). Wash hands, for at least 20 seconds, with non- abrasive soap and running water: Every time you remove gloves and/or PPE Skin or mucous membranes come in direct contact with other blood or body fluids When there is no soap & water available, use antiseptic / alcohol-based hand cleaner. You must still wash your hands with soap and running water as soon as possible.
Personal Hygiene Other things to protect yourself: Minimize the spreading of droplets of blood when attending to an injured student or co-worker. Don’t eat, drink, smoke, apply cosmetics or lip balms, or handle contact lenses where there is a possibility of exposure. Don’t store food or beverages where blood or other potentially infectious materials are stored.
PPE (Personal Protective Equipment) If you clean up blood or body fluids: Wear appropriate PPE Use a solution of one part bleach to 100 parts water or one-fourth cup bleach to one gallon of water. Disinfect mops and cleaning tools after the job is done.
Gloves Gloves are the most frequently used type of PPE. Things to keep in mind: Always wear gloves when in contact with blood, potentially infectious materials, mucous membranes or non-intact skin. Gloves need to be replaced every few years. Never reuse disposable gloves.
Glove Removal You are only protected by gloves IF you use them correctly. With both hands gloved, peel one glove off from top to bottom and hold it on the gloved hand. With exposed hand, peel the second glove form the inside, tucking the first glove inside the second. Dispose of gloves promptly Never touch the outside of the glove with bare skin. Once you remove gloves, wash hands with soap and running water ASAP.
What to do in case of Bloodborne exposure? Wash the area with soap and running water Report the exposure to the school nurse, or your supervisor
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