Presentation on theme: "NUECES COUNTY Risk Management Department Right to Know."— Presentation transcript:
NUECES COUNTY Risk Management Department Right to Know
Training Contents Understanding MSDS’s Labeling Physical Hazards Health Hazards Protecting yourself Bloodborne Pathogens
What is MSDS? M aterial S afety D ata S heet They provide pertinent information to employees about hazardous materials and chemicals in the workplace.
What information does a MSDS show? Manufacturer information Chemical synonyms Physical and/or chemical properties Spill response Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) Acute and Chronic effects of exposure
RTK law requires that…. MSDS’s be readily available in the work areas where potentially hazardous chemicals are used.
Labeling A manufacturer’s label (on a container) is the first place to look for information.
Basic Chemical Container Labels Chemical labels are not a substitute for a MSDS. Some chemicals pose little danger, others are deadly. Remember - Hazardous chemicals are everywhere!
Basic Labels Toxic Chemicals High Voltage AcidIrritant BioHazard Harmful
Chemical container labels information includes… Health hazards Specific chemicals in product How to protect yourself Manufacturer’s name and contact information
Color Coded Labels Many chemical manufacturers use color coded labels so that incompatible materials and chemicals with different hazard characteristics can be properly segregated from each other.
NFPA Color-Coded Labeling System Developed by the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) Higher the number the greater the risk
Water, oxidizing Color-code System explained
Corrosive = destroys living tissue on contact Toxic = hazardous to your health Flammable = readily catch fire Reactives = react violent with materials in otherwise stable situations Specific Labels
Labeling Requirements All hazardous chemicals introduced into the workplace need to be in labeled containers that meet the requirements of OSHA Two types of containers and labels: Primary label Secondary label
Primary Container and Label Prepared by the manufacturer of the chemical Affixed to all containers before shipped to buyers Label must include: Identity of chemical Appropriate hazard warnings Name & address of the manufacturer, distributor, or responsible party
Secondary Container & Label May only be used in that facility Labels include: Identity of chemical Appropriate hazard warning This should be labeled.
Hazard Warnings Acute Hazards (Immediate) Flammability Reactivity Oxidizer Explosive Corrosive Chronic Hazards (Long-Term ) Cancer Birth defects Targets organs Body systems affected
Physical vs. Health Hazards Physical Hazards are Flammable Oxidizers Explosive Compressed gas Health Hazards are Health issues Corrosive Poison Biological Radioactive
Hazard Potential 2 things to consider: Dose is the amount of exposure. Toxicity is the degree to which a chemical is harmful.
Health Hazards - Dosage Toxic effects increase as exposure increases. ALL CHEMICALS EXHIBIT A TOXIC EFFECT WITH A LARGE ENOUGH DOSE! ALL CHEMICALS EXHIBIT A TOXIC EFFECT WITH A LARGE ENOUGH DOSE!
Potential Routes of Entry 1. Absorption (touching) 2. Ingestion (eating or dirty hands) 3. Inhalation (breathing) 4. Injection (Poke or stick)
Types of Health Hazard Effects ACUTE EFFECTS Quick onset Health effects that occur after a single exposure Usually reversible CHRONIC EFFECTS Takes a long time to start Health problems occur after repeated or long exposure Usually can not be reversed
Protection Methods Product substitution Use a less or non-hazardous material Safe Work Practices Proper chemical storage Refer to MSDS’s Work in pairs Engineering Controls Chemical fume hoods or enclosures Personal Protective Equipment Respirators, aprons, safety glasses
Personal Protection Equipment (PPE) Eye and face protection Respiratory protection Body protection Hand protections
Employer Requirements Have MSDS’s available Train employees annually Have a poster of who to contact for information
Employees Rights You have the right to know what chemicals/materials are being used in your school building. You have the right to refuse to work with a product if your employer cannot provide information about its safety. You have the right to requests a copy of a MSDS for a chemical/material.
Questions Contact the Risk Manager or Emergency Risk Management Specialist: Office FAX