3Bloodborne pathogensBodily fluids, especially those visibly contaminated with blood, are capable of causing disease.The most common ways pathogens can enter your body, in a school setting, are through a cut in the skin, through your eyes or mouth.
4Who, What & Why? Who are the employees that are most at risk? What protects employees from occupational risk exposure?Occupational exposure to bloodborne pathogens, although infrequent,does happen at school.
6Occupational Health and Safety Association Bloodborne Regulation (29 CF )Applies to all persons who may reasonably anticipate contact with blood or other potentially infectiousbody fluids
7HBV, HCV & HIV Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C, Human Immunodeficiency Virus Exposure to a bloodborne pathogen places employees at risk for:Contracting the above diseasesBecoming very illIn some cases may be fatal
8HIV vs Hepatitis B HIV Hepatitis B Transmitted through blood, semen, vaginal secretions and breast milkVirus lives outside the body for only a few hoursNo vaccination availableHepatitis BTransmitted through blood, semen and vaginal secretionsVirus lives outside the body for up to 7 daysContaminated surfaces are a major factor in the spread of HBV.Up to 100 times easier to catch than HIVVaccinations available –3-4 doses
9Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) HIV attacks your body’s ability to protect itself against diseaseInitially no visible signs of having the virusMost people with HIV develop AIDSThere is no vaccination for HIV
10Hepatitis B Poses a greater risk to school personnel than HIV Approximately 1.25 million people in the US carry HBVHBV causes serious liver diseaseAcute symptoms include jaundice, fatigue, abdominal pain and weight lossWhile most people recover from HBV infection some become chronically infected.
11Hepatitis C VirusChronic infection with HCV is much more common than with HBVSymptoms may not occur for many years after the infectionHCV also causes a serious liver diseaseThere is no vaccine
12HIV, HBV & HCVThe following substances do not spread the HBV, HVC and HIV viruses unless blood is present:FecesNasal congestionSalivaSputumSweat / tearsUrineVomit
13How do I protect myself?The most effective means of protecting yourself is by using a hand sanitizer or by vigorous handwashing with warm soap and water.An HBV vaccination is one of the best ways to protect yourself from Hepatitis B.Wear gloves whenever handling blood or anything that might have blood in it or on it.
14When to Wash Before eating Before handling clean equipment or utensils Before and after assisting with feedingAfter assisting with toileting or diaperingAfter contact with any body secretionsAfter handling soiled diapers, garments or equipmentAfter removing disposable gloves
16Universal Precautions Assume that every exposure to blood and body fluids is a risk.Universal precautions are required by OSHA to prevent transmission of bloodborne pathogens while providing first aid or health care
18GlovesWear disposable gloves when handling any fluids requiring universal precautions.Always check gloves for holes.No latex gloves to be used. Risk of allergy!
19Gloves Take hold of first glove at wrist. Fold it over and peel it back, turning it inside out as it goes.Once the glove is off, hold it with your gloved hand.To remove the other glove, place your bare fingers inside the cuff without touching the glove exterior.Peel the glove off from the inside, turning it inside out as it goes.Use it to envelope the other glove.
21VaccinationBest way to avoid contracting HBV is to be immunized against it.Vaccine provides 90% protection for 7 or more years. Also 70-88% effective when given within one week of exposure.OSHA requires vaccinations be made available to all employees with occupational exposureEmployees must sign a form if they choose to decline vaccine.
22If you’re exposed to blood If skin contact, wash off with non-abrasive soap and water.If blood gets in your eyes or mucous membranes, immediately flush eyes with large amounts running water for at least fifteen minutes.
23Safe clean upBlood spills should be cleaned up promptly with a freshly prepared disinfectant solution of bleach. ( ¼ cup bleach to 1 gallon cold water.)Bleach retains germicidal ability for 24 hours.Use disposable towels.Wear gloves.
24The Exposure Control Plan Ensures that employees are :Aware of potential hazards from exposure to bloodborne pathogens.Advised of the appropriate procedures to avoid exposure.
25Report the ExposureComplete accident report as soon as possible after incidentTurn it in to your supervisor and follow their instructionsRemember that most exposures do not result in infection