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Rise of Mussolini Ms. Garratt.  Italian nat’lists felt betrayed by Paris peace treaties. Yugoslavia  Veterans returned to econ & pol chaos Strikes Unemployment.

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Presentation on theme: "Rise of Mussolini Ms. Garratt.  Italian nat’lists felt betrayed by Paris peace treaties. Yugoslavia  Veterans returned to econ & pol chaos Strikes Unemployment."— Presentation transcript:

1 Rise of Mussolini Ms. Garratt

2  Italian nat’lists felt betrayed by Paris peace treaties. Yugoslavia  Veterans returned to econ & pol chaos Strikes Unemployment Conflict between workers & industry Feuding political factions  Mussolini responds to these problems by creating the Fascist party  Upper class was very nervous – Musso got grass roots support as well as from the upper classes who feared Communism and Socialism

3  Extreme form of aggressive nationalism  Race used to justify aggression & Social Darwinism.  Individuals subservient to the state - strict obedience demanded  Children were indoctrinated  Anti-communist  Anti-democratic

4  (1)Single party dictatorship.  (2) State controlled economy.  (3) Use of spies & state terrorism.  (4) Strict censorship & control of the media.  (5) Use of schools & media to indoctrinate & mobilize citizens.  (6) Civil rights are sacrificed for strict obedience to the state.  (7) War & militarism are glorified

5  Organized the Fascist party 1919  Mussolini was its dictator  Spoke of reviving Roman glory  Result(s)?

6  Organized “black shirts” (combat gangs)  Used violence & terror against political opponents such as communists and socialists.  Results?

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10  Citizens bombarded with slogans glorifying the state & Musso.  “Believe, obey, fight” were blasted from loudspeakers.  “A minute on the battlefield is worth a lifetime of peace” was the fascist position. RESULTS?

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13  Economy under state control.  Preserved capitalism but state directed econ policy  The economy improved  HOWEVER, came at labor’s expense as strikes outlawed & wages dropped. ANTI- Communist RESULTS?

14  Revive ancient glory of Rome  Aggressive Social Darwinist approach to world affairs  Will justify foreign aggression and pact with Hitler.  RESULTS?

15  Alliance between Germany & Italy  Both pursue very aggressive military policies  Both justify action on social Darwinism.  Hitler will have to bail out Mussolini out militarily often

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19  Musso built the 1 st totalitarian state which was never as extreme as Germany’s or Soviet Unions.  What was its appeal? Promised strong, stable gov & to end political & econ paralysis that came with democracy. Revived national pride. Promised to restore the former glory of the Roman Empire Projected sense of power during times of despair & disorder

20  Both flourished during difficult economic times.  Both promoted extreme programs of social change.  Both had totalitarian governments to bring about a social revolution.  Both were dictatorships.  The USSR, Italy, & Germany were all totalitarian regimes.

21  Communism sought to: 1. Destroy capitalism 2. Promote world revolution through COMINTERN 3. End class conflict. 4. Race not important  Fascism sought to: 1. Maintain capitalism but destroy communism 2. Engage in foreign aggression based on Social Darwinism 3. Preserve class differences 4. Race extremely important

22  Three ideologies vied for power during the postwar years. Democracy in Brit & Fr was challenged by difficult economic challenges & labor. Communism in USSR – attractive to some workers but seen as a threat to capitalist govs Fascism in Germ & Italy attractive for its appeal to national unity & patriotism. As the Great Depression deepens fascist ideology will become more attractive.

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25  Scrapbook Assignment Create a newspaper editorial (propaganda) that glorifies Mussolini and fascism. This editorial would have to pass the fascist censors Reference all of the following:  The economy  National pride  Political stability 

26  Demands change in gov  King ( V.E. II) succumbs  Allows him to become the prime minister

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