Presentation on theme: "Rise of Mussolini Ms. Garratt"— Presentation transcript:
1Rise of Mussolini Ms. Garratt Fascism In ItalyRise of MussoliniMs. Garratt
2Post WWI ProblemsItalian nat’lists felt betrayed by Paris peace treaties.YugoslaviaVeterans returned to econ & pol chaosStrikesUnemploymentConflict between workers & industryFeuding political factionsMussolini responds to these problems by creating the Fascist partyUpper class was very nervous – Musso got grass roots support as well as from the upper classes who feared Communism and Socialism
3What is Fascism? Extreme form of aggressive nationalism Race used to justify aggression & Social Darwinism.Individuals subservient to the state - strict obedience demandedChildren were indoctrinatedAnti-communistAnti-democratic
4Fascism was Totalitarian (1) Single party dictatorship.(2) State controlled economy.(3) Use of spies & state terrorism.(4) Strict censorship & control of the media.(5) Use of schools & media to indoctrinate & mobilize citizens.(6) Civil rights are sacrificed for strict obedience to the state.(7) War & militarism are glorified
5Single-Party Dictatorship Organized the Fascist party 1919Mussolini was its dictatorSpoke of reviving Roman gloryResult(s)?
6Use of Secret Police & Terror Organized “black shirts” (combat gangs)Used violence & terror against political opponents such as communists and socialists.Results?
10Fascist Indoctrination Citizens bombarded with slogans glorifying the state & Musso.“Believe, obey, fight” were blasted from loudspeakers.“A minute on thebattlefield is worth a lifetime of peace” was the fascist position.RESULTS?
13Corporate State: Economic Policy Economy under state control.Preserved capitalism but state directed econ policyThe economy improvedHOWEVER, came at labor’s expenseas strikes outlawed &wages dropped.ANTI- CommunistRESULTS?
14Race & Social Darwinism Revive ancient glory of RomeAggressive Social Darwinist approach to world affairsWill justify foreign aggression and pact with Hitler.RESULTS?
15Rome-Berlin Axis Alliance between Germany & Italy Both pursue very aggressive military policiesBoth justify action on social Darwinism.Hitler will have to bail out Mussolini out militarily often
19Mussolini & Totalitarianism Musso built the 1st totalitarian state which was never as extreme as Germany’s or Soviet Unions.What was its appeal?Promised strong, stable gov & to end political & econ paralysis that came with democracy.Revived national pride.Promised to restore the former glory of the Roman EmpireProjected sense of power during times of despair & disorder
20Similarities of Communism & Fascism Both flourished during difficult economic times.Both promoted extreme programs of social change.Both had totalitarian governments to bring about a social revolution.Both were dictatorships.The USSR, Italy, & Germany were all totalitarian regimes.
21Differences Fascism & Communism Communism sought to:Destroy capitalismPromote world revolution through COMINTERNEnd class conflict.Race not importantFascism sought to:1. Maintain capitalism but destroy communism2. Engage in foreign aggression based on Social Darwinism3. Preserve class differences4. Race extremely important
22Three IdeologiesThree ideologies vied for power during the postwar years.Democracy in Brit & Fr was challenged by difficult economic challenges & labor.Communism in USSR – attractive to some workers but seen as a threat to capitalist govsFascism in Germ & Italy attractive for its appeal to national unity & patriotism. As the Great Depression deepens fascist ideology will become more attractive.
25Pair Activity Scrapbook Assignment Create a newspaper editorial (propaganda) that glorifies Mussolini and fascism.This editorial would have to pass the fascist censorsReference all of the following:The economyNational pridePolitical stability
26March on Rome 1922 Demands change in gov King ( V.E. II) succumbs Allows him to become the prime minister